Using fisher’s knowledge to estimate catch and effort in the large-scale octopus fishery on the eastern Campeche Bank (Mexico, NW Atlantic)




Octopus maya, Octopus americanus, catch and catch per unit effort estimates, fishery statistics, survey methods, Campeche Bank, NW Atlantic


The Mayan octopus (Octopus maya) and the American octopus (O. americanus) are the two species that support the octopus fishery on the Campeche Bank. The large-scale fleet catches both species. However, landings are recorded as American octopus in the official statistics, and this causes a problem for the management of the fishery. The large-scale octopus fishery on the Campeche Bank was studied using a model based on data from interviews with skippers. A total of 180 valid interviews were conducted in the base ports of Progreso and Yucalpeten (Yucatan), representing 51.1% of the skippers in the fleet in 2019. This information was used for the first time to estimate catch per unit effort (CPUE) and total catches for each octopus species. The mean CPUE ranged between 50 and 500 kg day-1, with minimums of 10 kg day-1. The mean estimated potential catches ranged from 5069 to 3456 t per year for O. maya and from 4113 to 2805 t per year for O. americanus. The relationship between official landings and estimated catches showed a significant correlation (rxy=0.898). The total estimated catches were on average 20% lower than the official landings of O. americanus. The origin of this discrepancy is discussed.


Download data is not yet available.


Amor M.D., Norman M.D., Roura A., et al. 2017. Morphological assessment of the Octopus vulgaris species complex evaluated in light of molecular-based phylogenetic inferences. Zool. Scr. 46: 275-288.

Avendaño O., Velázquez-Abunader I., Fernández-Jardón C., et al. 2019. Biomass and distribution of the red octopus (Octopus maya) in the north-east of the Campeche Bank. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. U.K. 99: 1317-1323.

Avendaño O., Hernández-Flores A., Velázquez-Abunader I., et al. 2020a. Potential biomass and distribution of octopus in the eastern part of the Campeche Bank (Yucatan, Mexico). Sci. Mar. 84: 133-142.

Avendaño O., Roura Á., Cedillo-Robles C.E., et al. 2020b. Octopus americanus: a cryptic species of the O. vulgaris species complex redescribed from the Caribbean. Aquat. Ecol. 54: 909-925.

Comesaña N., Guerra A. 2019. Application of the Gómez-Muñoz model to estimate catch and effort in the squid Loligo vulgaris fisheries in the Ría de Vigo (NW Spain). Sci. Mar. 83: 305-316.

Coronado E., Salas S., Cepeda-González M.F., Chuenpagdee R. 2020. Who's who in the value chain for the Mexican octopus fishery: Mapping the production chain. Mar. Policy 118: 104013.

DOF (Diario Oficial de la Federación). 2018. Acuerdo por el que se da a conocer la actualización de la Carta Nacional Pesquera. Secretaría de Agricultura, Ganadería, Desarrollo Rural, Pesca y Alimentación (SAGARPA), México. Retrieved from, (accessed 27 September 2021).

Emery T.J., Hartmann K., Gardner C. 2016. Management issues and options for small scale holobenthic octopus fisheries. Ocean. Coast. Manage. 120: 180-188.

Faraj A., Bez N. 2007. Spatial considerations for the Dakhla stock of Octopus vulgaris: indicators, patterns, and fisheries interactions. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 64: 1820-1828.

Galindo-Cortez G., Hernández-Flores Á., Santos-Valencia J. 2014. Pulpo del Golfo de México Octopus maya y Octopus vulgaris. In: Beléndez-Moreno L.F.J., Espino-Barr E., Galindo-Cortes G., et al. (eds), Sustentabilidad y Pesca Responsable en México, Evaluación y Manejo. INAPESCA. México, pp.177-207. ISBN: 978-607-8274-11-6.

Gómez-Muñoz V.M. 1990. A model to estimate catches from a short fishery statistics survey. Bull. Mar. Sci. 46: 719-722.

Jereb P., Roper C.F.E., Norman M.D., Finn J.K. 2016. Cephalopods of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cephalopod species known to date. Octopods and Vampire squids. FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes, Nº4, Vol. 3. FAO, Roma. 370 pp. ISSN 10120-8682.

