Scientia Marina, Vol 72, No S1 (2008)

Otolith atlas for the western Mediterranean, north and central eastern Atlantic


https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.2008.72s17

Victor M. Tuset
Instituto Canario de Ciencias Marinas, Departamento de Biología Pesquera, Spain

Antoni Lombarte
Institut de Ciències del Mar-CSIC, Departament de Recursos Marins Renovables, Spain

Carlos A. Assis
Instituto de Oceanografia e Departamento de Biologia Animal, Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal

Abstract


The sagittal otolith of 348 species, belonging to 99 families and 22 orders of marine Teleostean fishes from the north and central eastern Atlantic and western Mediterranean were described using morphological and morphometric characters. The morphological descriptions were based on the otolith shape, outline and sulcus acusticus features. The morphometric parameters determined were otolith length (OL, mm), height (OH, mm), perimeter (P; mm) and area (A; mm2) and were expressed in terms of shape indices as circularity (P2/A), rectangularity (A/(OL×OH)), aspect ratio (OH/OL; %) and OL/fish size. The present Atlas provides information that complements the characterization of some ichthyologic taxa. In addition, it constitutes an important instrument for species identification using sagittal otoliths collected in fossiliferous layers, in archaeological sites or in feeding remains of bony fish predators.

Keywords


otolith; sagitta; morphology; morphometry; western Mediterranean; north eastern Atlantic; central eastern Atlantic

Full Text:


PDF

References


Abilhôa, V. and M.F.M. Corrêa. – 1992/93. Catálogo de otólitos de Carangidae (Osteichthyes – Perciformes) do Litoral do Estado do Paraná, Brasil. Neritica, 7: 119-131.

Adams, L.A. – 1940. Some characteristic otoliths of American ostariophysi. J. Morphol., 66: 497-527. doi:10.1002/jmor.1050660307

Agafonova, T.B. – 1994. Systematics and distribution of Cubiceps (Nomeidae) of the World Ocean. J. Ichthyol., 34: 116-143.

Aguirre, H. and A. Lombarte. – 1999. Ecomorphologic comparisons of sagittae in Mullus barbatus and M. surmuletus. J. Fish Biol., 55: 105-114.

Aguirre, W.E. – 2003. Allometric growth of the sulcus in Cynoscion spp. (Sciaenidae). J. Fish Biol., 63: 1341-1346. doi:10.1046/j.1095-8649.2003.00238.x

Akkiran, N. – 1985. A Systematic study on Carangidae (Pisces) Employing the otolith characters in the Eastern Mediterranean. Bilješke-Notes, 63: 1-9.

Assis, C.A. – 1993. On the systematics of Macrorhamphosus scolopax (Linnaeus, 1758) and Macrorhamphosus gracilis (Lowe, 1839). Multivariate morphometric analysis. Nova Série, 22: 383-402.

Assis, C.A. – 2000. Estudo morfológico dos otólitos sagitta, ssteriscus e lapillus de Teleósteos (Actinopterygii, Teleostei) de Portugal continental. Sua aplicação em estudos de filogenia, fistemática e ecologia. PhD thesis, University of Lisbon.

Assis, C.A. – 2003. The lagenar otoliths of teosts: their morphology and its application in species identification, phylogeny and systematics. J. Fish. Biol., 62: 1268-1295. doi:10.1046/j.1095-8649.2003.00106.x

Assis, C.A. – 2004. Guia para a identificação de algumas famílias de peixes ósseos de Portugal continental, através da morfologia dos seus otólitos sagitta. Câmara Municipal de Cascais, Cascais.

Assis, C.A. – 2005. The utricular otoliths, lapilli, of teleosts: the morphology and relevance for species identification and systematics studies. Sci Mar., 69: 259-273.

Baremore, I.E. and D.M. Bethea. – 2005. Guide to otoliths from fishes of the Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic Ocean.

Bauzá-Rullán, J. – 1954. Contribución al conocimiento de la ictiología actual y fósil de España. Bol. R. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat Geol., 52: 63-71.

Bauzá-Rullán, J. – 1956. Notas sobre otolitos de peces actuales. Bol. R. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. Biol., 54: 119-133.

Bauzá-Rullán, J. – 1957. Contribución al conocimiento de los otolitos de peces. Bol. R. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. Biol., 55: 187-195.

Bauzá-Rullán, J. – 1958. Otolitos de peces actuales. Bol. R. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. Biol., 56: 111-126.

Bauzá-Rullán, J. – 1960a. Contribución al conocimiento de otolitos de peces. Bol. R. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. Biol., 57: 89-98.

Bauzá-Rullán, J. – 1960b. Contribución al conocimiento de otolitos de peces. Bol. R. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. Biol., 57: 99-118.

Bauzá-Rullán, J. – 1961. Contribución al conocimiento de los otolitos de peces actuales. Bol. R. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. Biol., 59: 153-168.

Bauzá-Rullán, J. – 1962. Contribución al estudio de los otolitos de peces. Bol. R. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. Biol., 60: 5-26.

Bauzá-Rullán, J. – 1968. Contribución al conocimiento de los otolitos de peces actuales Bol. R. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. Biol., 66: 105-114.

Berdar, A.L. and F. Li Greci. – 1986. Contribution to morphology and studies on the otolithes of a specimen belonging to Microichthys sanzoi Spartà, 1950 (Pisces, Apogonidae) stranded along the beach of «Cape Peloro» Messina (Sicily). Oebalia, N. S., 13: 33-47.

