Scientia Marina, Vol 72, No 2 (2008)

Morphological characteristics of five bycatch sharks caught by southern Chilean demersal longline fisheries


https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.2008.72n2231

Andrea Valenzuela
Instituto de Zoología, Universidad Austral de Chile, Chile

Carlos Bustamante
Instituto de Zoología, Universidad Austral de Chile, Chile

Julio Lamilla
Instituto de Zoología, Universidad Austral de Chile, Chile

Abstract


The by-catch of sharks in artisanal demersal pink cusk-eel (Genypterus blacodes) and yellownose skate (Dipturus chilensis) fisheries is frequent within their fishing effort. Nevertheless, there is no registry of landings, which could help to control this problem. This is particularly evident for endemic species, which includes most coastal and deep water Chilean sharks. The main systematic characteristic of these Chondrichthyan species is the external morphology of the neurocraneum. The form and arrangement of the teeth and dermal denticles allow specific differences to be identified. The objective of this paper is to contribute to the biology and systematic knowledge of demersal shark species, teeth and dermal denticle morphology and neurocraneum morphometrics of two species of Scyliorhinids, the redspotted catshark (Schroederichthys chilensis) and the dusky catshark (Halaelurus canescens), as well as three Squaliforms, the granular dogfish (Centroscyllium granulatum), the birdbeak dogfish (Deania calcea) and the spiny dogfish (Squalus acanthias).

Keywords


shark bycatch; teeth; dermal denticles; neurocraneum morphology

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