Scientia Marina 2024-03-30T00:00:00+01:00 Josep Lloret Romañach Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Scientia Marina</strong> is a scientific journal published by <a title="Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">CSIC</a> and edited by the <a title="Institut de Ciències del Mar" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Institut de Ciències del Mar</a> that publishes original papers, reviews and comments concerning research in the following fields:</p> <p>- Marine Biology and Ecology<br />- Fisheries and Fisheries Ecology<br />- Systematics, Faunistics and Marine Biogeography<br />- Physical Oceanography<br />- Chemical Oceanography<br />- Marine Geology.</p> <p>Emphasis is placed on articles of an interdisciplinary nature and of general interest.</p> <p>Founded in 1955 under the title of <em>Investigación Pesquera</em> adopts its current name in 1989. It began to be available online in 2007, in PDF format, maintaining printed edition until 2014. That year it became an electronic journal publishing in PDF, HTML and XML-JATS. Contents of previous issues are also available in PDF files.</p> <p><strong>Scientia Marina </strong> is indexed in <a title="WOS" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Web of Science</a>: <a title="JCR" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Journal Citation Reports</a> (JCR), <a title="SCI" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Science Citation Index Expanded</a> (SCI), <a title="CC" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Current Contents</a> - Agriculture, Biology &amp; Environmental Sciences, <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Zoological Record</a> and <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">BIOSIS Previews</a>; <a title="SCOPUS" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">SCOPUS</a>, <a title="CWTSji" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">CWTS Leiden Ranking</a> (Journal indicators) Core publication, <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">REDIB</a>, <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">DOAJ</a> and other national and international databases. It is indexed in Latindex Catalogue 2.0 and has obtained the FECYT Seal of Quality.</p> <p><strong style="color: #800000;">Journal Impact Factor (JIF)</strong> 2022 (2 years): <strong>1.400</strong><br /><strong style="color: #800000;">Journal Impact Factor (JIF)</strong> 2022 (5 years): <strong>1.800</strong><br /><strong style="color: #800000;">Rank by JIF:</strong> <strong>63</strong>/106 (Q3, Marine &amp; Freshwater Research)<br />Source: <a title="Clarivate Analytics" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Clarivate Analytics</a>©, <a title="JCR" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Journal Citation Reports</a>®</p> <p><strong style="color: #800000;">Journal Citation Indicator (JCI)</strong> 2022: <strong>0.57</strong><br /><strong style="color: #800000;">Rank by JCI:</strong> <strong>55</strong>/114 (Q2, Marine &amp; Freshwater Research)<br />Source: <a title="Clarivate Analytics" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Clarivate Analytics</a>©, <a title="JCR" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Journal Citation Reports</a>®</p> <p><strong style="color: #800000;">Eigenfactor / Percentile </strong>2022: <strong>0.00069</strong><br /><strong style="color: #800000;">Article influence/ Percentile </strong>2022: <strong>0.389</strong><br /><strong style="color: #800000;">Eigenfactor Category:</strong> Ecology and Evolution<br />Source: University of Washington©, <a title="EigenFACTOR" href=";searchby=issn&amp;orderby=year" target="_blank" rel="noopener">EigenFACTOR</a>®</p> <table style="width: 100%; border-spacing: 0px; border-collapse: collapse; margin-top: 40px;"> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 33%; text-align: left; vertical-align: top;"> <p class="check">Open Access</p> <p class="check">No APC</p> <p class="check">Indexed</p> <p class="check">Original Content</p> </td> <td style="width: 33%; text-align: left; vertical-align: top;"> <p class="check">Peer Review</p> <p class="check">Ethical Code</p> <p class="check">Plagiarism Detection</p> <p class="check">Digital Identifiers</p> </td> <td style="width: 33%; text-align: left; vertical-align: top;"> <p class="check">Interoperability</p> <p class="check">Digital Preservation</p> <p class="check">Research Data Policy</p> <p class="check">PDF, HTML, XML-JATS</p> <p class="check">Online First</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Evidence of economic benefits from marine protected areas 2024-03-18T12:10:38+01:00 Mark John Costello <p>Marine protected areas (MPAs) have been used for biodiversity conservation for decades. However, critics argue that evidence of their economic benefits is weak, particularly with regard to fisheries. This continued opposition to MPAs for fisheries slows progress towards conservation targets and undermines the economic and ecological sustainability of the oceans. This paper provides 48 examples of fishery-related and 31 of tourism-related economic benefits in 25 and 24 countries, respectively. There was no evidence of net costs of MPAs to fisheries anywhere. Fishery benefits included increased fish stocks, catch volumes, catch per unit effort, fecundity and larval export, and larger fish and lobsters. Well-designed and enforced MPAs provide sustainable benefits for fishing communities and even sub-optimally designed MPAs can provide economic advantages. MPAs represent one of the best strategies for maintaining the sustainable exploitation of marine resources.