Scientia Marina, Vol 81, No 4 (2017)

Massive decline of Cystoseira abies-marina forests in Gran Canaria Island (Canary Islands, eastern Atlantic)


https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.04655.23A

José Valdazo
Grupo en Biodiversidad y Conservación, IU-ECOAQUA, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2062-4999

M. Ascensión Viera-Rodríguez
Grupo en Biodiversidad y Conservación, IU-ECOAQUA, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6423-619X

Fernando Espino
Grupo en Biodiversidad y Conservación, IU-ECOAQUA, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3988-7297

Ricardo Haroun
Grupo en Biodiversidad y Conservación, IU-ECOAQUA, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1348-692X

Fernando Tuya
Grupo en Biodiversidad y Conservación, IU-ECOAQUA, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8316-5887

Abstract


Brown macroalgae within the genus Cystoseira are some of the most relevant “ecosystem-engineers” found throughout the Mediterranean and the adjacent Atlantic coasts. Cystoseira-dominated assemblages are sensitive to anthropogenic pressures, and historical declines have been reported from some regions. In particular, Cystoseira abies-marina, thriving on shallow rocky shores, is a key species for the ecosystems of the Canary Islands. In this work, we analyse changes in the distribution and extension of C. abies-marina in the last decades on the island of Gran Canaria. This alga dominated the shallow rocky shores of the entire island in the 1980s; a continuous belt extended along 120.5 km of the coastline and occupied 928 ha. In the first decade of the 21st century, fragmented populations were found along 52.2 km of the coastline and occupied 12.6 ha. Today, this species is found along 37.8 km of the coastline and occupies only 7.4 ha, mainly as scattered patches. This regression has been drastic around the whole island, even in areas with low anthropogenic pressure; the magnitude of the decline over time and the intensity of local human impacts have not shown a significant correlation. This study highlights a real need to implement conservation and restoration policies for C. abies-marina in this region.

Keywords


marine forests; habitat-forming species; human pressures; Fucales; regression; Atlantic Ocean

Full Text:


HTML PDF XML

References


Ballesteros E., Torras X., Pinedo S., et al. 2007. A new methodology based on littoral community cartography for the implementation of the European Water Framework Directive. Mar. Poll. Bull. 55: 172-180. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2006.08.038 PMid:17045303

Benedetti-Cecchi L., Pannacciulli F., Bulleri F., et al. 2001. Predicting the consequences of anthropogenic disturbance: large-scale effects of loss of canopy algae on rocky shores. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 214: 137-150. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps214137

Blanfuné A., Boudouresque C.F., Verlaque M., et al. 2016a. The fate of Cystoseira crinita, a forest-forming Fucale (Phaeophyceae, Stramenopiles), in France (North Western Mediterranean Sea). Est. Coast. Shelf Sci. 181: 196-208. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2016.08.049

Blanfuné A., Boudouresque C.F., Verlaque M., et al. 2016b. Response of rocky shore communities to anthropogenic pressures in Albania (Mediterranean Sea): ecological status assessment through the CARLIT method. Mar. Poll. Bull. 109: 409-418. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.05.041 PMid:27236230

Blanfuné A., Thibaut T., Boudouresque C.F., et al. 2017. The CARLIT method for the assessment of the ecological quality of European Mediterranean waters: Relevance, robustness and possible improvements. Ecol. Indic. 72: 249-259. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2016.07.049

Bulleri F., Benedetti-Cecchi L., Acunto S., et al. 2002. The influence of canopy algae on vertical patterns of distribution of low shore assemblages on rocky coasts in the northwest Mediterranean. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 267: 89-106. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-0981(01)00361-6

Buonomo R., Assis J., Fernandes F., et al. 2017. Habitat continuity and stepping-stone oceanographic distances explain population genetic connectivity of the brown alga Cystoseira amentacea. Mol. Ecol. 26: 766-780. https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.13960 PMid:27997043

Cheminée A., Sala E., Pastor J., et al. 2013. Nursery value of Cystoseira forests for Mediterranean rocky reef fishes. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 442: 70-79. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2013.02.003

Ferrer-Valero N., Hernández-Calvento L., Hernández-Cordero A.I. 2017. Human impacts quantification on the coastal landforms of Gran Canaria Island (Canary Islands). Geormorphology 286: 58-67. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2017.02.028

Franco J.N., Wernberg T., Bertocci I., et al. 2015. Herbivory drives kelp recruits into 'hiding' in a warm ocean climate. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 536: 1-9. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps11445

García-Fernández A., Bárbara I. 2016. Studies of Cystoseira assemblages in Northern Atlantic Iberia. An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 73: e035. https://doi.org/10.3989/ajbm.2403

Giaccone G., Alongi G., Pizzuto F., et al. 1994. La Vegetazione marina bentonica fotofila del Mediterraneo: 2: Infralitorale e Circalitorale: proposte di aggiornamento. Boll. Accad. Gioenia Sci. Nat. Catania 27(346): 111-157.