Berinkey, L. – 1956. The taxonomical examination of the otoliths of the Cyprinidae of Hungary. Ann. Hist.-Nat. Mus. Natio. Hungarici, 7: 455-462.

Berinkey, L. – 1957. The taxonomical examination of the otoliths of the Teleostean Fishes of Hungary. Ann. Hist.-Nat. Mus. Natio. Hungarici, 8: 401-412.

Bird, J.L., D.T. Eppler, D.M. Jr. Checkley. – 1986. Comparison of herring otoliths using Fourier series shape analysis. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 43: 1228-1234.

Blacker, R.W. – 1969. Chemical composition of the zones in cod (Gadus morhua L.) otoliths. J. Cons. Int. Explor. Mer, 33: 107-108.

Bortone, S.A. – 1977. Osteological notes on the genus Centropristis (Pisces: Serranidae). Northeast Gulf Sci., 1: 23-33.

Boulineau-Coatanea, F. – 1968. Étude anatomique et descriptive des otolithes (sagitta) du bar (Morone labrax) (Poissons, Téléostéens, Perciformes, Serranidae). Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 2, 40: 474-484.

Breiby, A. – 1985. Otolitter fra saltvannsfisker i Nord-Norge. Tromura Naturvitenskap, 45: 1-31.

Brzobohaty, R., and D. Nolf. -1996. Otolithes de yctophidés (poisons téleóstéens) des terrains tertiaires d’Europe: révision des genres Benthosema, Hygophum, Lampadena, Notoscopelus et Symbolophorus. Bull. Inst. R. Sci. Nat. Bel., 66: 151-176.

Campana, S.E. – 2004. Photographic atlas of fish otoliths of the Northwest Atlantic ocean. Can. Spec. Publ. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 133: 1-284.

Campana, S.E. and J.M. Casselman. – 1993. Stock discrimination using otolith shape analysis. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 50: 1062-1083.

Campbell, R.B. – 1929. Fish otoliths, their occurrence and value as stratigraphic markers. J. Paleontol., 3: 254-279.

Carlström, D. – 1963. A crystalographic study of vertebrate otoliths. Biol. Bull., 125: 441-463. doi:10.2307/1539358

Cardinale, M., P. Doering-Arjes, M. Kastowsky and H. Mosegaard. – 2004. Effects of sex, stock, and environment on the shape of known-age Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) otoliths. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 61: 158–167. doi:10.1139/f03-151

Carter, H.J. – 1983. Apagesoma edentatum, a new genus and species of ophidiid fish from the Western North Atlantic. Bull. Mar. Sci., 33: 94-101.

Casadevall, M., J. Matallanas, M. Carrasson and M. Muñoz. – 1996. Morphometric, meristic and anatomical differences between Ophidion barbatum L., 1758 and O. rochei Müller, 1845 (Pisces, Ophidiidae). Publ. Esp. Inst. Esp. Oceanogr., 21: 45-61.

Casteel, R.W. – 1974. Identification of the species of Pacific salmon (Genus Oncorhynchus) native to North America based upon otoliths. Copeia, 2: 305-311. doi:10.2307/1442524

Castonguay, M., P. Simard and P. Gagnon. – 1991. Usefulness of Fourier analysis of otolith shape for Atlantic mackerel (Scomber scombrus) stock discrimination. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 48, 296-302. doi:10.1139/f91-041

Cavallaro, G., F. Munaó, A. Cefali and F. Soldano. – 1978. Contributo alla conoscenza della biologia e biometria di Pomatoschistus tortonesei Miller. Mem. Biol. Mar. Oceanogr., 8: 35-50.

Cermeño, P., B. Morales-Nin and A. Uriarte. – 2006. Juvenile European anchovy otolith microstructure. Sci. Mar., 70(3): 553-557.

Chaine, J. – 1935. Recherches sur les otolithes des poissons. Étude descriptive et comparative de la sagitta des Téléostéens. Actes Soc. Linn. Bord, 87: 5-242.

Chaine, J. – 1936. Recherches sur les otolithes des poissons. Étude descriptive et comparative de la sagitta des Téléostéens. Actes Soc. Linn. Bord, 88: 5-246.

Chaine, J. – 1937. Recherches sur les otolithes des poissons. Étude descriptive et comparative de la sagitta des Téléostéens. Actes Soc. Linn. Bord, 89: 5-252.

Chaine, J. – 1938. Recherches sur les otolithes des poissons. Étude descriptive et comparative de la sagitta des Téléostéens. Actes Soc. Linn. Bord, 90: 5-258.

Chaine, J. – 1941-42. Recherches sur les otolithes des poissons. Étude descriptive et comparative de la sagitta des Téléostéens. Actes Soc. Linn. Bord, 92: 5-135.

Chaine, J. – 1956. Recherches sur les otolithes des poissons. Étude descriptive et comparative de la sagitta des téléostéens. Bull. Cent. Etud. Rech. Sci., 1: 159-275.

Chaine, J. – 1957. Recherches sur les otolithes des poissons. Étude descriptive et comparative de la sagitta des téléostéens. Bull. Cent. Etud. Rech. Sci., 1: 465-557.

Chaine, J. – 1958. Recherches sur les otolithes des poissons. Étude descriptive et comparative de la sagitta des Téléostéens. Bull. Cent. Etud. Rech. Sci., 2: 141-233.

