Baseline study of the distribution of marine debris on soft-bottom habitats associated with trawling grounds in the northern Mediterranean

Authors

  • Pilar Sánchez Institut de Ciències del Mar, CSIC
  • Mercedes Masó Institut de Ciències del Mar, CSIC
  • Raquel Sáez Institut de Ciències del Mar, CSIC
  • Silvia de Juan Institut de Ciències del Mar, CSIC
  • Alba Muntadas Institut de Ciències del Mar, CSIC
  • Montserrat Demestre Institut de Ciències del Mar, CSIC

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar03702.10A

Keywords:

marine debris, seabed plastic accumulation, colonized benthic plastics, northern Mediterranean Sea

Abstract


The present study aims to analyse the local and regional variability in the density and typology of marine debris on fishing grounds on the northern Mediterranean continental shelf, and to test relationships between marine litter and trawl fishing activity. Moreover, the colonization of plastics was examined in order to study the importance of plastics as a source of impact on marine communities and their further environmental implications. This study surveyed 11 sites, associated with trawling grounds and subjected to different levels of fishing intensity, located in four areas of the Mediterranean: one in Italy, the Central Tyrrhenian coast, one in Greece, the eastern Ionian coast, and two in Spain, the Murcian and Catalan coasts. Samples were collected during an oceanographic cruise undertaken from the 21 May to the 24 June 2009. Results showed geographical variation in the density of marine debris which ranged from 0 to 405 pieces per hectare in the surveyed areas, plastics being the dominant components. Variability within sites was higher than between areas, indicating small-scale patchiness in the distribution of the debris over the seafloor. Though the study areas were within trawling grounds, the density of debris was not significantly correlated with fishing effort. More than 30% of plastics were between 10 and 20 cm width/length, and more than 40% of the plastics were colonized by a biofilm of microorganisms, suggesting indirect effects on benthic communities.

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Published

2013-06-30

How to Cite

1.
Sánchez P, Masó M, Sáez R, de Juan S, Muntadas A, Demestre M. Baseline study of the distribution of marine debris on soft-bottom habitats associated with trawling grounds in the northern Mediterranean. scimar [Internet]. 2013Jun.30 [cited 2021Sep.27];77(2):247-55. Available from: https://scientiamarina.revistas.csic.es/index.php/scientiamarina/article/view/1459

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