Scientia Marina, Vol 81, No 1 (2017)

Identification of a non-native Cynoscion species (Perciformes: Sciaenidae) from the Gulf of Cádiz (southwestern Spain) and data on its current status


https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.04494.21A

Rafael Bañón
Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas, CSIC - Grupo de Estudos do Medio Mariño (GEMM), Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6038-9335

Alberto Arias
Instituto de Ciencias Marinas de Andalucía, CSIC, Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5883-3078

Diego Arana
Agencia de Gestión Agraria y Pesquera de Andalucía, Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6638-4105

Jose A. Cuesta
Instituto de Ciencias Marinas de Andalucía, CSIC, Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9482-2336

Abstract


Cynoscion is a genus of fish in the family Sciaenidae from the Atlantic and Pacific American coasts that is important in recreational and commercial fisheries. Morphological analysis identifies a species inhabiting the Gulf of Cádiz (southern Spain) as the weakfish, Cynoscion regalis, a native of the northwest Atlantic. This finding is also confirmed by molecular identification using 16S and Cox1genes. Based on the examination of a previous manuscript, the assignation of this species to the spotted seatrout, Cynoscion nebulosus, is considered a misidentification. C. regalis has been reported in the area since 2011 and is now considered an established species that is distributed along the Guadalquivir River estuary and is a target of local artisanal fisheries. The pathway of introduction is unknown, but possible mechanisms are considered, of which ballast water seems to be the most plausible. A revision of non-native sciaenids also found in European waters is carried out. The ecological impact of weakfish on the local fish community is still unknown and should be object of future studies.

Keywords


biological invasion; marine introduction; weakfish; Cynoscion regalis; Guadalquivir estuary; taxonomy

Full Text:


HTML PDF XML

References


Acosta J.J., Canoura J., Juárez, A. 2013. First record of Cynoscion nebulosus in the Spanish waters of the Gulf of Cadiz (ICES Division IXa South). Mar. Biodiv. Rec. 6: 1-3. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1755267213000870

Agentschap voor Natuuren Bos. 2011. DNA ontmaskert de verdachte. Vislijn - Infoblad voor de openbare visserij in Vlaanderen. Jaargang 2011, p. 28.

Ba-ón R., Arronte J.C., Barros-García D., et al. 2013. Taxonomic study of Bathygadidae fishes (Gadiformes) from Atlantic Spanish waters combining morphological and molecular approaches. Zootaxa 3746: 552-566. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3746.4.3 PMid:25113496

Ba-ón R., Barros-García D., Mucientes G., et al. 2014. Northernmost records of Pagrus auriga (Sparidae) and Pomadasys incisus (Haemulidae) in the eastern Atlantic. Acta Ichthiol. Piscat. 44: 323-327. https://doi.org/10.3750/AIP2014.44.4.07

Bariche M., Torres M., Smith C., et al. 2015. Red Sea fishes in the Mediterranean Sea: a preliminary investigation of a biological invasion using DNA barcoding. J. Biogeogr. 42: 2363-2373. https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.12595

Béarez P., Gabriel S., Dettai A. 2016. Unambiguous identification of the non-indigenous species Cynoscion regalis (Sciaenidae) from Portugal. Cybium 40: 245-248.

Casatti L. 2002. Petilipinnis, a new genus for Corvina grunniens Schomburgk, 1843 (Perciformes, Sciaenidae) from the Amazon and Essequibo river basins and redescription of Petilipinnis grunniens. Papêpis Avulsos Zool. 42: 169-181. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0031-10492002000700001

Chao N.L. 2002a. Taxonomy of the seatrout, genus Cynoscion (Pisces, Sciaenidae), with artificial keys to the species. In: Bortone S.A. (ed), Biology of the spotted seatrout. CRC Marine Biology Series, Boca Raton, pp. 5-15. https://doi.org/10.1201/9781420040791.ch2

Chao N.L. 2002b. Scianidae. Croakers. In: Carpenter K.E. (ed.), FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Atlantic, Bony fishes part 2 (Opistognathidae to Molidae), sea turtles and marine mammals, Vol. 3. FAO, Rome, pp. 1583-1653.

Chen W.J., Ruiz-Carus R., Ortis G. 2007. Relationships among four genera of mojarras (Teleostei: Perciformes: Gerreidae) from the western Atlantic and their tentative placement among percomorph fishes. J. Fish Biol. 79: 202-218. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8649.2007.01395.x

Chicharo M.A., Leitao T., Range P., et al. 2009. Alien species in the Guadiana Estuary (SE-Portugal/SW-Spain): Blackfordia virginica (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa) and Palaemon macrodactylus (Crustacea, Decapoda): potential impacts and mitigation measures. Aquat. Inv. 4: 501-506. https://doi.org/10.3391/ai.2009.4.3.11

Crandall K.A., Fitzpatrick J.F.J. 1996. Crayfish molecular systematics: using a combination of procedures to estimate phylogeny. Syst. Biol. 45: 1-26. https://doi.org/10.1093/sysbio/45.1.1

Criado-Aldeanueva F., García-Lafuente J., Vargas J.M., et al. 2006. Distribution and circulation of water masses in the Gulf of Cadiz from in situ observations. Deep-Sea Res. 53: 1144-1160. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2006.04.012

Cuesta J.A., González-Ortegón E., Drake P., et al. 2004. First record of Palaemon macrodactylus Rathbun, 1902 (Decapoda, Caridea, Palaemonidae) from European waters. Crustaceana 77: 377-380. https://doi.org/10.1163/1568540041181466

Estoup A., Largiader C.R., Perrot E., et al. 1996. Rapid one-tube DNA extraction for reliable PCR detection of fish polymorphic markers and transgenes. Mol. Mar. Biol. Biotec. 5: 295-298.

