Effects of algal diets and starvation on growth, survival and fatty acid composition of Solen marginatus (Bivalvia: Solenidae) larvae


  • Fiz Da Costa Centro de Investigacións Mariñas, Consellería do Mar, Xunta de Galicia
  • Susana Nóvoa Centro de Investigacións Mariñas, Consellería do Mar, Xunta de Galicia
  • Justa Ojea Centro de Investigacións Mariñas, Consellería do Mar, Xunta de Galicia
  • Dorotea Martínez-Patiño Centro de Investigacións Mariñas, Consellería do Mar, Xunta de Galicia




Solen marginatus, razor clam, larvae, diets, starvation


The aim of this study was to investigate whether it is necessary to feed Solen marginatus (Pennánt, 1777) larvae externally and the evolution of fatty acids in the neutral and polar lipids during larval development in starved larvae and larvae fed on two different microalgal diets. Larvae were subjected to three different treatments: 1. 10 equivalent cells (Isochrysis galbana, Pavlova lutheri and Chaetoceros calcitrans) plus 20 equivalent cells of Tetraselmis suecica; 2. 80 equivalent cells of I. galbana and 3. starvation during eight days, and then individuals were re-fed on diet 1. The best results for growth were observed in larvae fed on diet 1. Starved larvae reached the best survival rate at day 8 (66%). However, three days after re-feeding all larvae died, suggesting that the “point of no return” was exceeded. In spite of the large size of S. marginatus eggs and the great amount of stored reserves, the larvae need to feed on microalgae to undergo metamorphosis. Non-methyle-interrupted dienoic fatty acids and their precursors 16:1n-7 and 18:1n-9 are of great importance in starved larvae. Saturated fatty acids, especially 16:0, fuel larval development. A certain degree of bioconversion of 18:2n-6 to 20:4n-6 was observed in S. marginatus larvae.


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How to Cite

Da Costa F, Nóvoa S, Ojea J, Martínez-Patiño D. Effects of algal diets and starvation on growth, survival and fatty acid composition of Solen marginatus (Bivalvia: Solenidae) larvae. scimar [Internet]. 2012Sep.30 [cited 2022Dec.4];76(3):527-3. Available from: https://scientiamarina.revistas.csic.es/index.php/scientiamarina/article/view/1359