Influence of climate on seawater quality and green mussel production
Keywords:air temperature, rainfall, seawater quality, climate change, cultivation area, Perna viridis
This study aimed to investigate the relationships between atmospheric parameters, seawater quality and green mussel production which were cultured in pond, estuary and coastal areas. Seawater and mussel samples were collected from mussel farms in the inner Gulf of Thailand from January to December 2019. Climate data were obtained from the Thai Meteorological Department. The correlations between selected atmospheric and seawater parameters were developed using linear and non-linear models. The influence of seawater quality on mussel production was evaluated using principal component analysis and stepwise multiple linear regression. The effects of atmospheric variation on green mussel productivity were simulated. The results showed that high air temperature and rainfall caused an increase in seawater temperature and a decrease in salinity, respectively. It was observed that the most influential factors affecting mussel production were nutrients and dissolved oxygen in ponds, temperature and salinity in estuaries, and nutrients and pH in coastal areas. The simulation indicated that mussel production can deteriorate when air temperature reaches 34°C and rainfall is higher than 200 mm per month. Our results suggest that under climate change events, locations with less riverine influence can provide higher mussel productivity. These results can be used as a guideline for farmers during a climate change event.
Al-Awadhi J.M., Al-Dousari A.M., Khalaf F.I. 2014. Influence of land degradation on the local rate of dust fallout in Kuwait. Atmos. Clim. Sci. 4: 437. https://doi.org/10.4236/acs.2014.43042
Alosairi Y., Alsulaiman N., Karam Q. 2019. Responses of salinity and chlorophyll-a to extreme rainfall events in the northwest Arabian Gulf: Emphasis on Shatt Al-Arab. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 149: 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2019.110564 PMid:31543493
Budhavant K.B., Rao P.S.P., Safai P.D., Ali K. 2009. Chemistry of monsoon and post-monsoon rains at a high altitude location, Sinhagad, India. Aerosol Air Qual. Res. 9: 65-79. https://doi.org/10.4209/aaqr.2008.07.0033
Coulliette A.D., Noble R.T. 2008. Impacts of rainfall on the water quality of the Newport River Estuary (Eastern North Carolina, USA). J. Water Health 06: 473-482. https://doi.org/10.2166/wh.2008.136 PMid:18401112
Department of Fisheries. 2020. Fisheries Statistics of Thailand 2018. Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, Thailand. 88 pp.
Donaghy L., Volety A.K. 2011. Functional and metabolic characterization of hemocytes of the green mussel, Perna viridis: in vitro impacts of temperature. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 31: 808-814. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsi.2011.07.018 PMid:21787866
Duarte C., Navarro J.M., Acuña K., et al. 2014. Combined effects of temperature and ocean acidification on the juvenile individuals of the mussel Mytilus chilensis. J. Sea Res. 85: 308-314. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seares.2013.06.002
Fang J.K.H., Wu R.S.S., Chan A.K.Y., et al. 2008. Influences of ammonia-nitrogen and dissolved oxygen on lysosomal integrity in green-lipped mussel Perna viridis: laboratory evaluation and field validation in Victoria Harbour, Hong Kong. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 56: 2052-2058. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2008.08.003 PMid:18789457
Firth L.B., Knights A.M., Bell S.S. 2011. Air temperature and winter mortality: Implications for the persistence of the invasive mussel, Perna viridis in the intertidal zone of the south-eastern United States. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 400: 250-256. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2011.02.007
Fitzer S.C., Cusack M., Phoenix V.R., Kamenos N.A. 2014. Ocean acidification reduces the crystallographic control in juvenile mussel shells. J. Struct. Biol. 188: 39-45. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsb.2014.08.007 PMid:25180664
Goh B.P.L., Lai C.H. 2014. Establishing the thermal threshold of the tropical mussel Perna viridis in the face of global warming. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 85: 325-331. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2013.10.041 PMid:24239310
Gu H., Shanga Y., Clements J., et al. 2019. Hypoxia aggravates the effects of ocean acidification on the physiological energetics of the blue mussel Mytilus edulis. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 149: 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2019.110538 PMid:31454614
Hader D.-P., Barnes P.W. 2019. Comparing the impacts of climate change on the responses and linkages between terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Sci. Total Environ. 682: 239-246. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.05.024 PMid:31121350
Hansen J., Sato M., Ruedy R., et al. 2006. Global temperature change. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103: 14288-14293. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0606291103 PMid:17001018 PMCid:PMC1576294
Harvey R., Lye L., Khan A., Paterson R. 2013. The influence of air temperature on water temperature and the concentration of dissolved oxygen in Newfoundland rivers. Can. Water Resour. J. 36: 171-192. https://doi.org/10.4296/cwrj3602849
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). 2013. Summary for policymakers. In: Stocker T.F., Qin D., Plattner G.-K. et al. (eds), Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.
