Scientia Marina, Vol 78, No 3 (2014)

Seasonal photoacclimation patterns in the intertidal macroalga Cystoseira tamariscifolia (Ochrophyta)


https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.04053.05A

Paula S. M. Celis-Plá
Departamento de Ecología, Universidad de Málaga - Laboratorio de Botánica, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Barcelona, Spain

Nathalie Korbee
Departamento de Ecología, Universidad de Málaga, Spain

Amelia Gómez-Garreta
Laboratorio de Botánica, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Barcelona, Spain

Félix L. Figueroa
Departamento de Ecología, Universidad de Málaga, Spain

Abstract


Cystoseira tamariscifolia thalli collected from rocky shores and rockpools in winter and summer in Southern Spain were incubated for 7 days in UV transparent cylindrical vessels under outdoor conditions. Photosynthetic activity estimated as in vivo chlorophyll α fluorescence of photosystem II, photosynthetic pigments, antioxidant activity (DPPH assay), phenolic compounds and total internal C and N contents were determined after short-term (3 d) and mid-term (7 d) periods. Maximum quantum yield of PSII (Fv/Fm) was significantly higher in field-collected algae and after 7 d incubation in winter than in summer. In rocky shores and rockpools thalli, maximum electron transport rate (ETRmax) and photosynthetic efficiency (αETR) were much higher in summer than in winter. ETR of outdoor-grown thalli (in situ ETR) showed a daily pattern, with a decrease at noon in both winter and summer (3rd and 7th days). We found much higher antioxidant activity in thalli collected in summer than in winter. However, the concentration of internal UV screen substances (polyphenols) was higher in winter than in summer, whereas the release of phenolic compounds was lower. The highest capacity of acclimation in C. tamariscifolia found in summer and RS with emersion periods was explained by the highest dynamic photoinhibition, energy dissipation (non-photochemical quenching) and antioxidant activity (EC50).

Keywords


antioxidant activity; Cystoseira tamariscifolia; phenolic compounds; photoinhibition; photoprotection

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References


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