Scientia Marina, Vol 80, No 3 (2016)

Can contrasting environmental conditions of mangroves induce morphological variability in Aratus pisonii (Crustacea: Brachyura: Sesarmidae)?


https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.04427.27A

Beatriz López-Sánchez
Laboratorio de Ecología y Genética de Poblaciones, Centro de Ecología, Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Científicas, Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of

Enrique Quintero-Torres
Laboratorio de Ecología y Genética de Poblaciones, Centro de Ecología, Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Científicas, Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of

Adriana Oliveiras-Durand
Laboratorio de Ecología y Genética de Poblaciones, Centro de Ecología, Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Científicas, Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of

Abstract


Aratus pisonii is one of the most common crab species in Neotropical mangroves. It shows great plasticity in its life history traits, which makes it an interesting subject for comparative studies. This study evaluated the morphometric variability in five populations of A. pisonii inhabiting mangroves with different degrees of structural development under contrasting environmental conditions. Mangrove forests located on the northwest coast of Venezuela were studied during the rainy season in 2006. The results showed morphometric differences and interaction between sampling sites and sex (PERMANOVA, P=0.0001), as well as the presence of five morphological groups in males and four in females. The findings support the existence of sexual dimorphism. Females from the dwarf hypersaline mangrove showed a wide variability associated with the chelipeds. The differences in crab morphology between sites seem to be related to a combination of environmental factors that is unique for each habitat, leading to the formation of different morphological groups, in which the mangrove structural development (resource availability) and salinity (which compromises the energy budget) play an important role. The presence of more robust chelipeds in females from the dwarf hypersaline mangrove seems to reflect an adaptation to the biomechanical properties of the leaves (sclerophylly).

Keywords


mangrove crab; classic morphometry; sexual dimorphism; multivariate methods; chelipeds

Full Text:


HTML PDF XML

References


Anastasiadou C., Leonardos I.D. 2008. Morphological Variation among Populations of Atyaephyra desmarestii (Millet, 1831) (Decapoda: Caridea: Atyidae) from Freshwater Habitats of Northwestern Greece. J. Crustac. Biol. 28: 240-247. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/20021975-99990370

Anderson M. 2001. A new method for non-parametric multivariate analysis of variance. Austral Ecol. 26: 32-46.

Anderson M., Willis T. 2003. Canonical analysis of principal coordinates: A useful method of constrained ordination for ecology. Ecology 84: 511-525. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/0012-9658(2003)084[0511:CAOPCA]2.0.CO;2

Anderson M., Gorley R., Clarke K. 2008. PERMANOVA+for PRIMER: guide to software and statistical methods. PRIMER-E, Plymouth, UK, 214 pp.

Bas C., Sardà F. 1998. Long-Term Morphometric Variations in a Population of the Deep-Sea Shrimp Aristeus antennatus (Risso, 1816) (Decapoda, Aristeidae). Crustac. Int. J. Crustac. Res. 71: 369-377. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/156854098x00482

Cabral H., Marques J., Rego A., et al. 2003. Genetic and morphological variation of Synaptura lusitanica Capello, 1868, along the Portuguese coast. J. Sea Res. 50: 167-175. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1385-1101(03)00060-1

Charnov E. 1990. Relative Size At the Onset of Maturity (Rsom) Is an Interesting Number in Crustacean Growth (Decapoda, Pandalidae). Crustac. Int. J. Crustac. Res. 59: 108-109. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/156854090x00381

Clarke K., Gorley R. 2006. Primer v6: User Manual/Tutorial. PRIMER-E, Plymouth, UK, 193 pp.

Conde J. 1990. Ecología poblacional del cangrejo de mangle Aratus pisonii (H. Milne-Edwards) (Brachyura: Grapsidae) en hábitats extremos. PhD thesis, Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Científicas, Caracas, 212 pp.

Conde J., Díaz H. 1989a. Productividad del habitat e historias de vida del cangrejo de mangle Aratus pisonii (H. Milne Edwards) (Brachyura, Grapsidae). Bol. Inst. Oceanogr. Venezuela 28: 113-120.

Conde J., Díaz H. 1989b. The mangrove tree crab Aratus pisonii in a tropical estuarine coastal lagoon. Est. Coast. Shelf Sci. 28: 639-650. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0272-7714(89)90051-6

Conde J., Díaz H. 1992. Variations in intraspecific relative size, at the onset of maturity (RSOM) in Aratus pisonii (H. Milne, Edwards, 1837) (Decapoda, Brachyura, Grapsidae). Crustac. Int. J. Crustac. Res. 62: 214-216.

Conde J., Díaz H., Rodríguez G. 1989. Crecimiento reducido en el cangrejo de mangle Aratus pisonii (H. Milne-Edwards) (Brachyura: Grapsidae). Acta Cient. Venez. 40: 159-160.

