Scientia Marina, Vol 79, No 2 (2015)

Reproduction and size at first maturity in a Mediterranean exploited Callista chione bivalve bed


https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.04155.13A

Eve Galimany
Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Centre Oceanogràfic de Balears - Institut de Ciències del Mar, CSIC - Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce, United States

Marc Baeta
Institut de Ciències del Mar - CSIC, Spain

Mercè Durfort
Departament de Biologia Cel·lular, Facultat de Biologia, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain

Jordi Lleonart
Institut de Ciències del Mar, CSIC, Spain

Montserrat Ramón
Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Centre Oceanogràfic de Balears - Institut de Ciències del Mar, CSIC, Spain

Abstract


The smooth clam Callista chione is an Atlantic-Mediterranean species that is commercially exploited in several European countries. Several aspects of its reproduction were studied in a coastal location of the northwestern Mediterranean as a tool for sustainable fisheries management. Gonadal development was classified into 6 different stages, ranging from immature to degradation of the remaining sexual structures. Results showed that C. chione was able to reproduce throughout the year but a main spawning period occurred in spring. First records of hermaphrodites were found for this species. The mature spermatozoa measured 4.70±0.66 μm (without the flagellum), including a very short acrosome of 0.75±0.09 μm. The mid-piece of the spermatozoa had a mitochondrial sheath composed of five mitochondria. Ripe oocytes ranged from 60 to 80 μm in length. Size at first maturity (SL50) was estimated for the first time in a Mediterranean population, showing values of 30.26 mm in 2005-2006 but only 21.45 mm in 2014.

Keywords


gonads; first maturity; hermaphroditism; Veneridae; commercial mollusks

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