Metazoan parasites of grey mullets (Teleostea: Mugilidae) from the Mistras Lagoon (Sardinia - western Mediterranean)
Keywords:ectoparasites, endoparasites, Teleostea, Mugilidae, western Mediterranean, Sardinia
A total of 127 specimens of grey mullets (Teleostea: Mugilidae) from the Mistras Lagoon (Sardinia - western Mediterranean) were examined for metazoan parasites. Five species of grey mullets were found: Chelon labrosus, Liza aurata, L. ramada, L. saliens and Mugil cephalus. Forty-one species of parasites were identified: 14 monogeneans, 5 crustaceans, 18 digeneans, 3 nematodes and 1 acanthocephalan; 26 of them being reported from Sardinia for the first time. Findings of faunal interest are: Ergenstrema sp. (Monogenea) in L. saliens; Caligus pageti (Crustacea) in L. aurata and L. saliens; Saturnius sp. (Digenea) in C. labrosus, L. aurata and L. saliens; Capillaria sp. (Nematoda) in C. labrosus, L. aurata and M. cephalus. The dynamics and distribution of ectoparasites were partially influenced by salinity, while the interpretation of the results for endoparasites was more complex. The data obtained show the richness of the parasite fauna of grey mullets from the Mistras Lagoon, providing additional environmental information on this body of water.
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