Conde J., Flores S., Díaz H. 1995. Nitrogen and tannins in mangrove leaves might explain interpopulation variations in the crab Aratus pisonii. Acta Cient. Venez. 46: 303-304.

Conde J., Tognella M., Paes E., et al. 2000. Population and life history features of the crab Aratus pisonii (Decapoda: Grapsidae) in a subtropical estuary. Interciencia 25: 151-158.

Contreras H., Duarte C., Jaramillo E., et al. 2013. Morphometric variability in sandy beach crustaceans of Isla Grande de Chiloé, Southern Chile. Rev. Biol. Mar. Oceanogr. 48: 487-496. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-19572013000300007

Deli T., Said K., Chatti N. 2014. Morphological differentiation among geographically close populations of the green crab Carcinus aestuarii Nardo, 1847 (Brachyura, Carcinidae) from the Tunisian coast. Crustac. Int. J. Crustac. 87: 257-283. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/15685403-00003291

Díaz H., Bevilacqua M. 1986. Larval development of Aratus pisonii (Milne Edwards) (Brachyura, Grapsidae) from marine and estuarine environments reared under different salinity conditions. J. Coast. Res. 2: 43-49.

Díaz H., Bevilacqua M. 1987. Early Developmental Sequences of Aratus pisonii (H. Milne Edwards) (Brachyura, Grapsidae) under Laboratory Conditions. J. Coast. Res. 3: 63-70.

Díaz H., Conde J. 1988. On the food sources for the mangrove tree crab Aratus pisonii (Brachyura: Grapsidae). Biotropica 20: 348-350. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2388331

Díaz H., Conde J. 1989. Population dynamics and life history of the mangrove crab Aratus pisonii (Brachyura, Grapsidae) in a marine environment. Bull. Mar. Sci. 45: 148-163.

Erickson A., Saltis M., Bell S., et al. 2003. Herbivore feeding preferences as measured by leaf damage and stomatal ingestion: a mangrove crab example. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 289: 123-138. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-0981(03)00039-X

Feller I., Chamberlain A. 2007. Herbivore responses to nutrient enrichment and landscape heterogeneity in a mangrove ecosystem. Oecologia 153: 607-616. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00442-007-0760-9 PMid:17566784

Fernandez-Vergaz V., Lopez Abellan L., Balguerias E. 2000. Morphometric, functional and sexual maturity of the deep-sea red crab Chaceon affinis inhabiting Canary Island waters: Chronology of maturation. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 204: 169-178. http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps204169

García-Dávila C., Magalhães C., Guerrero J. 2005. Morphometric variability in populations of Palaemonetes spp. (Crustacea, Decapoda, Palaemonidae) from the Peruvian and Brazilian Amazon Basin. Iheringia, Sér. Zool. 95: 327-334.

Gillikin D., De Wachter B., Tack J. 2004. Physiological responses of two ecologically important Kenyan mangrove crabs exposed to altered salinity regimes. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 301: 93-109. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2003.09.024

Grandjean F., Bramard M., Avila-Zarza C., et al. 1997. Morphometry, Sexual Dimorphism and Size At Maturity of the White-Clawed Crayfish Austropotamobius pallipes pallipes (Lereboullet) From a Wild French Population At Deux-Sèvres (Decapoda, Astacidea). Crustac. Int. J. Crustac. 70: 31-44. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/156854097X00320

Guill J., Hood C., Heins D. 2003. Body shape variation within and among three species of darters (Perciformes: Percidae). Ecol. Freshw. Fish 12: 134-140. http://dx.doi.org/10.1034/j.1600-0633.2003.00008.x

Hartnoll R. 1965. Notes on the marine grapsid crabs of Jamaica. Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. 176: 113-147. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8312.1965.tb00940.x

Kennish R. 1997. Seasonal patterns of food availability: Influences on the reproductive output and body condition of the herbivorous crab Grapsus albolineatus. Oecologia 109: 209-218. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s004420050075

Kyomo J. 1988. Analysis of the relationship between gonads and hepatopancreas in males and females of the crab Sesarma intermedia, with reference to resource use and reproduction. Mar. Biol. 97: 87-93. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00391248

Kyomo J. 2000. Intraspecific variation of reproductive strategies of the crab Sesarma intermedia: a consequence of habitat variations. Bull. Mar. Sci. 66: 157-171.

Lee S., Seed R. 1992. Ecological implications of cheliped size in crabs: Some data from Carcinus maenas and Liocarcinus holsatus. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 84: 151-160. http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps084151

Leme M., Soares V., Pinheiro M. 2014. Population dynamics of the mangrove tree crab Aratus pisonii (Brachyura: Sesarmidae) in the estuarine complex of Cananéia-Iguape, São Paulo, Brazil. Pan-Am. J. Aquat. Sci. 9: 259-266.

López B. 2010. Ecología trófica y energética del cangrejo de mangle Aratus pisonii (Crustacea: Brachyura: Grapsidae) (H. Milne- Edwards). PhD thesis, Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Científicas, Caracas, 242 pp.