Chaine, J. and J. Duvergier. – 1922. Sur les otolithes des poissons. P.V. Soc. Linn. Bord, 74: 57-58.

Chaine, J. and J. Duvergier. – 1923. Terminologie employée dans l’étude des otolithes. P.V. Soc. Linn. Bord, 75: 61-63.

Chaine, J. and J. Duvergier. – 1927. Distinction des Gadus capelanus, minutus et luscus par leur sagitta. C. R. Hebd. Seances Acad. Sci. Paris, 184: 977-978.

Chaine, J. and J. Duvergier. – 1928a. Contribution à la détermination des espèces de poissons du genre Mugil. C.R. Hebd. Seances Acad. Sci. Paris, 186: 253-255.

Chaine, J. and J. Duvergier. – 1932. Sur la différenciation de poissons du genre Ophidium par leurs otolithes. C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris, 194: 1978-1980.

Chaine, J. and J. Duvergier. – 1934. Recherches sur les otolithes des poissons. étude descriptive et comparative de la sagitta des Téléostéens. Actes Soc. Linn. Bord, 86:5-254.

Collette, B.B. and L.N. Chao. – 1975. Systematics and morphology of the bonitos (Sarda) and their relatives (Scombridae, Sardini). Fish. Bull., 73: 516-625.

Cordier, R and A. Dalcq. – 1954. Organe stato-acoustique. In P.P. Grassé (ed.), Traité de Zoologie, vol. XII, pp. 453-521. Masson, Paris,

Corrêa, M.F.M. and M.S Vianna. – 1992/93. Catálogo de otólitos de Sciaenidae (Osteichthyes - Perciformes) do litoral do estado do Paraná, Brasil. Neritica, 7:1 3-41.

Cruz, A. and Lombarte, A. – 2004. Otolith size and their relationship with colour pattern and sound production. J. Fish Biol., 65: 1512-1525 doi:10.1111/j.0022-1112.2004.00558.x

Cyrus, D.P. and S.J.M. Blaber. – 1982. Species identification, distribution and abundance of Gerreidae (Teleostei) Bleeker, 1859 in the estuaries of Natal. S. Afr. J. Zool., 17: 105-116.

Daget, J. – 1962. Le genre Citharidium (Poissons, Characiformes). Bull. Inst. Fr. Afr. Noire A, 24: 505-522.

Degens, E.T., W.G. Deuser and R.L Haedrich. – 1969. Molecular structure and composition of fish otoliths. Mar. Biol., 2: 105-113. doi:10.1007/BF00347005

Duffin, C.J. – 2007. Fish otoliths and folklore: a survey. Folklore, 118: 78-90. doi:10.1080/00155870601095671

Eschmeyer, W.N., C.J. Jr. Ferraris, M.D. Hoang and D.J. Long. – 1998. Part I. Species of fishes. In: W.N. Eschemeyer (ed.), Catalog of fishes. California Academy of Sciences Special publications, San Francisco.

Eziuzo, E.N.C. – 1963. The identification of otoliths from West African demersal fish. Bull. Inst. Fr. Afr. Noire A, 25: 488-512.

Fitch, J.E. and L.W. Barker. – 1972. The fish family Moridae in the Eastern North Pacific with notes on Morid otoliths, caudal skeletons, and the fossil record. Fish. Bull., 70: 565-584.

Fitch, J.E. and W.L. Craig. – 1964. First records for the Bigeye thresher (Alopias superciliosus) and Slender tuna (Allothunnus fallai) from California, with notes on eastern pacific scombrid otoliths. Calif. Fish Game, 50: 195-206.

Friedland, K.D. and D.G. Reddin. – 1994. Use of otolith morphology in stock discriminations of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 51: 91-98. doi:10.1139/f94-011

Froese, R. and D. Pauly (eds.). – 2007. FishBase. www.fishbase.org.

Frost, G.A. – 1925a. A comparative study of the otoliths of the Neopterygian fishes. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 9, 15: 152-163.

Frost, G.A. – 1925b. A comparative study of the otoliths of the Neopterygian fishes. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 9, 15: 553-561.

Frost, G.A. – 1925c. A comparative study of the otoliths of the Neopterygian fishes. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 9, 16: 433-446.

Frost, G.A. – 1926a. A comparative study of the otoliths of the Neopterygian fishes. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 9, 18: 465-482.

Frost, G. A . – 1926b. A comparative study of the otoliths of the Neopterygian fishes. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 9, 18: 99-104.

Frost, G.A. – 1926c. A comparative study of the otoliths of the Neopterygian fishes. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 9, 18: 483-490.

Frost, G.A. – 1927a. A comparative study of the otoliths of the Neopterygian fishes. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 9, 19: 439-445.

Frost, G.A. – 1927b. A comparative study of the otoliths of the Neopterygian fishes. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 9, 20: 298-305.

Frost, G.A. – 1928a. A comparative study of the otoliths of the Neopterygian fishes. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 10, 1: 451-456.

Frost, G.A. – 1928b. A comparative study of the otoliths of the Neopterygian fishes. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 10, 2: 328-331.

Frost, G.A. – 1929a. A comparative study of the otoliths of the Neopterygian fishes. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 10, 4:1 20-130.

Frost, G.A. – 1929b. A comparative study of the otoliths of the Neopterygian fishes. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 10, 4: 257-264.