González-Rodríguez R.M., Afonso-Carrillo J. 1990. Estudio fenológico de cuatro especies de Cystoseira C. Agardh (Phaeophyta, Fucales) en Punta del Hidalgo, Tenerife (Islas Canarias). Vieraea 18: 205-234.

Halpern B.S., Walbridge S., Selkoe K.A., et al. 2008. A global map of human impact on marine ecosystems. Science 319(5865): 948-952. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1149345 PMid:18276889

ISTAC. 2015. Anuario Estadístico de Canarias 2014. Instituto Canario de Estadística, Gobierno de Canarias.

IUCN. 2017. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2017-1. Accessed on 10 July 2017. www.iucnredlist.org

Ivesa L., Djakovac T., Devescovi M. 2016. Long-term fluctuations in Cystoseira populations along the west Istrian Coast (Croatia) related to eutrophication patterns in the northern Adriatic Sea. Mar. Poll. Bull. 106: 162-173. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.03.010 PMid:26975612

Johnston C.S. 1969. Studies on the ecology and primary production of Canary Island marine algae. Proc. Int. Seaweed Symp. 6: 213-222.

Jones C.G., Lawton J.H., Shachak M. 1994. Organisms as ecosystem engineers. Oikos 69: 373-386. https://doi.org/10.2307/3545850

Lamela-Silvarrey C., Fernández C., Anadón R., et al. 2012. Fucoid assemblages on the north coast of Spain: past and present (1977-2007). Bot. Mar. 55: 199-207. https://doi.org/10.1515/bot-2011-0081

Lima F.P., Wethey D.S. 2012. Three decades of high-resolution coastal sea surface temperatures reveal more than warming. Nat. Commun. 3: 704. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms1713 PMid:22426225

Ling S.D., Scheibling R.E., Rassweiler A., et al. 2015. Global regime shift of catastrophic sea urchin overgrazing. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 370: 20130269. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2013.0269 PMCid:PMC4247405

Mangialajo L., Chiantore M., Cattaneo-Vietti R. 2008. Loss of fucoid algae along a gradient of urbanisation and relationships with the structure of benthic assemblages. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 358: 63-74. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps07400

Mangialajo L., Chiantore M., Susini M.L., et al. 2012. Zonation patterns and interspecific relationships of fucoids in microtidal environments. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 412: 72-80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2011.10.031

Medina M. 1997. Estudio ecofisiológico de las praderas de Cystoseira abies-marina (S.G. Gmel.) C. Agardh en el Archipiélago Canario. PhD thesis, Tech. Univ. La Laguna, 155 pp.

Medina M., Haroun R. 1993. Preliminary study on the dynamics of Cystoseira abies-marina population in Tenerife (Canary Island). Cour. Forschinst. Senckenb. 159: 109-112.

Micheli F., Levin N., Giakoumi S., et al. 2013. Setting priorities for regional conservation planning in the Mediterranean Sea. PLoS ONE 8: e59038. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0059038 PMid:23577060 PMCid:PMC3618442

Oliveras M., Gómez A. 1989. Corología del género Cystoseira C. Agardh (Phaeophyceae, Fucales). An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 46: 89-97.

Portillo-Hahnefeld E. 2008. Arribazones de algas y plantas marinas en Gran Canaria. Características, gestión y posibles usos. Instituto Tecnológico de Canarias, 86 pp.

Ramírez R., Tuya F., Haroun R.J. 2008. El Intermareal Canario. Poblaciones de lapas, burgados y ca-adillas. BIOGES, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 52 pp.

Riera R., Sangil C., Sansón M. 2015. Long-term herbarium data reveal the decline of a temperate-water algae at its southern range. Est. Coast. Shelf Sci. 165: 159-165. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2015.05.008

Rodríguez M., Pérez Ó., Ramos E., et al. 2008. Estudio de la distribución y tama-o de población de la especie Cystoseira abies-marina (S.G. Gmelin) C. Agardh, 1820 en Canarias. C.I.M.A. Informe Técnico 29, 188 pp.

Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., et al. 2016. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 2016 Annual Checklist. Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. http://www.catalogueoflife.org/annual-checklist/2016

Sales M., Cebrian E., Tomas F., et al. 2011. Pollution impacts and recovery potential in three species of the genus Cystoseira (Fucales, Heterokontophyta). Est. Coast. Shelf Sci. 92: 347-357. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2011.01.008

Sangil C., Sansón M., Clemente S., et al. 2014. Contrasting the species abundance, species density and diversity of seaweed assemblages in alternative states: Urchin density as a driver of biotic homogenization. J. Sea Res. 85: 92-103. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seares.2013.10.009

Sansón M., Reyes J., Afonso-Carrillo J. 2001. Flora marina. In: Fernández Palacios J.M., Martín-Esquivel J.L. (eds). Naturaleza de las Islas Canarias: ecología y conservación. Ed. Turquesa. Santa Cruz de Tenerife. pp. 193-198.

