Setting up interpretation criteria for ageing juvenile european anchovy otoliths
Keywords:Engraulis encrasicolus, otolith, daily increments, sub-daily, juvenile, metamorphosis, growth
A standardisation of daily age determination in juveniles for this species is proposed by examining a wide range in length of juveniles. Sagitta otoliths and the saggital plane were selected for the analysis and daily increments were read in the postrostrum and antirostrum axes. Certain regions of the otolith show wide, rhythmic double growth patterns. These 2 axes were read with two different objectives (x10 and x20) and using two different interpretation criteria: group band reading (GBR), by which a repetitive cyclic set of growth bands were taken as single daily increments and individual mark reading (IMR), by which each microincrement, regardless of its appearance, constituted a daily count. Hatching dates, relative error and coefficient of variation were applied in order to find the most consistent reading method, and were compared with known growth rates in this and other genera of anchovy. Though the hatching dates produced by the two ageing methods are compatible with the spawning period, we consider the GBR method to be the most reliable ageing procedure because: a) it is the most precise and robust (not being affected by the examination procedure); b) it allows the rhythmic pattern of alternating growth bands to be interpreted as sub-daily microincrements generated in the later phases of larvae and during metamorphosis; and c) it produces high rates of growth compatible with larva growth increments and with other studies for the same genus at similar temperatures.
Allain. G., P. Petitgas, P. Grellier and P. Lazure. – 2003. The selection process from larval to juvenile stages of anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus) in the Bay of Biscay investigated by Lagrangian simulations and comparative otolith growth. Fish. Oceanogr., 12(4/5): 407-418.
Aoki, I. and K. Miyashita. – 2000. Dispersal larvae and juveniles of Japanese anchovy Engraulis japonicus in the Kuroshio Extension and Kuroshio-Oyashio transition regions, western North Paciﬁc Ocean. Fish. Res., 49: 155-164. doi:10.1016/S0165-7836(00)00197-1
Boyra, G., U. Martínez, U. Cotano, M. Peña and A. Uriarte. – 2007. Acoustic surveying of anchovy juveniles in the Bay of Biscay: JUVENA 2007 Survey Report. Working Document to ICES WGACEGGS. Palma de Mallorca, Spain, 26-30 November. http://www.ices.dk/reports/LRC/2007/WGACEGG/wgacegg07.pdf
Butler, J.L. – 1989. Growth during the larval and juvenile stages of the northern anchovy, Engraulis mordax, in the California Current during 1980–84. Fish. Bull., 87: 64-652.
Campana, S.E. and J.D. Neilson. – 1985. Microstructure of ﬁsh otoliths. Can. J. Fish. and Aquat. Sci., 42: 1014-1032. doi:10.1139/f85-127
Campana, S.E. – 1992. Measurement and interpretation of the microstructure of ﬁsh otoliths. In: D.K. Stevenson and S.E. Campana (eds.), Otolith Microstructure Examination and Analysis. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 117: 59-71.
Campana, S.E. and C. Jones. – 1992. Analysis of otolith microstructure. In: D.K. Stevenson and S. E. Campana (eds.), Otolith Microstructure Examination and Analysis. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 117: 73-100.
Castello, L. and J.P. Castello. – 2003. Anchovy stocks (Engraulis anchoita) and larval growth in the SW Atlantic. Fish. Res., 59: 409-421. doi:10.1016/S0165-7836(02)00014-0
Cermeño, P., A. Uriarte, A. Martínez de Murguía and B. Morales-Nin. – 2003. Validation of daily increment formation in otoliths of juvenile and adult European anchovy. J. Fish. Biol., 62: 679-691. doi:10.1046/j.1095-8649.2003.00056.x
Cermeño, P., B. Morales-Nin and A. Uriarte. – 2006. Juvenile European anchovy otolith microstructure. Sci. Mar., 70: 553-557.
Chang, W. B. – 1982. A statistical method for evaluating the reproducibility of age determination. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 39: 1208-1210. doi:10.1139/f82-158
Cotano, U. and P. Álvarez. – 2003. Growth of young-of-the-year mackerel in the Bay of Biscay. J. Fish. Biol., 62: 1010-1020. doi:10.1046/j.1095-8649.2003.00093.x
Dulcic, J. and M. Kraljevic. – 1996. Larval growth of anchovy, Engraulis encrasicolus (Fishes) in the Eastern Adriatic Sea. Vie Milieu, 46: 73-78.
