Scientia Marina, Vol 70, No 3 (2006)

Gelatinous zooplankton net-collected in the Gulf of Maine and adjacent submarine canyons: new species, new family (Jeanbouilloniidae), taxonomic remarks and some parasites


https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.2006.70n3363

Francesc Pagès
Institut de Ciències del Mar (CSIC), Barcelona, Spain

Per Flood
Bathybiologica A/S, Norway

Marsh Youngbluth
Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution, Fort Pierce, Florida, United States

Abstract


A systematic account is provided of the siphonophores, medusae, ctenophores, molluscs and salps net-collected in basins of the Gulf of Maine and adjacent canyons during three cruises carried out in September 2002, 2003 and 2004. We describe the siphonophore Lensia quadriculata sp. nov. and the hydroidomedusae Jeanbouillonia maserati gen. nov. et sp. nov., the latter is the first member of the new family Jeanbouilloniidae. New observations are made about the morphology and/or systematics of the siphonophore Gilia reticulata and the hydroidomedusae Bougainvillia platygaster, Bougainvillia principis, Modeeria rotunda, Clytia hemisphaerica, Orchistoma collapsum and Dichotomia cannoides. Parasites associated with the ctenophores Pleurobrachia pileus (a cestode) and Beroe sp. (a hyperid amphipod) are reported.


Keywords


gelatinous zooplankton; Gulf of Maine; new species; Jeanbouillonia; Lensia; Gilia; Bougainvillia; Modeeria; Dichotomia; Dipleurosoma

Full Text:


PDF

References


Agassiz, A. – 1865. Illustrated catalogue of the Museum Comparative Zoology at Harvard College, No 2. North American Acalephae: 1-234.

Bigelow, H.B. – 1909. Medusae. Rep. Sci. Res. Exped. Eastern Tropical Pacific U.S. Fish Comm. “St. Albatross” 1904-1905. XVI. Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard, 37: 1-243.

Bigelow, H.B. – 1914. Fauna of New England.12. List of the medusae craspedotae, siphonophorae, scyphomedusae, ctenophorae. Occ. Pap. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., 7: 1-38.

Bigelow, H.B. – 1926. Plankton of the offshore waters of the Gulf of Maine. Bull. Bur. Fish., 60: 1-509.

Boero, F., J. Bouillon and C. Gravili. – 2000. A survey of Zanclea, Halocoryne and Zanclella (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa, Anthomedusae, Zancleidae) with description of new species. Ital. J. Zool., 67: 93-124.

Bouillon, J. – 1978. Hydroméduses de la mer de Bismarck (Papouasie, Nouvelle-Guinée). I.- Anthomedusae Capitata (Hydrozoa-Cnidaria). Cah. Biol. Mar., 19: 249-297.

Bouillon, J. – 1984a. Révision de la famille des Phialucidae (Kramp 1955) (Leptomedusae, Hydrozoa, Cnidaria), avec un essai de classification des Thecatae-Leptomedusae. Indo-Malayan Zool., 1: 1-24.

Bouillon, J. – 1984b. Hydroméduses de la Mer de Bismarck (Papouasie Nouvelle-Guinée). Partie IV. Leptomedusae (Hydrozoa-Cnidaria). Indo-Malayan Zool., 1: 25-113.

Bouillon, J. – 1985. Essai de classification des Hydropolypes- Hydroméduses (Hydrozoa-Cnidaria). Indo-Malayan Zool., 2: 29-243.

Bouillon, J. – 1995. Hydromedusae of the New Zealand Oceanographic Institute (Hydrozoa, Cnidaria). N. Z. J. Zool., 22: 223-238.

Bouillon, J. and F, Boero. – 2000. Synopsis of the families and genera of the hydromedusae of the world, with a list of the worldwide species. Thal. Sal., 24: 47-296.

Bouillon, J., M.D. Medel, F. Pagès, J.M. Gili, F. Boero and C. Gravili. – 2004. Fauna of the Mediterranean Hydrozoa. Sci. Mar., 68 (Suppl. 2): 1-449.

Brinckmann-Voss, A. and M.N. Arai. – 1998. Further notes on Leptolida (Hydrozoa:Cnidaria) from Canadian Pacific waters. Zool. Verh., 323: 37-68.

Brooks, W.K. – 1903. On a new genus of hydroid jelly-fishes. Proc. Am. Phil. Soc., 42: 11-14.

Cairns, S.D, D.R. Calder, A. Brinckmann-Voss, C.B. Castro, D.G. Fautin, P.R. Pugh, C.E. Mills, W.C. Jaap., M.N. Arai, S.H.D. Haddock and D.M. Opresko. – 2002. Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebartes from the United States and Canada: Cnidaria and Ctenophora, second edition 2002. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ., 28: 1-115.

Calder, D.R. – 1991. Shallow-water hydroids of Bermuda: the thecatae, exclusive of Plumularioidea. Life Sci. Contr., 154: 1-140.

