Scientia Marina, Vol 65, No S1 (2001)

Methodology to obtain accurate sea surface temperature from locally received NOAA-14 data in the Canary-Azores-Gibraltar area


https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.2001.65s1127

Francisco Eugenio
Signal and Communications Department, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain

J. Marcello
Signal and Communications Department, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain

A. Hernández-Guerra
Physics Department, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain

E. Rovaris
Signal and Communications Department, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain

Abstract


A methodology to obtain the sea surface temperature (SST) in the Canary-Azores-Gibraltar area has been developed. The final accuracy of the AVHRR-based SST retrievals depends both on the accuracy of the measured radiance and the accuracy of the SST retrieval algorithm that converts the measured radiance into sea surface temperature. The procedure made in this framework consists of: (i) a radiance-based non-linearity correction method; (ii) an automatic procedure for the geometric correction, achieving accuracy to the order of the pixel; (iii) an improved algorithm for cloud detection, based on the method of the multiband thresholds; (iv) a new split-window function (SWF) to perform atmospheric correction in CANIGO area. This task has been accomplished by using the matchup data set of AVHRR brightness temperature (channel 4 and 5) and in situ SST data. The matchups were carefully screened from the HRPT scenes of all seasons in 1996-1998. The temporal and spatial coincidences are within 30 minutes and one pixel resolution, respectively. Coefficients of that algorithm are estimated from regression analysis using 60 co-located in situ and satellite measurements (matchups). Error analysis has shown that SST can theoretically be retrieved to within 0.38ºC RMS.

Keywords


sea surface temperature; automatic georeferencing; cloud detection; split window function

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