Frost, G.A. – 1930a. A comparative study of the otoliths of the Neopterygian fishes. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 10, 5: 231-239.

Frost, G. A. – 1930b. A comparative study of the otoliths of the neopterygian fishes. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 10, 5: 621-627.

Furlani, D., R. Gales and D. Pemberton. – 2007. Otoliths of common australian temperate fish. A photographic guid, pp. 208. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood.

Gaemers, P.A.M. – 1980. Bibliography of otolith literature. Palaeoichthyological Newsletter, 1: 6-12.

Gaemers, P.A.M. – 1982. Bibliography of otolith literature (part 2). Palaeoichthyological Newsletter, 2: 10-32.

Gaemers, P.A.M. – 1984. Taxonomic position of the Cichlidae (Pisces, Perciformes) as demonstrated by the morphology of their otoliths. Neth. J. Zool., 34: 566-595. doi:10.1163/002829684X00290

Gaemers, P.A.M. – 1995. Bibliography of otolith literature (part 3). Palaeoichthyological Newsletter, 3: 9-49.

García-Godos, I. – 2001. Patrones morfológicos del otolito sagitta de algunos peces óseos del Mar Peruano. Bol. Inst. Mar Perú, 20: 1-83.

Gauldie, R.W. – 1988. Function, form and time-keeping properties of fish otoliths. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. A, 91: 395-402. doi:10.1016/0300-9629(88)90436-7

Girone, A., D. Nolf and H. Cappetta. – 2006. Pleistocene fish otoliths from the Mediterranean Basin,: a synthesis. Geobios, 39: 651-671. doi:10.1016/j.geobios.2005.05.004

Grassé, P.P. – 1958. L’oreille et ses anexes. In: P. P. Grassé (ed.), Traité de Zoologie, vol. XIII, pp. 1063-1098. Masson and Cie, Paris.

Griffiths, M.H. and P.C. Heemstra. – 1995. A contribution to the taxonomy of the marine fish genus Argyrosomus (Perciformes: Sciaenidae), with descriptions of two new species from southern Africa. Ichthyol. Bull. JLB. Smith Inst. Ichthyol., 65: 1-40.

Harder, W. – 1975. Anatomy of fishes. E. Schweigerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Stuttgart, 612 p.

Härkönen, T. – 1986. Guide to the otoliths of the bony fishes of the Northeast Atlantic. Danbiu ApS., Hellerup.

Hawkins, A.D. – 1993. Underwater Sound and Fish Behaviour. In: T.J. Pitcher (ed.), Behaviour of Teleost Fishes, pp 129-169. Chapman and Hall, London.

Hecht, T. – 1978. A descriptive systematic study of the otoliths of the Neopterygean marine fishes of South Africa. Part I. Introduction. Trans. R. Soc. S. Afr., 43: 191-197.

Hecht, T. – 1987. A guide to the otoliths of Southern Ocean fishes. S. Afr. J. Antarct. Res., 17: 1-87.

Hecht, T. and Hecht, A. – 1978. A descriptive systematic study of the otoliths of the Neopterygean marine fishes of South Africa. Part II. The delimitation of Teleost Orders, Some systematic notes and a provisional new phyletic order sequence. Trans. R. Soc. S. Afr., 43: 198-218.

Hensley, D.A. and M.J. Smale. – 1997. A new species of the flatfish genus Chascanopsetta (Pleuronectiformes: Bothidae), from the coasts of Kenya and Somalia with comments on C. lugubris. J. L. B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology Special Publications, 59: 1-16.

Higgins, E.T. – 1868. On the otolites of fish, and their value as a test in verifying recent and fossil species. J. Linn. Soc., 9: 157-166. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.1867.tb00278.x

Hildebrand, M. – 1988. Analysis of vertebrate structure. John Wiley and Sons, New York.

Hofstaetter, M., R.S Godefroid and P.H.B. Lemos. – 1996. Morfologia dos otólitos de Umbrina coroides e Umbrina canosai (Pisces – Sciaenidae) do litoral do estado do Paraná, Brasil. Arq. Biol. Tecnol., 39: 157-164.

Hureau, J.C. – 1962. Étude descriptive de l’otolithe (sagitta) de quelques Téléostéens antarctiques. Bull. Soc. Zool. Fr., 87: 533-546.

Huyghebaert, B. and D. Nolf. – 1979. An annotated bibliography of paleontological and systematic papers on fish-otoliths, published since 1968. Meded. Werkgr. Tert. Kwart. Geol., 16: 139-170.

Jobling, M. – 1995. Environmental Biology of Fishes. Chapman and Hall, London..

Jonet, S. – 1972-73. Étude des otolithes des Téléostéens (Pisces) du Miocène des environs de Lisbonne. Comunic. Serv. Geol. Portugal, 56: 107-294.

Koken, E. – 1884. Ueber Fisch-Otolithen, insbesondere über diejenigen der norddeutschen Oligocän-Ablagerungen. Z. Dt. Geol. Ges., 36: 500-565.

Koken, E. – 1888. Neue Untersuchungen and tertiären Fisch-Otolithen. Z. Dt. Geol. Ges., 40: 274-305.

Koken, E. – 1891a. Neue Untersuchungen an tertiären Fisch-Otolithen, II. Z. Dt. Geol. Ges., 43: 77-170.

Koken, E. – 1891b. Otolithen. Palaeontographica, 38: 37-40.

