Scientia Marina, Vol 83, No S1 (2019)

Stability of the relationships among demersal fish assemblages and environmental-trawling drivers at large spatio-temporal scales in the northern Mediterranean Sea


https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.04954.30A

Bastien Mérigot
MARBEC - Université de Montpellier, CNRS, France
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5264-4324

Jean Claude Gaertner
Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), UMR 241 Ecosystèmes Insulaire Océanique (EIO), Université de Polynésie française, French Polynesia
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9248-6260

Anik Brind’Amour
Institut Français de Recherche pour l’Exploitation de la Mer (Ifremer), Département Ecologie et Modèles pour l’Halieutique (EMH), France
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4072-2588

Pierluigi Carbonara
COISPA Tecnologia e Ricerca, Stazione Sperimentale per lo Studio delle Risorse del Mare, Italy
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2529-2535

Antonio Esteban
Instituto Español de Oceanografía (IEO), Centro Oceanográfico de Murcia, Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2896-7972

Cristina Garcia-Ruiz
Instituto Español de Oceanografía (IEO), Centro Oceanográfico de Málaga, Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2767-4200

Michele Gristina
Institute of Anthropic Impacts and Sustainability in marine environment (CNR), Italy
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3639-7655

Taha Imzilen
MARBEC - Université de Montpellier, CNRS, France
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8257-9113

Angélique Jadaud
MARBEC - Université de Montpellier, CNRS, France
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6858-3570

Aleksandar Joksimovic
Institute of Marine Biology, University of Montenegro, Montenegro
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0796-4641

Stefanos Kavadas
Institute of Marine Biological Resources and Inland Waters, Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Greece
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3473-9084

Jerina Kolitari
Aquaculture and Fishery Laboratory Durres, Agricultural University, Albania
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6116-8726

Irida Maina
Institute of Marine Biological Resources and Inland Waters, Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Greece
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5244-2722

Porzia Maiorano
Department of Biology, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Italy
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5737-3025

Chiara Manfredi
Laboratorio di Biologia Marina e Pesca di Fano, Dipto. B.E.S., Università di Bologna, Italy
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2852-4856

Reno Micallef
Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture, Ministry for Sustainable Development, the Environment and Climate Change (MSDEC), Malta
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1921-508X

Panagiota Peristeraki
Institute of Marine Biological Resources and Inland Waters, Hellenic Center for Marine Research - University of Crete, Biology Department, Greece
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8608-078X

Giulio Relini
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, dell’Ambiente e della Vita (DISTAV), Italy
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2502-5581

Mario Sbrana
Consorzio per il Centro Interuniversitario di Biologia Marina ed Ecologia Applicata, Italy
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9562-8372

Maria Teresa Spedicato
COISPA Tecnologia e Ricerca, Stazione Sperimentale per lo Studio delle Risorse del Mare, Italy
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9939-9426

Ioannis Thasitis
Department of Fisheries and Marine Research, Ministry of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environment, Cyprus
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0940-2212

Stefania Vittori
Dipartimento di Scienze della vita e dell’ambiente, Università di Cagliari, Italy
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6857-0470

Nedo Vrgoc
Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, Croatia
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5208-4512

Abstract


Trawling pressure and environmental changes may affect the composition of fish assemblages. Our knowledge on large spatio-temporal patterns of demersal fish composition remains incomplete for the Mediterranean Sea. We investigated (1) the spatio-temporal stability of demersal assemblages, (2) the relationships between these assemblages and potential structuring factors (trawling pressure and environmental conditions) in order to assess the dynamic of the assemblage structure at the scale of the northern Mediterranean Sea. We analysed a dataset of 18062 hauls from 10 to 800 m depth performed annually during the last two decades across 17 Geographical Sub-Areas (GSAs) (MEDITS program). A multi-table analysis (STATICO-CoA) evidenced a strong inter-GSAs stability in the organization of assemblages, with specificities for some GSAs. The most stable structuring factors were linked to combined gradients of chlorophyll a, phytoplancton carbon biomass and temperature, inversely correlated with depth, salinity and nutrient gradients (axis 1 of the STATICO-CoA compromise, 93.74% of the total variability). A common pattern linking the distribution of species to these environmental gradients was evidenced for most of the 17 GSAs. Estimate of trawling pressure showed a minor role in the organization of the assemblages for the spatial scale and years investigated (axis 2, 4.67%).

Keywords


species composition; stability; demersal assemblages; environment; fishing pressure; large scale; co-inertia analysis; STATICO-CoA

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