Scientia Marina, Vol 83, No 2 (2019)

Composition of the fish fauna in a tropical estuary: the ecological guild approach


https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.04855.25A

Valdimere Ferreira
Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco (UFRPE), Brazil
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5051-9439

François Le Loc’h
IRD, Univ. Brest, CNRS, Ifremer, UMR LEMAR, France
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3372-6997

Frédéric Ménard
Aix Marseille Univ., Université de Toulon, CNRS, IRD, UMR MIO, France
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1162-660X

Thierry Frédou
Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco (UFRPE), Brazil
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0510-6424

Flávia L. Frédou
Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco (UFRPE), Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5492-7205

Abstract


Ecological guilds have been widely applied for understanding the structure and functioning of aquatic ecosystems. This study describes the composition and the spatio-temporal changes in the structure of the fish fauna and the movements between the estuary and the coast of a tropical estuary, the Itapissuma/Itamaracá Complex (IIC) in northeastern Brazil. Fish specimens were collected during the dry and rainy seasons in 2013 and 2014. A total of 141 species of 34 families were recorded. Almost half of the species (66 species, 47%) were exclusive to the estuary and 50 species (35%) to the coast; 25 (18%) were common to both environments. Marine species were dominant in both richness and biomass as they explore the environment during part of their life cycle, whereas estuarine species were dominant in abundance. Marine stragglers displayed a higher richness, abundance and biomass in the coastal waters. The estuarine environment was dominated by zoobenthivores in terms of richness, while detritivores prevailed in abundance and biomass. Zoobenthivores had the highest richness and abundance in coastal waters, while piscivores had the highest biomass. The IIC supports a rich fauna with a diverse trophic structure and is an important feeding and development area for migratory species.

Keywords


fish; functional attribute; habitat; Pernambuco; spatial-temporal distribution

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References


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