Kotthaus, A. – 1974. Fische des Indischen Ozeans. Ergebnisse der ichthyologischen Untersuchungen während der Expedition des Forschungsschiffes “Meteor” in dem Indischen Ozean, Oktober 1964 bis Mai 1965. A. Systematischer Teil, XI Percomorphi. “Meteor” Forsch.-Ergebnisse, (D), 17: 33-54.

Lagler, K., J.E. Bardach, R.R. Miller and D.R.M., Passino. – 1977. Ichthyology. John Wiley and Sons, New York.

Lemos, P.H.B., M.F.M. Corrêa and V. Abolhôa. – 1992/93. Catálogo de otólitos de Gerreidae (Osteichthyes – Perciformes) do litoral do estado do Paraná, Brasil. Neritica, 7: 109-117.

Lemos, P.H., M.F.M. Corrêa and P.C. Pinheiro. – 1995a. Catálogo de otólitos de Engraulidae (Clupeiformes - Osteichthyes) do Litoral do estado do Paraná, Brasil. Arq. Biol. Tecnol., 38: 731-745.

Lemos, P.H., M.F.M. Corrêa and P.C. Pinheiro. – 1995b. Catálogo de otólitos de Clupeidae (Clupeiformes - Osteichthyes) do litoral do estado do Paraná, Brasil. Arq. Biol. Tecnol., 38: 747-759.

Li Greci, F. – 1981. Nota sugli otoliti dell’organo stato-acustico del pesce spada, Xiphias gladius (L.). Mem. Biol. Mar. Oceanogr., 11: 37-45.

Lombarte, A. – 1992. Changes in otolith area: sensory area ratio with body size and depth. Environ. Biol. Fish, 33: 405-410. doi:10.1007/BF00010955

Lombarte, A. and A. Castellón. – 1991. Interspecific and intraspecific variability in the genus Merluccius as determined by image analysis. Can. J. Zool., 69: 2442-2449.

Lombarte, A., Ò. Chic, V. Parisi-Baradad, R. Olivella, J. Piera and E. García–Ladona. - 2006. A web-based environment from shape analysis of fish otoliths. The AFORO database. Sci. Mar., 70: 147-152.

Lombarte, A. and A. Cruz. - 2007. Otolith size trends in marine communities from different depth strata. J. Fish Biol., 71: 53-76. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8649.2007.01465.x

Lombarte, A. and B. Morales-Nin. – 1995. Morphology and ultrastructure of saccular otoliths from five species of the genus Coelorinchus (Gadiformes, Macrouridae) from the Southeast Atlantic. J. Morphol., 225: 179-192. doi:10.1002/jmor.1052250204

Lowenstein, O. – 1971. The Labyrinth. In: W.S. Hoar and D.J. Randall (eds.), Fish Physiology Vol. V, pp. 207-240. Academic Press, New York.

Lychakov, D.V. and Rebane, Y.T. – 2000. Otolith regularities. Hear. Res., 143: 83-102. doi:10.1016/S0378-5955(00)00026-5

Lychakov, D.V., Y.T. Rebane, A. Lombarte, L.A. Fuiman and A. Takabayashi. – 2006. Fish otolith asymmetry: morphometry and modeling. Hear. Res., 219: 1-11. doi:10.1016/j.heares.2006.03.019

Martin, T.J. and P.C. Heemstra. – 1988. Identification of Ambassis species (Pisces: Perciformes, Ambassidae) from South Africa. S. Afr. J. Zool., 23: 7-12.

Martínez, V. and G. Monasterio de Gonzo. – 1988. Morfologia de otolitos de Heptapterus mustelinus (Valenciennes, 1840) (Pimelodidae) su relación con parametros dimensionales. Rev. Asoc. Cienc. Nat. Litor. St. Tome, 19: 27-37.

Matallanas, J. – 1983. Primera captura de Cataetyx alleni (Byrne, 1906) (Pisces, Bythitidae) en el Mediterráneo español. Invest. Pesq., 47: 413-418.

Matallanas, J. – 1986. Nansenia iberica, a new species of Microstomatidae (Pisces, Salmoniformes). Cybium, 10: 193-198.

Menni, R.C. and A.M. Miquelarena. – 1979. Dimorfismo sexual y status de Centriscops obliquus maculatus Pozzi y Bordale, 1936 (Osteichthyes, Macrorhamphosidae). Acta Zool. Lillo., 35: 573-585.

Messieh, S.N., C. Mac Dougall and R. Claytor. – 1989. Separation of Atlantic herring (Clupea harengus) stocks in the southern Gulf of St. Lawrence using digitised otolith morphometrics and discriminant function analysis. Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 1647: 1- 22.

Mollo, S.M. – 1981. Otolitos de peces de la Laguna Chascomus (Provincia de Buenos Aires). análisis y consideraciones para su identificacion en estudios troficos. Limnobios, 2: 253-263.

Monteiro, L.R., A.P.M. Di Benedetto, L.H Guillermo and L.A Rivera. – 2005. Allometric changes and shape differentiation of sagitta otoliths in sciaenid fishes. Fish. Res., 74: 288-299. doi:10.1016/j.fishres.2005.03.002

Morales-Nin, B. – 1987. The influence of environmental factors on microstructure of otoliths of three demersal fish species caught off Namibia. In: A.I.L. Payne, J.A. Gulland and K.H. Brink (eds.). The Benguela and comparable ecosystem. S. Afr. J. mar. Sci., 5: 255-262.

