Scientia Marina, Vol 79, No 4 (2015)

Bioaccumulation and subacute toxicity of mechanically and chemically dispersed heavy fuel oil in sea urchin (Glyptocidaris crenulari)


https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.04223.30B

Bailin Yang
School of Resources and Materials, Northeastern University at Qinhuangdao Branch, China

Deqi Xiong
College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Dalian Maritime University, China

Abstract


Oil spills have a disastrous ecological impact on ecosystems but few data are available for the effects of dispersed oil on benthic marine organisms. In order to provide information for assessment, we analysed the hydrocarbon compositions of the mechanically dispersed water accommodated fraction (MDWAF) and the chemically dispersed water accommodated fraction (CDWAF) of No. 120 fuel oil, their bioaccumulation, and DNA damage related to oil exposure, using the sea urchin as a sentinel organism. The results show that the concentration of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon in the tissues of sea urchin exposed to the CDWAF is higher than that of those exposed to the MDWAF. The single cell gel electrophoresis assay results also indicated higher DNA damage from exposure to the CDWAF of oil. Thus, dispersants should be applied with caution in oil spill accidents.

Keywords


No. 120 fuel oil; dispersant; sea urchin; bioaccumulation; DNA damage; subacute toxicity

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