Sansón M., Sangil C., Orellana S., et al. 2013. Do the size shifts of marine macroalgae match the warming trends in the Canary Islands? In: XIX Simposio de Botanica Criptogamica. Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 24-28 June.

Schiel D.R., Foster M.S. 2006. The population biology of large brown seaweeds: ecological consequences of multiphase life histories in dynamic coastal environments. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Evol. Syst. 37: 343-372. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.37.091305.110251

Susini M.L., Thibaut T., Meinesz A., et al. 2007. A preliminary study of genetic diversity in Cystoseira amentacea (C. Agardh) Bory var. stricta Montagne (Fucales, Phaeophyceae) using random amplified polymorphic DNA. Phycologia 46: 605-611. https://doi.org/10.2216/06-100.1

Thibaut T., Pinedo S., Torras X., et al. 2005. Long-term decline of the populations of Fucales (Cystoseira spp. and Sargassum spp.) in the Albères coast (France, northwestern Mediterranean). Mar. Poll. Bull. 50: 1472-1489. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2005.06.014 PMid:16026805

Thibaut T., Blanfuné A., Markovic L., et al. 2014. Unexpected abundance and long-term relative stability of the brown alga Cystoseira amentacea, hitherto regarded as a threatened species, in the north-western Mediterranean Sea. Mar. Poll. Bull. 89: 305-323. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2014.09.043 PMid:25440190

Thibaut T., Blanfuné A., Boudouresque C.F., et al. 2015. Decline and local extinction of Fucales in the French Riviera: the harbinger of future extinctions? Medit. Mar. Sci. 16: 206-224. https://doi.org/10.12681/mms.1032

Thibaut T., Blanfuné A., Verlaque M., et al. 2016a. The Sargassum conundrum: highly rare, threatened or locally extinct in the NW Mediterranean and still lacking protection. Hydrobiologia 781: 3-23. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-015-2580-y

Thibaut T., Blanfuné A., Boudouresque C.F., et al. 2016b. Unexpected temporal stability of Cystoseira and Sargassum forests in Port-Cros, one of the oldest Mediterranean marine National Parks. Cryptogamie Algol. 37: 61-90. https://doi.org/10.7872/crya/v37.iss1.2016.61

Tuya F., Haroun R. 2006. Spatial patterns and response to wave exposure of photophilic algal assemblages across the Canarian Archipelago: a multi-scaled approach. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 311: 15-28. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps311015

Tuya F., Martín J.A., Reuss G.M., et al. 2001. Food preference of the sea urchin Diadema antillarum in Gran Canaria (Canary Island, central-east Atlantic Ocean). J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. U.K. 81: 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0025315401004672

Tuya F., Boyra A., Sánchez-Jerez P., et al. 2004. Relationships between rocky-reef fish assemblages, the sea urchin Diadema antillarum and macroalgae throughout the Canarian Archipelago. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 278: 157-169. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps278157

Tuya F., Ramírez R., Sánchez-Jerez P., et al. 2006. Coastal resources exploitation can mask bottom-up mesoscale regulation of intertidal populations. Hydrobiologia 553: 337-344. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-005-1246-6

Tuya F., Ribeiro-Leite L., Arto-Cuesta N., et al. 2014. Decadal changes in the structure of Cymodocea nodosa seagrass meadows: Natural vs. human influences. Est. Coast. Shelf Sci. 137: 41-49. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2013.11.026

Verges A., Alcoverro T., Ballesteros E. 2009. Role of fish herbivory in structuring the vertical distribution of canopy algae Cystoseira spp. in the Mediterranean Sea. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 375: 1-11. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps07778

Wahl M., Molis M., Hobday A.J., et al. 2015. The responses of brown macroalgae to environmental change from local to global scales: direct versus ecologically mediated effects. Perspect. Phycol. 2: 11-30. https://doi.org/10.1127/pip/2015/0019

Wernberg T., Russell B.D., Thompson M.S., et al. 2011. Seaweed communities in retreat from ocean warming. Curr. Biol. 21: 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2011.09.028 PMid:22036178

Wildpret W., Gil-Rodríguez M.C., Afonso-Carrillo J. 1987. Cartografía de los campos de algas y praderas de fanerógamas marinas del piso infralitoral del Archipiélago Canario. Departamento de Botánica, Facultad de Biología, Universidad de La Laguna. Tomos I, II y III.

Zhang Q.S., Li W., Liu S., et al. 2009. Size-dependence of reproductive allocation of Sargassum thunbergii (Sargassaceae, Phaeophyta) in Bohai Bay, China. Aquat. Bot. 91: 194-198. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquabot.2009.06.003




Copyright (c) 2017 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Contact us scimar@icm.csic.es

Technical support soporte.tecnico.revistas@csic.es