Scientia Marina, Vol 82, No 1 (2018)

From paper to practice: an initial approach to implementation of the environmental monitoring plan for fish farming proposed by JACUMAR


https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.04607.08A

Elena Martinez-Garcia
Department of Marine Science and Applied Biology, University of Alicante, Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4506-9442

Victoria Fernandez-Gonzalez
Department of Marine Science and Applied Biology, University of Alicante, Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5742-9831

Felipe Aguado-Giménez
IMIDA, Estación Acuicultura Marina, Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8931-6180

José Luis Sánchez-Lizaso
Department of Marine Science and Applied Biology, University of Alicante, Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3927-5699

Pablo Sanchez-Jerez
Department of Marine Science and Applied Biology, University of Alicante, Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4047-238X

Abstract


The Spanish National Advisory Board of Mariculture (JACUMAR) developed an initiative to unify methodologies between the regions of Spain, in which they proposed the implementation of site-specific “Environmental Monitoring Plans” (EMPs). In this study, we tested the feasibility of an EMP on a fish farm in the Mediterranean Sea. The methods and tools proposed in the EMP are highly useful for environmental monitoring of aquaculture. However, spatial heterogeneity figured prominently in a univariate analysis with environmental variables and a multivariate analysis of polychaete assemblages. This variability may be due to habitat patchiness, and may therefore be solved by an improved experimental design, e.g. by adding replications for increasing statistical power. Multivariate analysis of polychaete assemblages provided accurate information about the quality of the sediment. This information could also be improved using ecological data about key polychaete families in order to avoid misleading results. Thus, the JACUMAR EMP has proved useful in providing precise information about the ecological status of marine benthic habitats, meeting the requirements of current European Directives. However, we suggest that some modifications may be required in order to account for possible misleading thresholds for environmental quality standards, spatial heterogeneity and increasing power analyses.

Keywords


aquaculture; environmental management; spatial variations; abiotic parameters; polychaete assemblages; environmental monitoring plan

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