Scientia Marina, Vol 83, No S1 (2019)

Spatio-temporal variability in the distribution pattern of anglerfish species in the Mediterranean Sea


https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.04966.11A

Elena Barcala
Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Centro Oceanográfico de Murcia, Spain
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7444-3790

Jose Maria Bellido
Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Centro Oceanográfico de Murcia, Spain
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6887-4391

Andrea Bellodi
Università degli studi di Cagliari, Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita e dell’Ambiente, Italy
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9017-1692

Pierluigi Carbonara
COISPA Tecnologia e Ricerca, Stazione Sperimentale per lo Studio delle Risorse del Mare Via dei Trulli 18/20, Italy
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2529-2535

Roberto Carlucci
Department of Biology, University of Bari, Italy
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9287-6936

Loredana Casciaro
COISPA Tecnologia e Ricerca, Stazione Sperimentale per lo Studio delle Risorse del Mare Via dei Trulli 18/20, Italy
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4876-9874

Antonio Esteban
Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Centro Oceanográfico de Murcia, Spain
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2896-7972

Angélique Jadaud
IFREMER, Centre Halieutique Méditerranéen et Tropical, Laboratoire de Ressources Halieutiques, France
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6858-3570

Andrea Massaro
APLYSIA, Ricerche applicate all’ecologia e alla biologia marina, Italy
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9224-3883

Panagiota Peristaki
Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Institute of Marine Biological Resources - Biology Department, University of Crete, Greece
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8608-078X

María José Meléndez
Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Centro Oceanográfico de Málaga, Spain
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7901-6176

Jose Luis Pérez Gil
Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Centro Oceanográfico de Málaga, Spain
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1684-0210

Francisca Salmerón
Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Centro Oceanográfico de Málaga, Spain
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8907-5444

Maria Grazia Pennino
Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Centro Oceanográfico de Murcia, Spain
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7577-2617

Abstract


The Mediterranean distributions of two species of anglerfish, the blackbellied anglerfish (Lophius budegassa) and the white anglerfish (Lophius piscatorius), were analysed from trawl survey data (MEDITS project – Spain, France, Italy and Greece) from 2006 to 2015 implementing a Delta model approach with residuals autocovariate boosted regression trees. Sea bottom temperature (SBT), sea bottom salinity (SBS), bathymetry, slope of the seabed and distance to the coast were considered possible predictors. The results show that the locations with a higher presence, abundance and biomass of L. budegassa are those with a depth range between 150 to 300 m, with an SBT range between 17.5 and 18.5°C, and SBS of 37-38 PSU. Similarly, L. piscatorius shows a higher probability of presence, abundance and biomass in location with a bathymetry range of 200-400 m, an SBT of 17.5°C to 18.5°C and an SBS of 36.5 to 37.5. Our results identify preference habitats for the anglerfishes in the Mediterranean Sea such as the Aegean Sea, the Gulf of Lions, south and southeast Spain and the northwestern Ionian Sea. In general terms, these findings enhance our understanding of the differences in the spatio-temporal distribution of these two species, providing useful information that can help their fisheries management and conservation.

Keywords


Lophius budegassa; Lophius piscatorius; species distribution modelling; Mediterranean Sea

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