Scientia Marina, Vol 74, No 4 (2010)

Age and growth of the black scorpionfish, Scorpaena porcus (Pisces: Scorpaenidae) from artificial structures and natural reefs in the Adriatic Sea


https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.2010.74n4677

Mario La Mesa
CNR, Istituto di Scienze Marine, UOS di Ancona , Italy

Giuseppe Scarcella
CNR, Istituto di Scienze Marine, UOS di Ancona , Italy

Fabio Grati
CNR, Istituto di Scienze Marine, UOS di Ancona , Italy

Gianna Fabi
CNR, Istituto di Scienze Marine, UOS di Ancona , Italy

Abstract


Age and growth of the black scorpionfish, Scorpaena porcus, were estimated for different populations inhabiting natural reefs and artificial structures (artificial reefs and offshore gas platforms) in the northwestern Adriatic Sea. Annual growth increment counts were carried out on sagittal otoliths of 415 specimens ranging from 80 to 280 mm TL. The accuracy of age estimates was assessed by testing the annual deposition of annuli and the location of the first annulus by marginal increment analysis and daily growth increment counts, respectively. As commonly observed in other scorpaenids, annuli consisted of an alternating pattern of opaque and translucent zones. Marginal increment analysis confirmed that annuli are formed once a year, with opaque zones laid down in spring-summer and translucent zones laid down in autumn-winter. The precision of age estimates was tested by applying both the average percent error (APE) and the mean coefficient of variation (CV). The maximum age estimated for the whole sampled populations was 8 years. The von Bertalanffy growth curves were separately fitted for natural and artificial reef populations of S. porcus. The likelihood ratio test indicated that the overall von Bertalanffy growth curves differed significantly between the two populations. The instantaneous growth rate (k, year-1) and asymptotic length (L, cm) were 0.23 and 22.30 and 0.53 and 20.13 for natural and artificial reef populations, respectively. Compared with natural reef population, populations of S. porcus inhabiting artificial reefs and, particularly, offshore platforms, were characterized by larger and older fish. However, young-of-the-year were completely absent from the platform habitats. The effects of artificial structures on S. porcus populations in the study area are discussed in the light of previous results on scorpionfish living in other areas.

Keywords


Scorpaena porcus; age and growth; natural reefs; artificial structures; Adriatic Sea

Full Text:


PDF

References


Beamish, R.J. and D.A. Fournier. – 1981. A method of comparing the precision of a set of age determinations. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 38: 982-983. doi:10.1139/f81-132

Beckman, D.W. and C.A. Wilson. – 1995. Seasonal timing of opaque zone formation in fish otoliths. In: D.H. Secor, J.M. Dean and S.E. Campana (eds.), pp. 27-43. Recent Developments in Fish otolith Research, University of South Carolina Press, Columbia.

Bilgin, S. and S. Çelik. – 2008. Age, growth and reproduction of the black scorpionfish, Scorpaena porcus (Pisces, Scorpaenidae), on the Black Sea coast of Turkey. J. Appl. Ichthyol., 25: 1-6.

Bohnsack, J.A. and D.L. Sutherland. – 1985. Artificial reef research: a review with recommendations for future priorities. Bull. Mar. Sci., 37: 11-39.

Bombace, G. – 1982. II punto sulle barriere artificiali: problemi e prospettive. Natur. sicil. IV Suppl. 3: 573-591.

Bombace, G., G. Fabi and L. Fiorentini. – 1990. Preliminary analysis of catch data from artificial reefs in Central Adriatic. FAO Fish. Rep., 428: 86-98.

Bombace, G., G. Fabi, L. Fiorentini and S. Speranza. – 1994. Analysis of the efficacy of artificial reefs located in five different areas of the Adriatic Sea. Bull. Mar. Sci., 55: 528-538.

Bradai, N. and A. Bouain. – 1988. Age et croissance de Scorpaena porcus et Scorpaena scrofa du golfe de Gabes. Bull. Inst. Natn. Scient. Tech. Océanogr. Pêche Salammbô, 15: 13-38.

Bradai, N. and A. Bouain. – 1990. Feeding pattern of Scorpaena porcus and S. scrofa (Teleostei, Scorpaenidae) from Gulf of Gabes, Tunisia. Cybium, 14: 207-216.

Bradai, N. and A. Bouain. – 1991. Reproduction de Scorpaena porcus (Linnaeus, 1758) et de Scorpaena scrofa (Linnaeus, 1758) (Pisces, Scorpaenidae) du Golfe de Gabes. Oebalia, 17: 167-180.

Brickhill, M.J., S.Y. Lee and R.M. Connolly. – 2005. Fishes associated with artificial reefs: attributing changes to attraction or production using novel approaches. J. Fish Biol., 67: 53-71. doi:10.1111/j.0022-1112.2005.00915.x

Carpentieri, P., F. Colloca, A. Belluscio and A. Ardizzone. – 2001. Preliminary notes on feeding habits of Scorpaena porcus (Linnaeus, 1758) in the central Tyrrhenian Sea. Biol. Mar. Medit., 8: 699-703.

