Scientia Marina, Vol 73, No S2 (2009)

Use of parasites as biological tags in stock identification of the black scabbardfish, Aphanopus carbo Lowe, 1839 (Osteichthyes: Trichiuridae) from Portuguese waters


https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.2009.73s2055

Maria João Santos
Departamento de Zoologia e Antropologia, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade do Porto, Portugal

Aurélia Saraiva
Departamento de Zoologia e Antropologia, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade do Porto, Portugal

Cristina Cruz
Departamento de Zoologia e Antropologia, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade do Porto, Portugal

Jorge C. Eiras
Departamento de Zoologia e Antropologia, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade do Porto, Portugal

Margarida Hermida
Departamento de Zoologia e Antropologia, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade do Porto, Portugal

Carla Ventura
Departamento de Zoologia e Antropologia, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade do Porto, Portugal

João Paulo Soares
Departamento de Zoologia e Antropologia, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade do Porto, Portugal

Abstract


We studied the use of parasites as biological tags for discriminating fish stocks of Aphanopus carbo (Osteichthyes: Trichiuridae) from Portugal (Sesimbra on the mainland, Madeira and the Azores). Sixteen different metazoan parasites were found (14 from Madeira, 9 from Sesimbra and 7 from the Azores). Some parasites occurred only in fish from Madeira. The prevalence and mean intensity of the infection was recorded for each parasite and locality, and their values were statistically compared between the three sampling localities and related to host length classes. The differences between some of these parameters were statistically significant among the three localities or between two of them. It is suggested that 6 parasites (Tentacularia coryphaenae, Sphyriocephalus tergestinus, Campbelliella heteropoeciloacantha, Anisakis spp., Bolbosoma vasculosum and unidentified Acanthocephala larvae) can be used as biological tags to discriminate Portuguese stocks of Aphanopus carbo.

Keywords


parasites; biological tags; Aphanopus carbo; fish; Portugal

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References


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