Leite T.S., Haimovici M., Mather J., Lins J.E.O. 2009. Habitat, distribution, and abundance of the commercial octopus (Octopus insularis) in a tropical oceanic island, Brazil: Information for management of an artisanal fishery inside a marine protected area. Fish. Res. 98: 85-91.

López-Rocha J.A., Ramos-Miranda J., Velázquez-Abunader I., et al. 2021. Artes y métodos de pesca de la península de Yucatán. Universidad autónoma de Campeche. Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del IPN, Unidad Mérida. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. México, 70 pp.

Monreal-Gómez M.A., Salas-de-León D.A., Velasco-Mendoza H. 2004. La hidrodinámica del Golfo de México. In: Caso M., Pisanty I., Ezcurra E. (eds). Diagnóstico ambiental del Golfo de México Vol. 1. INE-SEMARNAT. Distrito Federal. México. 47-68 pp. ISBN:9688177059.

Neis B., Felt L., Haedrich R.L., Schneider D.C. 1999a. An interdisciplinary methodology for collecting and integrating fishers' ecological knowledge into resource management. In: Newell D. and Ommer R. (eds), Fishing Places, Fishing People: Issues and Traditions in Canadian Small-Scale Fisheries, University of Toronto Press. 412 pp. pp. 217-238.

Neis B., Schneider D.C., Felt L., et al. 1999b. Fisheries assessment: what can be learned from interviewing resource users? Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 56: 1949-1963.

Otero J., Rocha F., González A.F., et al. 2005. Modeling artisanal coastal fisheries of Galicia (NW Spain) based on data obtained from fishers: the case of Octopus vulgaris. Sci. Mar. 69: 577-585.

Pierce G.J., Guerra A. 1994. Stock assessment methods used for cephalopod fisheries. Fish. Res. 21: 255-285.

Pierce G.J., Allock L., Bruno I., et al. 2010. Cephalopod Biology and Fisheries in Europe. Cooperative Research. ICES, Copenhagen. pp. 175. Report No. 303. ISBN 978-87-7482-078-9.

R Core Team. 2020. R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing. Vienna, Austria. Retrieved from

Rocha F., Gracia J., González A. F., Jardón C. M., Guerra A. 2004. Reliability of a model based on a short fishery statistics survey: application to the Northeast Atlantic monkfish fishery. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 61: 25-34.

Rocha F., Otero J., Outeiral R., et al. 2006. Modelling small-scale coastal fisheries of Galicia (NW Spain) based on data obtained from fisheries: the case of Sepia officinalis. Sci. Mar. 70(4): 593-601.

Rosenberg A., Kirkwood G., Crombie J., Beddington J. 1990. The assessment of stocks of annual squid species. Fish. Res. 8: 335-350.

Salas S., Cabrera M., Palomo L., et al. 2008. Plan de manejo y operación del comité de administración pesquera de escama y pulpo. Informe Final. Cinvestav IPN Unidad. Technical Report. 162 pp. Mérida, México.

Sauer W.H., Gleadall I.G., Downey-Breedt N., et al. 2021. World Octopus Fisheries. Rev. Fish. Sci. Aquac. 29: 279-429.

Simón F., Rocha F., Guerra A. 1996. The small-scale squid hand-jig fishery off the northwestern Iberian Peninsula: Application of a model based on short fishery statistics survey. Fish. Res. 25: 253-263.

Velázquez-Abunader I., Salas S., Cabrera M.A. 2013. Differential catchability by zone, fleet, and size: the case of the red octopus (Octopus maya) and common octopus (Octopus vulgaris) fishery in Yucatan, Mexico. J. Shellfish. Res. 32: 845-854.

Young I.A.G., Pierce G.J., Murphy J., Daly H.I., Bailey N. 2006. Application of the Gómez-Muñoz model to estimate catch and effort in squid fisheries in Scotland. Fish. Res. 78: 26-38.

Zar J.H. 1999. Biostatistical analysis, 3rd ed. Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, USA. 663 pp.



How to Cite

Avendaño O, Velázquez-Abunader I, Rocha F, Guerra Ángel. Using fisher’s knowledge to estimate catch and effort in the large-scale octopus fishery on the eastern Campeche Bank (Mexico, NW Atlantic). scimar [Internet]. 2022Sep.21 [cited 2022Sep.27];86(3):e037. Available from:




Funding data

Most read articles by the same author(s)