Scientia Marina, Forthcoming Articles

Spatio-temporal patterns of macrourid fish species in the northern Mediterranean Sea


https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.04889.11A

Cristina García-Ruiz
Centro Oceanográfico de Málaga, Instituto Español de Oceanografía (IEO), Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2767-4200

Manuel Hidalgo
Centro Oceanográfico de Málaga, Instituto Español de Oceanografía (IEO) - Centro Oceanográfico de Baleares, Instituto Español de Oceanografía (IEO), Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3494-9658

Paolo Carpentieri
Centro Interuniversitario di Biologia Marina ed Ecologia Applicata “G. Bacci” (CIBM), Italy
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6209-6333

Ulla Fernandez-Arcaya
Centro Oceanográfico de Baleares, Instituto Español de Oceanografía (IEO), Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5588-3520

Palma Gaudio
COISPA-Tecnologia & Ricerca, Stazione Sperimentale per lo Studio delle Risorse del Mare, Italy
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8501-1168

María González
Centro Oceanográfico de Málaga, Instituto Español de Oceanografía (IEO), Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4248-1765

Angelique Jadaud
MARBEC, France
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6858-3570

Antonello Mulas
Department of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Cagliari, Italy
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1635-691X

Panagiota Peristeraki
Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Institute of Marine Biological Resources and Inland Waters - Biology Department, University of Crete, Greece
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8608-078X

José Luis Rueda
Centro Oceanográfico de Málaga, Instituto Español de Oceanografía (IEO), Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4632-1523

Sergio Vitale
Istituto per le Risorse Biologiche e le Biotecnologie Marine (IRBIM), Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), Italy
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6063-4126

Gianfranco D’Onghia
Department of Biology, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Italy
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0952-9472

Abstract


The present study describes for the first time the spatial distribution of five macrourid species throughout the Mediterranean Sea and analyses depth, geographical and time-related trends regarding their abundance, biomass and mean fish weight. The data were collected as part of the MEDITS annual bottom trawl survey carried out by several European Mediterranean countries from 1994 to 2015, using the same standardized gear and sampling protocol. The most represented species in terms of abundance and biomass was Coelorinchus caelorhincus. The bathymetric trend was different for each species. The shallowest occurring species was C. caelorhincus, followed by Hymenocephalus italicus and Nezumia sclerorhynchus, while Nezumia aequalis and Trachyrincus scabrus were the deepest. Overall, the mean weight of all the species increased with depth. C. caelorhincus and H. italicus occurred in the entire study area: the first species showed relatively high catches in most areas, while the second was more abundant in the central and easternmost areas. N. aequalis and T. scabrus were mainly reported in the western basin, and N. sclerorhynchus in the central-eastern areas of the Mediterranean. An increasing inter-annual trend in abundance was only detected for C. caelorhincus and N. sclerorhynchus, while variable fluctuations were observed in the other species.

Keywords


macrourids; Mediterranean; bathymetric distribution; geographic distribution; spatio-temporal trends; deep-sea; trawl survey

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