Irisarri J., Fernández-Reiriz M.-J., De Troch M., Labarta U. 2014. Fatty acids as tracers of trophic interactions between seston, mussels and biodeposits in a coastal embayment of mussel rafts in the proximity of fish cages. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B 172-173: 105-115. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpb.2014.04.006 PMid:24807617
Johnson F. 1971. Stream temperatures in an alpine area. J. Hydrol. 14: 322-336. https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-1694(71)90042-4
Khan M.F., Maulud K.N.A., Latif M.T., et al. 2018. Physicochemical factors and their potential sources inferred from long-term rainfall measurements at an urban and a remote rural site in tropical areas. Sci. Total Environ. 613-614: 1401-1416. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.08.025 PMid:29898507
Liss P.S. 1973. Processes of gas exchange across an air-water interface. Deep-Sea Res. Oceanogr. Abstr. 20: 221-238. https://doi.org/10.1016/0011-7471(73)90013-2
McFarland K., Donaghy L., Volety A.K. 2013. Effect of acute salinity changes on hemolymph osmolality and clearance rate of the non-native mussel, Perna viridis , and the native oyster, Crassostrea virginica, in Southwest Florida. Aquat. Invasions 8: 299-310. https://doi.org/10.3391/ai.2013.8.3.06
Meng P.-J., Tew K.S., Hsieh H.-Y., Chen C.-C. 2017. Relationship between magnitude of phytoplankton blooms and rainfall in a hyper-eutrophic lagoon: A continuous monitoring approach. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 124: 897-902. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.12.040 PMid:28007389
Morrill J.C., Bales R.C., Conklin M.H. 2001. The relationship between air temperature and stream temperature. American Geophysical Union, Spring Meeting 2001, abstract id. H42A-09
Park J.-H., Inam E., Abdullah M.H., et al. 2011. Implications of rainfall variability for seasonality and climate-induced risks concerning surface water quality in East Asia. J. Hydrol. 400: 323-332. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2011.01.050
Pilditch C.A., Widdows J., Kuhn N.J., et al. 2008. Effects of low tide rainfall on the erodibility of intertidal cohesive sediments. Cont. Shelf Res. 28: 1854-1865. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.csr.2008.05.001
Ren J.S., Fox S.P., Howard-Williams C., et al. 2019. Effects of stock origin and environment on growth and reproduction of the green-lipped mussel Perna canaliculus. Aquaculture 505: 502-509. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2019.03.011
Riani E., Cordova M.R., Arifin Z. 2018. Heavy metal pollution and its relation to the malformation of green mussels cultured in Muara Kamal waters, Jakarta Bay, Indonesia. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 133: 664-670. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2018.06.029 PMid:30041363
Sanjayasari D., Jeffs A. 2019. Optimising environmental conditions for nursery culture of juvenile Greenshell™ mussels (Perna canaliculus). Aquaculture 512: 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2019.734338
Sasikumar G., Krishnakumar P.K. 2011. Aquaculture planning for suspended bivalve farming systems: The integration of physiological response of green mussel with environmental variability in site selection. Ecol. Indic. 11: 734-740. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2010.06.008
Sipaúba-Tavares L.H., Guariglia C.S.T., Braga F.M.S. 2007. Effects of rainfall on water quality in six sequentially disposed fishponds with continuous water flow. Braz. J. Biol. 67: 643-649. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1519-69842007000400008 PMid:18278315
Sivalingam P.M. 1977. Aquaculture of the green mussel, Mytilus viridis Linnaeus, in Malaysia. Aquaculture 11: 297-312. https://doi.org/10.1016/0044-8486(77)90079-5
Song C., Pabst A., Bowers C. 1973. Stochastic analysis of air and water temperatures. J. Environ. Eng. 99: 785-800. https://doi.org/10.1061/JEEGAV.0000117
Sui Y., Kong H., Shang Y., et al. 2016. Effects of short-term hypoxia and seawater acidification on hemocyte responses of the mussel Mytilus coruscus. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 108: 46-52. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.05.001 PMid:27207025
Valiela I., Camilli L., Stone T., et al. 2012. Increased rainfall remarkably freshens estuarine and coastal waters on the Pacific coast of Panama: Magnitude and likely effects on upwelling and nutrient supply. Glob. Planet. Change 92-93: 130-137. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloplacha.2012.05.006
Wang Y., Menghong H., Shin P.S.K., Cheung S.G. 2011. Immune responses to combined effects of hypoxia and high temperature in the green-lipped mussel Perna viridis . Mar. Pollut. Bull. 63: 201-208. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2011.05.035 PMid:21722923
Wang Y., Hu M., Cheung S.G., et al. 2012. Immune parameter changes of hemocytes in green-lipped mussel Perna viridis exposure to hypoxia and hyposalinity. Aquaculture 356-357: 22-29. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2012.06.001
Wendling C.C., Huhn M., Ayu N., et al. 2013. Habitat degradation correlates with tolerance to climate-change related stressors in the green mussel Perna viridis from West Java, Indonesia. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 71: 222-229. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2013.03.004 PMid:23660441
White R.H., Toumi R. 2014. River flow and ocean temperatures: The Congo River. J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 119: 2501-2517. https://doi.org/10.1002/2014JC009836
Wirmvem M.J., Ohba T., Fantong W.Y., et al. 2014. Origin of major ions in monthly rainfall events at the Bamenda Highlands, North West Cameroon. J. Env. Sci. 26: 801-809. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1001-0742(13)60502-1
Wu F., Lu W., Shang Y., et al. 2016. Combined effects of seawater acidification and high temperature on hemocyte parameters in the thick shell mussel Mytilus coruscus. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 56: 554-562. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsi.2016.08.012 PMid:27521590
Xu H., Zhang Y., Zhu X., Zheng M. 2019. Effects of rainfall-runoff pollution on eutrophication in coastal zone: A case study in Shenzhen Bay, southern China. Hydrol. Res. 50: 1062-1074. https://doi.org/10.2166/nh.2019.012
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.© CSIC. Manuscripts published in both the printed and online versions of this Journal are the property of Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, and quoting this source is a requirement for any partial or full reproduction.
All contents of this electronic edition, except where otherwise noted, are distributed under a “Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International” (CC BY 4.0) License. You may read here the basic information and the legal text of the license. The indication of the CC BY 4.0 License must be expressly stated in this way when necessary.
Self-archiving in repositories, personal webpages or similar, of any version other than the published by the Editor, is not allowed.