Scientia Marina, Vol 84, No 3 (2020)

Presettlement schooling behaviour of a rocky fish in a shallow area. Is it related to local environmental conditions?


https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.05043.19A

Pamela Palacios-Fuentes
Programa de Doctorado en Ciencias Biológicas mención Ecología, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Chile
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3734-8188

Macarena Díaz-Astudillo
Programa de Doctorado en Oceanografía, Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Oceanográficas, Universidad de Concepción, Chile
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4559-4346

María Antonia Reculé
Laboratorio de Ictioplancton (LABITI), Facultad de Ciencias del Mar y de Recursos Naturales, Universidad de Valparaíso,, Chile
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5613-2008

F. Patricio Ojeda
Departamento de Ecología, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Chile
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3872-7435

Mauricio F. Landaeta
Centro de Observación Marino para Estudios de Riesgos del Ambiente Costero (COSTA-R), Universidad de Valparaíso, Spain
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5199-5103

Abstract


This study evaluates the swimming behaviour of pre-settled fish larvae of the triplefin Helcogrammoides chil­ensis (Tripterygiidae) in relation to local environmental conditions. Larval aggregations were recorded on rocky reefs off central Chile during the austral summer of 2014 and 2016 to describe their swimming behaviour (i.e. solitary, shoaling, schooling) and relate it to in situ water temperature, wind stress, wind speed and turbulence. Shoaling and solitary behaviour were influenced only by wind-induced turbulence in 2014 and by seawater temperature and wind stress in 2016. Schooling behaviour was not influenced by any of the environmental variables. In situ swimming behaviour of fish larvae has been little investigated, and this work proposes a non-invasive in situ methodology for studying fish larval behaviour.

Keywords


shoaling; reef fish; settlement; seawater temperature; local winds; turbulence

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