Carr, M.H. and M.A. Hixon. – 1997. Artificial reefs: the importance of comparisons with natural reefs. Fisheries, 22: 28-33. doi:10.1577/1548-8446(1997)022<0028:ARTIOC>2.0.CO;2

Çelik, E.?. and R. Bircan. – 2004. An investigation on the reproduction characteristics of the Black scorpionfish (Scorpaena porcus Linnaeus, 1758) in Dardanelles. Sci. Engin. J. Fırat Univ., 16: 327-335.

Chang, W.Y.B. – 1982. A statistical method for evaluating the reproducibility of age determination. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 39: 1208-1210. doi:10.1139/f82-158

Crec’hriou, R., P. Bonhomme, G. Criquet, G., Cadiou, P. Lenfant, G. Bernard, E. Roussel, L. Le Diréach and S. Planes. – 2008. Spatial patterns and GIS habitat modelling of fish in two French Mediterranean coastal areas. Hydrobiol., 612: 135-153. doi:10.1007/s10750-008-9483-0

Demirhan, S.A. and M.F. Can. – 2009. Age, growth and food composition of Scorpaena porcus (Linnaeus, 1758) in the southeastern Black Sea. J. Appl. Ichthyol., 25: 215-218. doi:10.1111/j.1439-0426.2009.01217.x

Fabi, G. and L. Fiorentini. – 1994. Comparison between an artificial reef and a control site in the Adriatic Sea: analysis of four years of monitoring. Bull. Mar. Sci., 53: 538-558.

Fabi, G., F. Grati, M. Puletti and G. Scarcella. – 2004. Effects on fish community induced by installation of two gas platforms in the Adriatic Sea. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser., 273: 187-197. doi:10.3354/meps273187

Follesa, M.C., S. Cabiddu, A. Sabatini and A. Cau. – 2004. Relazioni trofiche nelle specie di Scorpaena (Linneo, 1758) del Mediterraneo centro-occidentale. Biol. Mar. Medit., 11: 586-591.

Furlani, D.M. – 1997. Development and ecology of ocean perch larvae, Helicolenus percoides (Richardson, 1842), (Pisces: Scorpaenidae) from southern Australian waters, with notes on the larvae of other sympatric scorpaenid genera. Mar. Freshw. Res., 48: 311-320. doi:10.1071/MF96129

Harmelin-Vivien, M.L., R.A. Kaim-Malka, M. Ledoyer and S.S. Jacob-Abraham. – 1989. Food partitioning among scorpaenid fishes in Mediterranean seagrass beds. J. Fish Biol., 34: 715-734. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8649.1989.tb03352.x

Hartmann, A.R. – 1987. Movement of scorpionfishes (Scorpaenidae: Sebastes and Scorpaena) in the Southern California Bight. California Fish. Game, 73: 68-79.

Holden, M.J. and D.F.S. Raitt. – 1975. Manual of fisheries science. Part 2. Methods of resource investigations and their application. FAO Fish. Tech. Pap., 115: 1-214.

Hureau, J.C. and N.I. Litvinenko. – 1986. Scorpaenidae. In: W. Fischer, M.L. Bauchot, and M. Schneider (eds.), pp. 1211-1229. Fiches FAO d’identification des espèces pour les besoins de la pêche (Révision 1). Méditerranée et mer Noire. Zone de pêche 37, vol. 2, FAO, Rome.

Jardas, I. and A. Pallaoro. – 1992. Age and growth of black scorpionfish, Scorpaena porcus L., 1758 in the Adriatic Sea. Rapp. Comm. Int. Mer Médit., 33: 296.

Kimura, D.K. – 1980. Likelihood methods for the von Bertalanffy growth curve. Fish. Bull., 77: 765-776.

Koca, H.U. – 2002. A study on the determination of some parameters of the scorpion fish (Scorpaena porcus Linneus, 1758) caught by bottom nets in the area of Sinop in terms of fishery biology. Turk. J. Veter. Anim. Sci., 26: 65-69.

La Mesa, M., G. La Mesa and M. Micalizzi. – 2005. Age and growth of madeira scorpionfish, Scorpaena maderensis Valenciennes, 1833, in the central Mediterranean. Fish. Res., 74: 265-272. doi:10.1016/j.fishres.2005.01.018

Laidig, T.E. and S. Ralston. – 1995. The potential use of otolith characters in identifying larval rockfish (Sebastes spp.). Fish. Bull., 93: 166-171.

López Abellán, L.J., M.T.G. Santamaría and P. Conesa. – 2001. Age and growth of Pontinus kuhlii (Bowdich 1825) in the Canary Islands. Sci. Mar., 65: 259-267.

Love, M.S., B. Axell, P. Morris, R. Collins and A. Brooks. – 1987. Life history and fishery of the California scorpionfish, Scorpaena guttata, within the Southern California Bight. Fish. Bull., 85: 99-116.

