Scientia Marina, Vol 68, No S2 (2004)

Fauna of the Mediterranean Hydrozoa.


https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.2004.68s25

Jean Bouillon
Laboratoire de Biologie Marine, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium

María Dolores Medel
Departamento de Fisiología y Zoología, Facultad de Biologia, Universidad de Sevilla, Spain

Francesc Pagès
Institut de Ciències del Mar (CSIC), Spain

Josep María Gili
Institut de Ciències del Mar (CSIC), Spain

Ferdinando Boero
Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Biologiche ed Ambientali, Stazione di Biologia Marina, Università di Lecce, Italy

Cinzia Gravili
Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Biologiche ed Ambientali, Stazione di Biologia Marina, Università di Lecce, Italy

Abstract


This study provides a systematic account of the hydrozoan species collected up to now in the Mediterranean Sea. All species are described, illustrated and information on morphology and distribution is given for all of them. This work is the most complete fauna of hydrozoans made in the Mediterranean. The fauna includes planktonic hydromedusae, benthic polyps stages and the siphonophores. The Hydrozoa are taken as an example of inconspicuous taxa whose knowledge has greatly progressed in the last decades due to the scientific research of some specialists in the Mediterranean area. The number of species recorded in the Mediterranean almost doubled in the last thirty years and the number of new records is still increasing. The 457 species recorded in this study represents the 12% of the world known species. The fauna is completed with classification keys and a glossary of terms with the main purpose of facilitating the identification of all Meditrranean hydrozoan species

Keywords


Hydrozoa; hydromedusae; hydropolyps; siphonophores; taxonomy; systematics; fauna; Mediterranean

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