Scientia Marina, Vol 70, No 2 (2006)

Distribution and abundance by larval developmental stages of Symphurus williamsi (Pleuronectiformes: Cynoglossidae) in the Gulf of California


https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.2006.70n2291

Gerardo Aceves-Medina
Centro Interdisciplinario de Ciencias Marinas–IPN. Departamento de Plancton y Ecología Marina., Mexico

Ricardo J. Saldierna-Martínez
Centro Interdisciplinario de Ciencias Marinas–IPN. Departamento de Plancton y Ecología Marina., Mexico

Enrique A. González-Navarro
Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur. Departamento de Biología Marina, Mexico

Abstract


Distribution and abundance of tonguefish larvae (Symphurus williamsi) were analyzed from collections made during ten oceanographic surveys in the Gulf of California between 1984 and 1988. Larvae were found mainly during the summer months and the highest abundances were located in the warmer southern and central regions of the Gulf, but they were scarce in the northern portion. High abundance of preflexion larvae occurred in areas where the sea surface temperature was between 29 and 32°C. Distribution patterns according to developmental stage suggest spatial ontogenic segregation with the early larvae in the ocean area of the central and southern regions of the Gulf. Based on abundance of preflexion larvae as well as on signs of a short egg period of this species, spawns may occur between early and mid summer.


Keywords


Symphurus williamsi; Gulf of California; fish larvae

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