Morales-Nin, B. and J. Panfili. Sclorochronological studies: Age estimation. – 2002. In: J. Panfili, H. de Puntual, H. Toradec, P.J. Wright (eds.), Manual of fish schlerochronology, pp. 91-98. Ifremer-IRD, Brest.

Moreno, E., A. Barrera and J. Carrillo. – 1979. Descripción de los otolitos de Stephanolepis hispidus (Linnaeus, 1766), Sphoeroides spengleri (Bloch, 1782) y Canthigaster rostrata (Bloch, 1786), Tetraodontiformes. Invest. Pesq., 43: 545-550.

Morrow, J.E. – 1977. Ilustrated keys to otoliths of forage fishes of the Gulf of Alaska, Bering Sea and Beaufort Sea. In: Environmental Assessment of the Alaskan Continental Shelf, pp. 757-825. Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Assessment Program, Boulder, Colorado, Morrow, J.E. – 1979. Preliminary keys to otoliths of some adult fishes of the Gulf of Alaska, Bering Sea and Beaufort Sea. NOAA Tech. Rep., 420.

Moyle, P.B. and J.J. Jr. Cech. – 1996. Fishes – an introduction to ichthyology. Prentice Hall, New Jersey.

Nafpaktitis, B.G. and J.R. Paxton. – 1968. Review of the Lanternf ish genus Lampadena with a description of a new species. Contrib. Sci., 138: 1-29.

Nelson, J.S. – 2006. Fishes of the world. 4th ed. John Wiley and Sons, Hoboken, New Jersey.

Nielsen, J.G. – 1986. Leptobrotula breviventralis, a new bathyal fish genus and species from the Indo-West Pacific (Ophidiiformes, Ophidiides). Copeia, 1: 166-170. doi:10.2307/1444902

Nielsen, J.G. – 1995. A review of the species of the genus Neobythites (Pisces: Ophidiidae) from the Western Indian Ocean, with descriptions of seven new species. Ichthyol. Bull. JLB. Smith Inst. Ichthyol., 62: 1-19.

Nijssen, H. – 1964. Otoliths of the Wolf-Fishes (Genus Anarrhichas Linnaeus, 1758) from the Northern Atlantic (Pisces, Perciformes). Beaufortia, 11: 179-183

Nolf, D. – 1979a. Contribution a l’étude des otolithes des poissons. I. Morphologie comparée des otolithes (sagittae) des Dentex de la Méditerranée et de l’Atlantique Tropical africain. Bull. Inst. r. Sci. Nat. Belg., 51: 1-13.

Nolf, D. – 1979b. Contribution a l’étude des otolithes des poissons. III. Arguments nouveaux pour le rapprochement des poissons Ophidoides et Gadiformes. Bull. Inst. r. Sci. Nat. Belg., 52: 1-9.

Nolf, D. – 1979c. Contribution a l’étude des otolithes des poissons. IV. A propos des Moridae. Bull. Inst. r. Sci. Nat. Belg., 52: 1-6.

Nolf, D. – 1985. Otolithi piscium. In: H.P. Schultze (ed.), Handbook of Paleoichthyology, 10, Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart.

Nolf, D. and E. Steurbaut. – 1989a. Relationships between Gadiforms and other groups. In: D.M. Cohen (ed.), Papers on the systematics of Gadiform fishes, Sci. Ser. Natl. Hist. Mus. L.A. Count., 32: 47-58.

Nolf, D. and E. Steurbaut. – 1989b. Evidence from otoliths for establishing relathionships within Gadiforms In: D.M. Cohen (ed.), Papers on the systematics of Gadiform fishes, Sci. Ser. Natl. Hist. Mus. L.A. Count., 32: 89-112.

Pannella, G. – 1971. Fish otoliths: daily growth layers and periodical patterns. Science, 173: 1124-1127. doi:10.1126/science.173.4002.1124

Paulin, C.D. – 1985. A new genus and species of deepwater Codfish (Pisces: Moridae) from New Zealand. N.Z. J. Zool., 12: 357-361.

Phillips, J.B. – 1942. Osteology of the Sardine (Sardinops caerulea). J. Morphol., 70: 463-500. doi:10.1002/jmor.1050700305

Pietsch, T.W. – 1972. A review of the monotypic deep-Sea Anglerfish family Centrophrynidae: Taxonomy, distribution and osteology. Copeia, 1: 17-47. doi:10.2307/1442779

Platt, C. and A.N. Popper. – 1981. Fine structure and function of the ear. In: W.N. Tavolga, A.N. Popper and R.R. Fay (eds.), Hearing and sound communication in fishes, pp 3-38. Springer-Verlag, New York.

Popper, A.N. and S. Coombs. – 1982. The morphology and evolution of the ear in Actinopterygian fishes. Am. Zool., 22: 311-328.

Popper, A.N. and C. Platt. – 1993. Inner ear and lateral line. In: D. Evans (ed.), The Physiology of Fishes, pp. 99-136. CRC Press, Boca Raton.

Porteiro, F.M., J.P. Barreiros and R.S. Santos. -1996. Wrasses (Teleostei: Labridae) of the Azores. Arquipélago, 14: 23-40.