López B., Conde J. 2013. Dietary variation in the crab Aratus pisonii (H. Milne Edwards, 1837) (Decapoda, Sesarmidae) in a mangrove gradient in northwestern Venezuela. Crustac. Int. J. Crustac. 86: 1051-1069. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/15685403-00003220

López B., Barreto M., Conde J. 2011. Caracterización de los manglares de zonas semiáridas en el noroccidente de Venezuela. Interciencia 36: 888-893.

López-Sánchez B., Quintero-Torres E. 2015. Inversión reproductiva de Aratus pisonii (Decapoda: Sesarmidae): diferencias entre hábitats y análisis de rutas. Rev. Biol. Trop. 63: 385-399. http://dx.doi.org/10.15517/rbt.v63i2.15178

Macintosh D. 1984. Ecology and productivity of Malaysian mangrove crab population. In: Soepadmo E., Rao A.N., Macintosh D.J. (eds), Mangrove Environment: Research and Development. University of Malaya and Unesco, pp. 354-377.

Maynou F., Sardà F. 1997. Nephrops norvegicus population and morphometrical characteristics in relation to substrate heterogeneity. Fish. Res. 30: 139-149. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0165-7836(96)00549-8

MINAMB. 2004. Sistema Nacional de Información Hidrológica y Metereológica. DGSICASV. División de Hidrología y Metereología. Ministerio del Poder Popular para el Ambiente. Caracas, República Bolivariana de Venezuela. (In digital format).

Mui-o R., Fernández L., González-Gurriarán E., et al. 1999. Size at maturity of Liocarcinus depurator (Brachyura: Portunidae): a reproductive and morphometric study. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. UK 79: 295-303. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0025315498000320

Murta A. 2000. Morphological variation of horse mackerel (Trachurus trachurus) in the Iberian and North African Atlantic: implications for stock identification. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 57: 1240-1248. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jmsc.2000.0810

Negreiros-Fransozo M. 2002. Size Variation in the Grapsid Crab Aratus pisonii (H. Milne-Edwards, 1837) Among Populations of Different Subtropical Mangroves. In: Escobar-Briones E., Alvarez F. (eds), Modern Approaches to the Study of Crustacea. Springer US, pp. 183-188. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-0761-1_29

Nicolau C., Oshiro L. 2002. Aspectos reprodutivos do caranguejo Aratus pisonii (H. Milne Edwards) (Crustacea, Decapoda, Grapsidae) do manguezal de Itacuruçá, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 19: 167-173. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-81752002000600016

Overton J. 1999. Morphometrics and Ecology of the mud crab (Scylla spp.) from Southeast Asia. In: Keenan C.P., Blackshaw A. (eds), Mud Crab Aquaculture and Biology. ACIAR Proceedings No.78. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, Canberra, pp. 35-42.

Ramos R., Bastidas C., García E. 2012. Ensayos de toxicidad con sedimentos marinos del occidente de Venezuela. Cienc. Mar. 38: 119-127. http://dx.doi.org/10.7773/cm.v38i1A.1939

Rosa R., Nunes M. 2003. Biochemical composition of deep-sea decapod crustaceans with two different benthic life strategies off the Portuguese south coast. Deep-Sea Res. Part I 50: 119-130. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0967-0637(02)00147-4

Sampedro M., González-Gurriarán E., Freire J., et al. 1999. Morphometry and Sexual Maturity in the Spider Crab Maja squinado (Decapoda: Majidae) in Galicia, Spain. J. Crustac. Biol. 19: 578-592. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1549263

Smith L., Palmer A. 1994. Effects of manipulated diet on size and performance of brachyuran crab claws. Science 264: 710-712. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.264.5159.710 PMid:17737956

Stearns S. 1989. The Evolutionary Significance of Phenotypic Plasticity. Bioscience 39: 436-445. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1311135

Trussell G., Smith L. 2000. Induced defenses in response to an invading crab predator: an explanation of historical and geographic phenotypic change. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97: 2123-2127. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.040423397 PMid:10681425 PMCid:PMC15764

Tzeng T-D. 2004. Stock identification of sword prawn Parapenaeopsis hardwickii in the East China Sea and Taiwan Strait inferred by morphometric variation. Fish. Sci. 70: 758-764. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1444-2906.2004.00868.x

Via S., Gomulkiewicz R., De Jong G., et al. 1995. Adaptive phenotypic plasticity: consensus and controversy. Trends Ecol. Evol. 10: 212-217. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0169-5347(00)89061-8

Warner G. 1967. The life history of the mangrove tree crab, Aratus pisonii. J. Zool. 153: 321-335. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1967.tb04066.x




Copyright (c) 2016 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Contact us scimar@icm.csic.es

Technical support soporte.tecnico.revistas@csic.es