Love, M.S., P. Morris, M. McCrae and R. Collins. – 1990. Life history aspects of 19 rockfish species (Scorpaenidae: Sebastes) from the Southern California Bight. NOAA Tech. Rep., 87: 1-38.

Love, M.S., D.M. Schroeder and M.M. Nishimoto. – 2003. The ecological role of oil and gas production platforms and natural outcrops on fishes in southern and central California: a synthesis of information. US Dept Int, US Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Seattle, 98104, OCS Study MMS 2003-032.

Love, M.S., E. Brothers, D.M. Schroeder and W.H. Lenarz. – 2007. Ecological performance of young-of-the-year blue rockfish (Sebastes mystinus) associated with oil platforms and natural reefs in California as measured by daily growth rates. Bull. Mar. Sci., 80: 147-157.

Massutí, E., B. Morales-Nin and J. Moranta. – 2000. Growth variability of blue-mouth Helicolenus dactylopterus (Osteichthyes: Scorpaenidae) in two western Mediterranean areas: Alboran Sea and Balearic Sea. Fish. Res., 46: 165-176.

Morales-Nin, B. – 2001. Mediterranean deep-water fish age determination and age validation: the state of the art. Fish. Res., 51: 377-383. doi:10.1016/S0165-7836(01)00261-2

Morte, S., M.J. Redon and A. Sanz-Brau. – 2001. Diet of Scorpaena porcus and Scorpaena notata (Pisces: Scorpaenidae) in the western Mediterranean. Cah. Biol. Mar., 42: 333-344.

Munro, J.L. and D. Pauly. – 1983. A simple method for comparing growth of fishes and invertebrates. ICLARM Fishbyte, 1: 5-6.

Pallaoro, A. and I. Jardas. – 1991. Food and feeding habits of black scorpionfish (Scorpaena porcus L. 1758) (Pisces, Scorpaenidae) along the Adriatic coast. Acta Adriat., 32: 885-898.

Panfili, J. and B. Morales-Nin. – 2002. Validation and verification methods. B. Semi-direct validation. In: J. Panfili, H. de Pontual, H. Troadec and P.J. Wright (eds)., pp. 129-134. Manual of Fish Sclerochronology, IFREMER, France.

Pashkov, A.N., N.F. Shevchenko, L.S. Oven, V.E. Giragosov and M.V. Kruglov. – 1999. Distribution, numbers, and principal population index of Scorpaena porcus under anthropogenic pollution of the Black Sea. J. Ichthyol., 39: 634-641.

Quignard, J.-P. and J.A. Tomasini. – 2000. Mediterranean fish biodiversity. Biol. Mar. Medit., 7: 1-66.

Relini, G., M. Relini, G. Torchia and G. De Angelis. – 2002. Trophic relationships between fishes and an artificial reef. ICES J. Mar. Sci., 59: S36-S42. doi:10.1006/jmsc.2002.1212

Ragonese, S., S. Gancitano, G. Norito, P. Rizzo and G. Bono. – 2003. Life history traits of the slender rockfish, Scorpaena elongata Cadenat, 1943 (Pisces - Scorpaenidae), of the Strait of Sicily (Mediterranean Sea). Biol. Mar. Medit., 10: 223-232.

Raventós, N. and E. Macpherson. – 2001. Planktonic larval duration and settlement marks on the otoliths of Mediterranean littoral fishes. Mar. Biol., 138: 1115-1120. doi:10.1007/s002270000535

Sàbat, M., M.R. Hernandez, M. Muñoz and M. Casadevall. – 2004. Ovarian structure and annual reproductive cycle of Scorpaena porcus. Rapp. Comm. Int. Mer Médit., 37: 431.

Saila, S., C. Recksiek and M. Prager. – 1988. Basic Fishery Science Programs. Amsterdam, Elsevier.

Siblot-Boutéflika, D. – 1976. Contribution à ľétude des Scorpaenidae de la région Alger. Thèse Doc 3ème Cycle Océanographie, Univ. Aix-Marseille II, 181 pp.

Silvestri, R., A. Voliani and A. Zucchi. – 2002. Nota sulla biologia di Scorpaena porcus Linneo, 1758 nel Mar Ligure meridionale. Biol. Mar. Medit., 9: 813-817.

Sokal, R.R. and F.J. Rohlf. – 1995. Biometry. The principle and practice of statistics in biological research. WH Freeman and Co, San Francisco.

Tuset, V.M., A. Lombarte and C.A. Assis. – 2008. Otolith atlas for the western Mediterranean, north and central eastern Atlantic. Sci. Mar., 72S1: 7-198.

Ünsal, N. and M. Oral. – 1996. A study on the growth and reproduction of black scorpionfish (Scorpaena porcus Linnaeus, 1758) in the Sea of Marmara. Turk. J. Zool., 20: 303-308.




Copyright (c) 2010 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Contact us scimar@icm.csic.es

Technical support soporte.tecnico.revistas@csic.es