Post, A. and T. Hecht. – 1977. Results of the research cruises of the F. R. V. “Walter Herwig” to South America XLIX. The otoliths of Diretmus Johnson, 1863 (Osteichthyes, Beryciformes, Diretmidae). Mitt. Hamburg. Zool. Mus. Inst., 74: 165-170.

Posthumus, O. – 1924. Otolithi piscium. In: C. Diener (ed.), Fossilium Catalogus, I: Animalia, Pars 24, Berlin.

Quignard, J.P. and C.I. Douchement, 1991a. Alosa alosa (Linnaeus, 1758). In: H. Hoestlandt (ed.), The Freshwater Fishes of Europe. Vol. 2 Clupeidae and Anguillidae, pp. 89-126. Aula-Verlag, Wiesbaden.

Quignard, J.P. and C.I. Douchement, 1991b. Alosa fallax fallax (Lacepède, 1803). In: H. Hoestlandt (ed.), pp. 225-253. The Freshwater Fishes of Europe. Vol. 2 Clupeidae and Anguillidae, Aula-Verlag, Wiesbaden.

Radtke, R.L., M. Collins and J.M. Dean. – 1982. Morphology of the otoliths of the Atlantic Blue marlin (Makaira nigricans) and their possible use in age estimation. Bull. Mar. Sci., 32: 498-503.

Ramcharitar, J., D.M. Higgs and A.N. Popper. – 2001. Sciaenid inner ears: a study in diversity. Brain Behav. Evol. 58: 152-162. doi:10.1159/000047269

Ramcharitar, J., X. Deng, D. Ketten and A.N. Popper. – 2004. Form and function in the unique inner ear of a teleost: the silver perch. J. Comp. Neurol., 475: 531-539. doi:10.1002/cne.20192 PMid:15236234

Reichenbacher, B. – 2004. A partly endemic euryhaline fish fauna (otoliths, teeth) from the Early Miocene of the Aix-Basin (Provence, southern France). Cour. Forsch.-Inst. Senckenberg, 246: 113-127.

Reichenbacher, B., U. Sienknecht, H. Küchenhoff and N. Fenske. – 2007. Combined otolith morphology and morphometry for assessing taxonomy and diversity in fossil and extant Killifish (Aphanius, †Prolebias). J. Morphol., 268: 898-915. doi:10.1002/jmor.10561 PMid:17674357

Rivaton, J. and P. Bourret. – 1999. Les otolithes des poissons de l’Indo-Pacifique. Doc. Sci. Tech., II 2: 1-378.

Rodríguez-Roda, J. – 1980. Presencia de la melva Auxis rochei (Risso, 1810), en las costas sudatlánticas de España. Invest. Pesq., 44: 169-176.

Romer, A.S. – 1966. Anatomía comparada (Vertebrados). Editorial Interamericana, México.

Rousset, J. – 1978. Rapport sur les soleides d’Algerie. III. Catalogue critique des otolithes. Bull. Cent. Rech. Océanogr. Pêches, 5: 15-44.

Rousset, J. – 1983. Etude des ecailles et otolithes des soleides d’Algerie. Cybium, 7: 71-96.

Sanz-Echeverría, J. – 1926. Datos sobre el otolito sagita de los peces de España. Bol. R. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat., 26: 145-160.

Sanz-Echeverría, J. – 1928. Investigaciones sobre otolitos de peces de España. Subord. Clupeiformes y Anguiliformes. Bol. R. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat., 28: 159-166.

Sanz-Echeverría, J. – 1929a. Investigaciones sobre otolitos de peces de Melilla. Bol. R. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat., 29: 71-80.

Sanz-Echeverría, J. – 1929b. Investigaciones sobre otolitos de peces de España. (Fams. Triglidae y Peristediidae). Mem. R. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat., 15: 285-289.

Sanz-Echeverría, J. – 1930. Investigaciones sobre otolitos de peces de España. Bol. R. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat., 30: 173-178.

Sanz-Echeverría, J. – 1931. Investigaciones sobre otolitos de peces de España. Bol. R. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat., 31: 369-374.

Sanz-Echeverría, J. – 1932. Sobre otolitos de los Apogónidos. Bol. R. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat., 32: 151-154.

Sanz-Echeverría, J. – 1935. Otolitos de los peces Gadiformes de España. Bol. R. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat., 35: 245-274.

Sanz-Echeverría, J. – 1936. Otolitos del género Mullus. Bol. R. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat., 36: 345-361.

Sanz-Echeverría, J. – 1937. Otolitos de los lábridos de España. Bol. R. Soc. Ibe. Hist. Nat., 37: 29-45.

Sanz-Echeverría, J. – 1941. Investigaciones sobre otolitos de peces de España (Fams. Cepolidae, Pomacentridae y Ophidiidae). Bol. R. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat., 39: 345-352.

Sanz-Echeverría, J. – 1943. Nota sobre otolitos de peces procedentes de las costas del Sáhara. Primera Parte: Fam. Sparidae. Notas Resum. Inst. Esp. Oceanogr. 2, 114: 3-31.

Sanz-Echeverría, J. – 1949. Identificación de los peces de la familia Centrolophidae de España por medio de los otolitos. Bol. R. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat., (Tomo extraordinario): 151-156.

Sanz-Echeverría, J. – 1950. Notas sobre otolitos de peces procedentes de las costas del Sahara. Segunda Parte. Bol. Inst. Esp. Oceanogr., 27: 1-14.

