Scientia Marina, Vol 73, No S2 (2009)

Stock structure of black scabbardfish (Aphanopus carbo Lowe, 1839) in the southern northeast Atlantic


https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.2009.73s2089

Leonel Serrano Gordo
Departamento de Biologia Animal and Centro de Oceanografia, Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal

Irineu Baptista
Unidade de Valorização dos Produtos da Pesca e da Aquicultura, IPIMAR, Portugal

Lucília Carvalho
Departamento de Estatística e Investigação Operacional, Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal

Valentina Costa
Departamento de Oceanografia e Pescas, Universidade dos Açores, Portugal

Cristina Cruz
Departamento de Zoologia e Antropologia, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade do Porto, Portugal

Jorge C. Eiras
Departamento de Zoologia e Antropologia, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade do Porto, Portugal

Inês Farias
Unidade de Recursos Marinhos e Sustentabilidade, IPIMAR, Portugal

Ivone Figueiredo
Unidade de Recursos Marinhos e Sustentabilidade, IPIMAR, Portugal

Helena Lourenço
Unidade de Valorização dos Produtos da Pesca e da Aquicultura, IPIMAR, Portugal

Pedro Bordalo-Machado
Unidade de Recursos Marinhos e Sustentabilidade, IPIMAR, Portugal

Ana Neves
Departamento de Biologia Animal and Centro de Oceanografia, Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal

Maria Leonor Nunes
Unidade de Valorização dos Produtos da Pesca e da Aquicultura, IPIMAR, Portugal

Sara Reis
Direcção de Serviços de Investigação das Pescas, Portugal

Maria João Santos
Departamento de Zoologia e Antropologia, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade do Porto, Portugal

Aurélia Saraiva
Departamento de Zoologia e Antropologia, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade do Porto, Portugal

Ana Rita Vieira
Departamento de Biologia Animal and Centro de Oceanografia, Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal

Abstract


Black scabbardfish stock structure is still unknown in European waters where, due to the scarcity of biological information, the ICES considers that there is a single stock unit. This study is the final outcome of a scientific project that applies a holistic approach to research on the population structure of the black scabbardfish and aims to define the most appropriate strategy for the conservation of this resource in southern NE Atlantic waters. The factors studied include life history parameters, otolith shape analysis, parasites, landings-and-effort data and contaminants. Sampling was conducted between 2005 and 2007 in three areas of the southern NE Atlantic: mainland Portugal, Madeira and the Azores. The mainland and the Azores have an established commercial fishery, whereas the Azores has only an exploratory fishery. The majority of results indicated the existence of different stocks of black scabbardfish in the study area. Of the 8 parameters, 6 were in agreement with separate stocks between the mainland and Madeira, 5 were in agreement with separate stocks between the mainland and the Azores, and 4 were in agreement with separate stocks between Madeira and the Azores.

Keywords


Aphanopus carbo; black scabbardfish; stock identity; holistic approach; Northeast Atlantic

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References


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