Scientia Marina, Vol 72, No 1 (2008)

Postlarval development of Halicarcinus planatus females (Crustacea, Decapoda, Hymenosomatidae) in the estuary of the Deseado River, Argentina


https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.2008.72n1127

Julio H. Vinuesa
Centro de Desarrollo Costero (FHyCS), Universidad Nacional de la Patagonia San Juan Bosco, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Argentina

Lucrecia Ferrari
Comisión de Investigaciones Científicas-Provincia de Buenos Aires, Programa de Ecofisiología Aplicada, Depto. Ciencias Básicas, Universidad Nacional de Luján, Argentina

Abstract


This study analyses morphology and morphometric growth changes of Halicarcinus planatus females until their terminal moult, and characterises new juvenile stages. Monthly samples were collected in the estuary of the Deseado River, Santa Cruz Province, Argentina. Crabs were sampled between the mid-intertidal and upper subtidal levels. Intermoult stages were analysed in sub-samples of adolescents and adults, and the presence of epizoic organisms was registered. Juveniles and adults were reared at the laboratory and examined for moult changes. All 3376 crabs caught were females, indicating a clear spatial segregation between sexes. Five juvenile stages (immature 1, 2, 3, 4 and adolescent) and a mature one were recognised on the basis of morphology and morphometry. All immature stages differed in cephalothorax width (CW) and abdomen width (AW). Positive allometry was observed in some juvenile stages and isometry in an immature stage and in mature females. Adolescents and adults encompassed a wide range of sizes, and the considerable size overlap between them suggests an anomalous growth process. Moult staging analysis indicated that adolescents have a high incidence of pre-moult stages in winter, when the terminal moult occurs. The measurements performed in laboratory-reared females indicated no abnormal increases during the moult. The terminal moult occurs within a wide size range, perhaps in association with mating.

Keywords


morphology; morphometry; relative growth; juvenile stages; females; Halicarcinus planatus

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