Cleave, H.J. van. – 1927. Ctenophores as the host of a cestode. Trans. Am. Micr. Soc., 46: 214-215. doi:10.2307/3221961

Edwards, C. – 1963. On the anthomedusae Tiaranna rotunda and Modeeria formosa. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K., 43: 457-467.

Edwards, C. – 1966. The hydroid and the medusa Bougainvillia principis, and a review of the British species of Bougainvillia. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K., 46: 129-152.

Edwards, C. – 1973. The medusa Modeeria rotunda and its hydroid Stegopoma fastigiatum, with a review of Stegopoma and Stegolaria. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K., 53: 573-600.

Fewkes, J.W. – 1888. On certain medusae from New England. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harv. Univ., 13: 209-240.

Flag, C.N. – 1987. Hydrographic structure and variability. In: R.H. Backus and D.W. Bourne (eds.) Georges Bank, pp. 108-124. Coastal Research Center, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole.

Hartlaub, C. – 1917. Nordisches Plankton,Craspedoten Medusen, XII, I, 4: 411-414.

Kramp, P.L. – 1942. Medusae. The Godthaab Expedition 1928. Meddr. Grønland. 81: 1-168.

Kramp, P.L. – 1959. Hydromedusae of the Atlantic Ocean and adjacent waters. Dana Rep., 46: 1-283.

Larson, R.J., G.R. Richardson, P.R. Pugh, J.A. Janssen, R.H. Gibbs, J.E. Craddock, C.E. Mills, R.L. Miller and R.W. Gilmer. – 1988. Midwater community studies off New England using the Johnson Sea-Link submersibles. NOAA Nat. Und. Res. Prog, Res. Rep., 88-4: 265-281.

Lauckner, G. – 1980. Diseases of Ctenophora. In: O. Kinne, (ed.) Diseases of marine animals. Vol. 1. General aspects. Protozoa to Gastropoda, pp. 239-253. John Wiley & Sons.

Mayer, A.G. – 1912. Ctenophores of the Atlantic coast of North America. Carnegie Institution, Washington: 1-58.

Mianzan, H.W., N. Mari, B. Prenski and F. Sánchez. – 1996. Fish predation on neritic ctenophores from the Argentine continental shelf: A neglected food resource?. Fish. Res., 27: 69-79. doi:10.1016/0165-7836(95)00459-9

Mills, C.E., P.R. Pugh, G.R. Harbison and S.H.D. Haddock. – 1996. Medusae, siphonophores and ctenophores of the Alborán Sea, south-western Mediterranean. Sci. Mar., 60: 145-163.

Pagès, F., J.M. Gili and J. Bouillon. – 1992. Medusae (Hydrozoa, Scyphozoa, Cubozoa) of the Benguela Current (south-western Atlantic). Sci. Mar. 56(Suppl. 1): 1-64.

Pagès, F. and C. Orejas. – 1999. Medusae, siphonophores and ctenophores of the Magellan region. Sci. Mar., 63(Suppl. 1):51-57.

Pugh, P.R. and F. Pagès. – 1995. Is Lensia reticulata a diphyine species (Siphonophorae, Calycophora, Diphyidae)? A redescription. Sci. Mar., 59: 181-192.

Purcell, J.E. and M.N. Arai. – 2001. Interactions of pelagic cnidarians and ctenophores with fish: a review. Hydrobiologia, 451: 27-44. doi:10.1023/A:1011883905394

Ranson, G. – 1936. Méduses provenant des Campagnes du Prince Albert I de Monaco. Rés. Camp. Scient. Monaco, 92: 1-245.

Russell, F.R.S. – 1953. The medusae of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Schuchert, P. – 1996. The marine fauna of New Zealand: athecate hydroids and their medusae (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa). N.Z. Oceanogr. Inst. Mem.,106: 1-159.

Shih, C.-T., A.J.G. Figueira and E.H. Grainger. – 1971. A synopsis of Canadian marine zooplankton. Bull. Fish. Res. Bd. Can., 176: 1-264.

Stunkard, HW. – 1977. Studies on tetraphyllidean and tetrarhynchidean metacestodes from squids taken on the New England coast. Biol Bull., 153: 387-412. doi:10.2307/1540444

Totton, A.K. – 1965. A Synopsis of the Siphonophora. British Museum of Natural History. 230 pp.

Vanucci, M. and W.J. Rees. – 1961. A revision of the genus Bougainvillia (Anthomedusae). Bol. Inst. Oceanogr. Sao Paulo, 9: 57-100.

Wrobel, D. and C.E. Mills. – 1998. Pacific Coast Pelagic Invertebrates-A Guide to the Common Gelatinous Animals. Sea Challengers and the Monterey Bay Aquarium, Monterey, California: 1-108.

Xu, Z. and J. Zhang. – 1978. On the hydromedusae, siphonophores and scyphomedusae from the coast of the east Guandong province and south Fujian province, China. Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Amoien., 17: 19-63.




Copyright (c) 2006 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Contact us scimar@icm.csic.es

Technical support soporte.tecnico.revistas@csic.es