Farias C., González-García E., Gil J., et al. 2012. New records of rare fish species for the Gulf of Cádiz. ISMS12 International Symposium in Marine Sciences, (Poster).Cadiz, Spain, 24-26 Enero 2012.

Galil B.S., Marchini A., Occhipinti-Ambrogi A., et al. 2014. International arrivals: widespread bioinvasions in European Seas. Ethol. Ecol. Evol. 26: 152-171. https://doi.org/10.1080/03949370.2014.897651 PMid:24899770 PMCid:PMC4034525

Hulme P.E., Bacher S., Kenis M., et al. 2008. Grasping at the routes of biological invasions: a framework for integrating pathways into policy. J. Appl. Ecol. 45: 403-414. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2007.01442.x

Katsanevakis S., Wallentinus I., Zenetos A., et al. 2014. Impacts of invasive alien marine species on ecosystem services and biodiversity: a pan-European review. Aquat. Inv. 9: 391-423. https://doi.org/10.3391/ai.2014.9.4.01

Lassuy D.R. 1983. Species profiles: 1ife histories and environmental requirements (Gulf of Mexico)-spotted seatrout. U.S. Fish and Wild-1ife Service, Division of Biological Services. FWS/ OBS-82111.4.U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, TR EL-82-4. 14 pp.

Lewis L.A., Richardson D.E., Zakharov E.V., et al. 2016. Integrating DNA barcoding of fish eggs into ichthyoplankton monitoring programs. Fish. Bull. 114: 153-165. https://doi.org/10.7755/FB.114.2.3

Liao Y., Chen L., Shao K. 2010. The predatory Atlantic red drum, Sciaenops ocellatus, has invaded the western Taiwanese coast in the Indo-West Pacific. Biol Invasions 12: 1961-1965. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10530-009-9642-x

Lo P.C., Liu S.H., Chao N.L., et al. 2015. A multi-gene dataset reveals a tropical New World origin and Early Miocene diversification of croakers (Perciformes: Sciaenidae). Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 88: 132-143. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2015.03.025 PMid:25848970

Lloris D. 2015. Ictiofauna marina. Ed. Omega, Barcelona, 680 pp.

Lowerre-Barbieri S.K., Chittenden M.E., Barbieri L.R. 1996. The multiple spawning pattern of weakfish in the Chesapeake Bay and Middle Atlantic Bight. J. Fish Biol. 48: 1139-1163. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8649.1996.tb01811.x

McEachran J.D., Fechhelm J.D. 2005. Fishes of the Gulf of Mexico, Scorpaeniformes to Tetraodontiformes, Vol. 2. Univ. Texas Press, Austin, 1014 pp.

Mercer L.P. 1989. Species profiles: 1ife histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (Mid-Atlantic)- weakfish. U.S. Fish Wildl. Serv. Biol. Rep. 82(11.109). U. S. Army Corps of Engineers, TR EL-82-4.17 pp.

Molnar J.L., Gamboa R.L., Revenga C., et al. 2008. Assessing the global threat of invasive species to marine biodiversity. Front. Ecol. Environ. 6: 458-492. https://doi.org/10.1890/070064

Nelson J.S. 2006. Fishes of the World, 4th ed. John Wiley and Sons, New York, 601 pp.

Oral M. 2010. Alien fish species in the Mediterranean/Black Sea Basin. J. Black Sea/ Mediterranean Environment 16: 87-132.

Orsi-Relini L. 2002. Occurrence of the South-American fish Pinguipes brasilianus in the Mediterranean. Cybium 26: 147-149.

Quéro J.C., Porche P., Vayne, J.J. 2003. Guide des poissons de l'Atlantique européen. Delachaux and Niestlé, Paris, 465 pp.

Schubart C.D., Cuesta J.A., Felder D.L. 2002. Glyptograpsidae, a new brachyuran family from Central America: larval and adult morphology, and a molecular phylogeny of the Grapsoidea. J. Crustac. Biol. 22: 28-44. https://doi.org/10.1163/20021975-99990206

Schubart C.D., Huber M.G.J. 2006. Genetic comparisons of German populations of the stone crayfish, Austropotamobius torrentium (Crustacea: Astacidae). Bull. Fr. Pêche Piscic. 380-381: 1019-1028. https://doi.org/10.1051/kmae:2006008

Seyoum S., Barthel B.L., Tringali M.D., et al. 2013. Phylogenetic relationships among four Western Atlantic Cynoscion. Gulf of Mexico Sci. 31: 40-49.

Silva L., Gil J., Sobrino I. 2002. Definition of fleet components in the Spanish artisanal fishery of the Gulf of Cadiz (SW Spain ICES division IXa). Fish. Res. 59: 117-128. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0165-7836(01)00420-9

Stevens M., Rappé G., Maes J., et al. 2004. Micropogonias undulatus (L.), another exotic arrival in European waters. J. Fish Biol. 64: 1143-1146. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8649.2004.00369.x

Tamura K., Stecher G., Peterson D., et al. 2013. MEGA6: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis version 6.0. Mol. Biol. Evol. 30: 2725-2729. https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/mst197 PMid:24132122 PMCid:PMC3840312

Vergara-Chen C., Aguirre W.E., González-Wangüemert M., et al. 2009. A mitochondrial DNA based phylogeny of weakfish species of the Cynoscion group (Pisces: Sciaenidae). Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 53: 602-607. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2009.06.013 PMid:19573613

Wonham M.J., Carlton J.T., Ruiz G.M., et al. 2000. Fish and ships: relating dispersal frequency to success in biological invasions. Mar. Biol. 136: 1111-1121. https://doi.org/10.1007/s002270000303




Copyright (c) 2017 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Contact us scimar@icm.csic.es

Technical support soporte.tecnico.revistas@csic.es