Schmidt, W. – 1968. Vergleichend morphologische Studie über die Otolithen mariner Knochenfische. Archiv für Fischereiwissenschaft, 19: 1-96.

Schwarzhans, W. – 1972. Der Wert von morphologischen Merkmalen der Teleosteer-Otolithen (Sagitta) für höhere systema tische Rangstufen (mit Beispielen und Problemfragen). Meded. Werkgr. Tert. Kwart. Geol., 9: 106-116.

Schwarzhans, W. – 1978. Otolith morphology and its usage for higher systematical units, with special reference to the Myctophiformes s.l. Meded. Werkgr. Tert. Kwart. Geol., 15: 167-185.

Schwarzhans, W. – 1980. Die tertiäre Teleosteer-Fauna Neuseelands, rekonstruiert anhand von Otolithen. Berliner Geowissenschaftliche Abhndlungen, 26: 1-211.

Schwarzhans, W. – 1993. A comparative morphological treatise of recent and fossil otoliths of the Family Sciaenidae (Perciformes). In: F.H. Pfeil (ed.), München, Piscium Catalogus, Part Otolithi Piscium, 1, München.

Schwarzhans, W. – 1999. A comparative morphological treatise of recent and fossil otoliths of the Order Pleuronectiformes In: F.H. Pfeil (ed.), München, Piscium Catalogus, Part Otolithi Piscium, 2, München.

Sideleva, V.G. and L.V. Zubina. – 1990. Otolith structure in ecologically different species of Baikal cottoidei. 1. Morphology. J. Ichthyol., 30: 127-137.

Smale, M.J., G. Watson and T. Hecht. – 1995. Otolith atlas of Southern African marine fishes. Ichthyol. Monogr. JLB. Smith Inst. Ichthyol. 1.

Stinton, F. – 1975. Fish otoliths from the english Eocene. Part 1. Palaeontol. Soc. Monogr., 129: 1-56.

Tilak, R. – 1963. Studies on the comparative morphology of the otoliths of Indian siluroids. Zool. Anz., 173: 181-201.

Torres, G.J., A. Lombarte and B. Morales-Nin. – 2000. The feasibility of sagittal otolith size and shape variability to identify geographical intraspecific differences in three species of the genus Merluccius. J. Mar Biol. Ass. U.K., 80: 333-342. doi:10.1017/S0025315499001915

Tuset, V.M., A. Lombarte, J.A. González, J.F. Pertusa and M.J. Lorente. – 2003a. Comparative morphology of the sagittal otolith in Serranus spp. J. Fish Biol., 6: 1491-1504. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8649.2003.00262.x

Tuset, V.M., I.J. Lozano, J.A. González, J.F. Pertusa and M.M. García-Díaz. – 2003b. Shape indices to identify regional differences in otolith morphology of comber, Serranus cabrilla (L., 1758). J. Appl. Ichthyol., 19: 88-93. doi:10.1046/j.1439-0426.2003.00344.x

Tuset., V.M., P.L. Rosin and A. Lombarte. – 2006. Sagittal otolith shape as useful tool for the identification of fishes. Fish. Res., 81: 316-325.

Volpedo, A.V. and D.D. Echeverría. – 2000. Catálogo y claves de otolitos para la identificación de peces del Mar Argentino. 1. Peces de Importância Económica. Editorial Dunken, Buenos Aires.

Volpedo, A.V. and D.D. Echeverría. – 2003. Ecomorphological patterns of the sagitta in fish on the continental shelf off Argentine. Fish. Res., 60: 551-560. doi:10.1016/S0165-7836(02)00170-4

Weichert, C.K. and W. Presch. – 1981. Elementos de anatomia de los cordados. McGraw-Hill, México.

Weiler, W. – 1942. Die Otolithen des rehinischen und nordwetdeuschen. Tetiars. Abh. R.A. Bodenforsh. N.F., 206: 1-140.

Weiler, W. – 1963. Die fisch fauna des Tertiärs im oberrheinischen Graben, des Mainzer Beckens, des unteren Maintals und der Wetterau, unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des Untermiozäns. Abh. Senckenb. Naturf. Ges., 504: 1-75.

Weiler, W. – 1968a. Otolithi Piscium. In: F. Westphal (ed.), Fossilium Catalogus, I: Animalia, Pars 117, Berlin.

Weiler, W. – 1968b. Die Otolithen der bathypelagischen Familie Melamphaidae und ihre systematische Bedeutung (Pisces). Senckenb. Biol., 49: 223-230.

Williams, R. and A. McEldowney. – 1990. A guide to the fish otoliths from waters off the Australian Antarctic Territory, Heard and Macquarie Islands. Anare Research Notes, 75: 1-173.

Wirtz, P. – 1976. The otoliths of the Mediterranean Tripterygion. Vie Milieu, 26: 293-298.

Woydack, A. and B. Morales-Nin. – 2001. Growth patterns and biological information in fossil fish otoliths. Paleobiology, 27(2): 369-378. doi:10.1666/0094-8373(2001)027<0369:GPABII>2.0.CO;2

Yefanov, V.N. and L.D. Khorevin. – 1979. Distinguishing populations of Pink salmon, Oncorhynchus gorbuscha, by the size of their otoliths. J. Ichthyol., 19: 142-145.




Copyright (c) 2008 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Contact us scimar@icm.csic.es

Technical support soporte.tecnico.revistas@csic.es