García, A., D. Cortés and T. Ramírez. – 1998. Daily larval growth and RNA and DNA content of the NW Mediterranean anchovy Engraulis encrasicolus and their relations to the environments. Mar Ecol. Prog. Ser., 166: 237-245. doi:10.3354/meps166237
Geffen, A.J. – 1992. Validation of otolith increment deposition. In: D.K. Stevenson and S. E. Campana (eds.) Otolith Microstructure Examination and Analysis. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 117: 101-113.
Hernández, E.H. and L.R. Castro. – 2000. Larval growth of the anchoveta Engraulis ringens during the winter spawning season off central Chile. Fish. Bull., 98: 704-710.
Hoenig, J.M., M.J. Morgan and C.A. Brown. – 1995. Analysing differences between two age determination methods by tests of symmetry. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 52: 364-368. doi:10.1139/f95-038
Houde, E.D. – 1989. Comparative growth, mortality and energetics of marine ﬁsh larvae: temperature and implied latitudinal effects. Fish. Bull., 87: 471-495.
Hunter, J.R. – 1976. Culture and growth of Northern Anchovy Engraulis mordax, larvae. Fish. Bull., 74: 81-88.
Hwang, S.D and T.W. Lee. – 2005 Spawning dates and early growth of chub mackerel Scomber japonicus as indicated by otolith microstructure of juveniles in the inshore nursery ground. Fish. Sci., 71: 1185-1187. doi:10.1111/j.1444-2906.2005.01081.x
Jones, C. – 1992. Development and application of the otolith increment technique. In: D.K. Stevenson and S.E. Campana (eds.) Otolith Microstructure Examination and Analysis. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 117: 1-11.
Methot, R.D. and D. Kramer. – 1979. Growth of northern anchovy, Engraulis mordax, larvae in the sea. Fish. Bull., 2: 413-423.
Methot, R.D. – 1981. Growth rates and age distribution of larval and juveniles Northern Anchovy, Engraulis mordax, with inferences on larval survival. Ph. D. thesis, Univ. California, San Diego.
Methot, R.D. – 1983. Seasonal variation in survival of larval northern anchovy, Engraulis mordax, estimated from the age distribution of juveniles. Fish. Bull., 81: 741-750.
Mitani, I. – 1990. The biological studies on the larvae of Japanese anchovy, Engraulis japonica HOUTTUYN, in Sagami Bay. Spec. Rep. Kanagawa Prefectural Fish. Exp. Station, 5: 1-140
Morales-Nin, B. – 1989. Age and growth of the southern stock of Peruvian anchoveta based on otolith microstructures and length frequency analysis. In: D. Pauly, P. Muck, J. Mendo and I. Tsukayama (eds.) The Peruvian Upwelling System: Dynamics and interactions. ICLARM Conference Procedings, 18: 439. (ISBN 971-1022-47-8).
Morales-Nin, B. – 1992. Determination of growth in bony ﬁshes from otolith microstructure. FAO Fish. Tech. Pap., 322: 51.
Morales-Nin, B. and Y. Aldebert. – 1997. Growth of juvenile Merluccius merluccius in the Gulf of Lion (NW Mediterranean) based on otolith microstructure and length-frequency analysis. Fish. Res., 30: 77-85. doi:10.1016/S0165-7836(96)00553-X
Morales-Nin, B., and J. Panﬁli. – 2002. III. Sclerochronological studies: why and how? A. Age estimation. In: J. Panfíli, H. Troadec, H. de Puntual and P.J. Wright (eds.), Manual of Schlerochronology in Fishes. pp. 416. Ed. IFREMER-IRD, (ISBN 2-84433-067-3) 416.
Nakata, H., S. Kimura, Y. Okazaki and A. Kasai. – 2000. Implications of mesoescale eddies caused by frontal disturbance of the Kuroshio current for anchovy recruitment. ICES J. Mar. Sci., 57: 143-152. doi:10.1006/jmsc.1999.0565
Palomera, I. – 1989. Primeras fases del desarrollo de la anchoa (Engraulis encrasicolus) en la costa Catalana. PhD thesis, Univ. Barcelona.
Palomera, I., B. Morales-Nin and J. Lleonart. – 1988. Larval growth of anchovy, Engraulis encrasicolus, in the Western Mediterranean Sea. Mar. Biol., 99: 283-291. doi:10.1007/BF00391991
Pannella, G. – 1971. Fish otoliths: Daily growth layers and periodical patterns. Sci., (Wash.) 173: 1124-1127.