</p> 2024-03-27T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) Length-weight relationships of 15 mesopelagic shrimp species caught during exploratory surveys off the Canary Islands (central eastern Atlantic) 2024-02-28T11:50:40+01:00 Airam Guerra-Marrero Catalina Caballero-Méndez Ana Espino-Ruano Lorena Couce-Montero David Jiménez-Alvarado José J. Castro <p>Length-weight relationships (LWRs) were estimated for 15 mesopelagic shrimp species off the Canary Islands (central eastern Atlantic). Total length, cephalothorax length and total weight were taken for individuals collected during three research campaigns using a commercial semi-pelagic trawl net. The most represented families among the collected species were Sergestidae and Oplophoridae, with eight and three species, respectively. Overall, 60% of the species showed isometric growth, 33.3% negative allometry and 6.7% positive allometry. These 15 LWRs are the first contribution on mesopelagic shrimp species from the northwest Africa region, contributing to knowledge on the relative growth of these crustaceans.</p> 2024-02-28T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) Morphological and molecular evidence of cryptic speciation in sympatric colour morphotypes of Mycale (Carmia) cecilia (Porifera: Poecilosclerida) from the Mexican Pacific 2024-03-15T11:11:23+01:00 Ana Castillo-Páez Raúl Llera-Herrera José Antonio Cruz-Barraza <p>Identifying cryptic species is pivotal for understanding marine biodiversity and optimizing strategies for its conservation. A robust understanding of poriferan diversity is a complex endeavour. It has also been extremely hampered by the high phenotypic plasticity and the limited number of diagnostic characters.&nbsp;<em>Mycale</em>&nbsp;(<em>Carmia</em>)&nbsp;<em>cecilia</em>&nbsp;has different body colours, even among individuals living together. We tested whether the colour variation could be due to polymorphism, phenotypic plasticity or cryptic speciation. Phylogenetic reconstructions of nuclear and mitochondrial loci were congruent. Individuals of different body colour did not cluster together and had high levels of genetic divergence. Furthermore, the green morphotype clustered in almost all reconstructions with&nbsp;<em>Mycale</em>&nbsp;(<em>C.</em>)&nbsp;<em>phyllophila</em>, as both showed higher gene similarity at the transcriptomic level (public transcriptome). Morphologically, the green individuals consistently showed discrepancies from the red ones. These results suggest that all individuals with the same body colour, either red or green, correspond to the same species, while individuals with different body colours probably belong to different species. These results reveal high levels of morphologic and genetic diversity, which could have important implications for what is known as&nbsp;<em>M.</em>&nbsp;(<em>C.</em>)&nbsp;<em>cecilia</em>&nbsp;and the Mycalidae systematics.</p> 2024-03-15T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) Enhancing the utility of known-biomass production models: a case study of the Bay of Biscay and Iberian Coast ecoregion 2024-03-14T10:00:12+01:00 Mohamed Yosri Zanni Marta Cousido-Rocha Santiago Cerviño Maria Grazia Pennino <p>Our general purpose is to support the use of known-biomass production models (KBPMs), illustrating their usefulness by addressing the evolution of surplus production (SP) over time and the factors affecting it (e.g. environment). We also demonstrate the utility of KBPMs for multispecies management objectives or for estimating maximum sustainable yield reference points without a stock recruitment function, among other worthwhile applications. To do so, we present different uses of KBPMs, illustrating their application on demersal species in the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) area, specifically for megrim, white anglerfish and European hake stocks. The proposed analytical approach involved fitting single-species and multispecies KBPMs, conducting retrospective analyses and assessing the effects of environmental variability on SP. The findings show that, in general, stock SP increased after a decline in biomass and SP, except for white anglerfish in the southern area. Megrim stocks are the least productive, while hake and northern anglerfish are the most productive. Retrospective analysis revealed SP shifts in northern hake stock for reasons other than biomass variability. Hence, the North Atlantic Oscillation and the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO), two key climate variability modes in the North Atlantic, were tested for their links to SP, revealing a positive connection between SP and AMO, although further research is necessary. Beyond the specific results of our particular KBPM application, our main conclusion is that KBPMs can serve as a tool complementary to more complex assessment models for resolving unaddressed issues and crosschecking available assessment results.</p> 2024-03-14T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)