Scientia Marina, Vol 66, No 1 (2002)

Embryonic and larval development of Lipophrys pholis (Pisces: Blenniidae)


https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.2002.66n121

Claudia Faria
Unidade de Investigação em Eco-Etologia, Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada, Portugal

Rita Borges
Unidade de Investigação em Eco-Etologia, Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada, Portugal

Fátima Gil
Aquário Vasco da Gama, Portugal

Vitor C. Almada
Unidade de Investigação em Eco-Etologia, Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada, Portugal

Emanuel J. Gonçalves
Unidade de Investigação em Eco-Etologia, Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada, Portugal

Abstract


Information on the early ontogeny of Lipophrys pholis is scattered and incomplete. In this paper we describe for the first time the full developmental sequence from egg to juvenile in controlled conditions. In addition, some notes on the spawning behaviour of adults and the behaviour of larvae are provided. During oviposition, the female follows the male´s path, suggesting that the male may apply sperm on the nest before spawning. Embryonic development lasted 16 days (17ºC) and larval development to settlement lasted 29 days (15.5-17.5ºC). At hatching, mean larval total length was 5.0 mm. The larvae hatched with the mouth and anus opened, with pigmented eyes and almost no yolk, and started to feed within one day. They first settled 29 days after hatching (13-14 mm TL) and showed full juvenile pigmentation and behaviour 8 to 9 days later (17-19 mm TL).

Keywords


Lipophrys pholis; early ontogeny; reproductive behaviour; larval behaviour

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