Prosch, R.M. – 1986. Early growth in length of the Anchovy Engraulis capensis Gilchrist off South Africa. S. Afr. J. Mar. Sci., 4: 181-191.
Ré, P. – 1986. Otolith microstructure and the detection of life history events in sardine and anchovy larvae. Cienc. Biol. Ecol. Syst., 6(1/2): 9-17. (NJ)
Rilling, G. C., and E. D. Houde. – 1999. Regional and temporal variability in growth and mortality of bay anchovy, Anchoa mitchilli, larvae in Chesapeake Bay. Fish. Bull., 97: 555-569.
Sanz, A. and A. Uriarte. – 1989. Reproductive cycle and batch fecundity of the Bay of Biscay anchovy (Engraulis encrasicholus l.) in 1987. CalCOFI Rep. vol. 30, pp. 127-135.
Secor, D. H., J. M. Dean and E. H. Laban. – 1992. Otolith removal and preparation for microstructural examination. In: D.K. Stevenson and S.E. Campana (eds.) Otolith Microstructure Examination and Analysis. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 117: 19-57.
Sigel, R. B. – 1988. Population dynamics of the Japanese anchovy, Engraulis japonicus, SHIRASU of the Enshu-Nada and Ise Bay ﬁshery, Japan revealed through otolith daily increments. Ph. D. thesis, Univ. Tokyo.
Takahashi, M., Y. Watanabe, T. Knoshita and C. Watanabe. – 2001. Growth of larval and early juvenile Japanese anchovy, Engraulis japonicus, in the Kuroshio-Oyashio transition region. Fish. Ocean., 10: 235-247. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2419.2001.00160.x
Takahashi, M. and Y. Watanabe. – 2004a. Staging larval and early juveniles Japanese anchovy based on the degree of guanine deposition. J. Fish. Biol., 64: 262-267. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8649.2004.00283.x
Takahashi, M. and Y. Watanabe. – 2004b. Developmental and growth rates of Japanese anchovy Engraulis japonicus during metamorphosis in the Kuroshio-Oyashio transitional waters. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 282: 253-260. doi:10.3354/meps282253
Thomas, R.M. – 1986. Growth of larval pelagic ﬁsh in the South-East Atlantic form daily otolith rings in 1982/83 and 1983/84. S. Afr. J. Mar. Sci., 4: 61-77.
Tomás, J. and J. Panﬁli. – 2000. Otolith microstructure examination and growth patterns of Vinciguerria nimbaria (Photichthyidae) in the tropical Atlantic Ocean. Fish. Res., 46: 131-145. doi:10.1016/S0165-7836(00)00140-5
Tsuji, S. and T. Aoyama. – 1984. Daily growth increments in otoliths of Japanese Anchovy larvae Engraulis japonica. Bull. Jpn. Soc. Sci. Fish., 50(7): 1105-1108.
Uriarte, A., P. Prouzet and B. Villamor. – 1996. Bay of Biscay and Ibero Atlantic anchovy populations and their ﬁsheries. Sci. Mar., 60(Suppl.2): 237-255.
Uriarte, A., Y. Sagarminaga, C. Scalabrin, V. Valencia, P. Cermeño, E. de Miguel, J.A. Gomez Sanchez and M. Jiménez. – 2001. Ecology of anchovy juveniles in the Bay of Biscay 4 months after peak spawning: Do they form part of the plankton? ICES CM 2001/W:20
Waldron, M., M.J. Armstrong, and R.M. Prosch. – 1989. Aspect of the variability in growth of juvenile anchovy Engraulis capensis in the Southern Benguela system. S. Afr. J. Mar. Sci., 8: 9-19.
Waldron, M., M.J. Armstrong and B.A. Roel. – 1992. Birthdate distribution of juvenile anchovy Engraulis capensis caught in the Southern Benguela Ecosystem. S. Afr. J. Mar. Sci., 12: 865-871.
Zhang, Z. and N.W. Runham. – 1992. Otolith microstructure pattern in Oreochromis niloticus (L.). J. Fish Biol., 40: 325-332. 6, 2008.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2008 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.© CSIC. Manuscripts published in both the printed and online versions of this Journal are the property of Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, and quoting this source is a requirement for any partial or full reproduction.
All contents of this electronic edition, except where otherwise noted, are distributed under a “Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International” (CC BY 4.0) License. You may read here the basic information and the legal text of the license. The indication of the CC BY 4.0 License must be expressly stated in this way when necessary.
Self-archiving in repositories, personal webpages or similar, of any version other than the published by the Editor, is not allowed.