Scientia Marina, Vol 64, No 4 (2000)

Considerations on the biology of Plesionika edwardsi (Brandt, 1851) (Decapoda, Caridea, Pandalidae) from experimental trap catches in the Spanish western Mediterranean Sea


https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.2000.64n4369

M. García Rodríguez
Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Servicios Centrales, Spain

A. Esteban
Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Centro Oceanográfico de Murcia, Spain

J. L. Pérez Gil
Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Centro Oceanográfico de Murcia, Spain

Abstract


In this study, the results obtained from three experimental trap shrimp (Plesionika edwardsi) fishing cruises in three different seasons are presented. They were carried out during a total of 50 days, of which 43 days were of effective fishing, covering the whole Spanish Mediterranean coast including the island of Alborán. On the whole, the fishing depth varied between 220 and 384 m, with a mean depth of 318 m. The target species appeared in 81% of the total samples carried out, with a mean yield (cpue) of 108.6 g/trap/day. The largest yields (cpue) of this species were from the Balearic islands, followed by Levant region, whereas the Alborán sea gave the lowest yields. The largest mean length was observed on the Levant zone, but on the contrary the smallest mean lengths were found towards the south, more specifically at Alborán island. Significant differences were found in both the relative and absolute growth, between males and females, with equilibrium in the ratio of the sexes (0.49). A total of 15 crustacean and 12 fish species were identified as accompanying fauna, with Conger conger, Plesionika narval and Scyliorhinus canicula being the most important, based on their mean cpue, although differences in the appearance and yields of the species were found in the different zones and depths. However, the mean yields of these species were very low, due to the high selectivity of the fishing gear used. The appearance of Heterocarpus ensifer, deserves a special mention, since it is the second documented record of the species in the Mediterranean.

Keywords


trap-fishery; Plesionika edwardsi; Pandalidae; biology; western Mediterranean Sea

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