Scientia Marina, Vol 82, No 3 (2018)

Scorpaena decemradiata new species (Teleostei: Scorpaenidae) from the Gulf of Aqaba, northern Red Sea, a species distinct from Scorpaena porcus


https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.04824.17A

Ronald Fricke , Germany
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1476-6990

Daniel Golani
National Natural History Collections and Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4575-3324

Brenda Appelbaum-Golani
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3237-6980

Uwe Zajonz
Senckenberg Biodiversität und Klima Forschungszentrum - Senckenberg Forschungsinstitut und Naturmuseum, Germany
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6106-1411

Abstract


The scorpionfish Scorpaena decemradiata n. sp. is described from off the coast of Israel in the Gulf of Aqaba, northern Red Sea. The new species is similar to S. porcus Linnaeus, 1758, but is characterized by dorsal fin spines XII, soft dorsal fin rays 10 (the last divided at base); pectoral fin rays 16, uppermost branched pectoral fin ray is the second; lacrimal with 2 spines over maxilla that point at nearly right angle from each other, the posterior pointing ventrally and slightly anteriorly; occipital pit well developed; anteriormost mandibular lateral-line pores small, separated; scales ctenoid; 59-62 scale rows in longitudinal series; scales absent on chest and pectoral fin base; and cirri developed over entire head and body, but no cirri on lower jaw. An updated checklist of the species of the genus Scorpaena Linnaeus, 1758 and a key to the species of the eastern Atlantic, Mediterranean Sea and Red Sea are presented.

Keywords


taxonomy; fishes; new species; Red Sea; distribution; checklist; key

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References


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