Scientia Marina, Vol 80, No 2 (2016)

Stock enhancement by hatchery-released turbot, Psetta maxima, in the southeastern Black Sea: capture, migration, growth and diet analyses


https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.04324.25A

Orhan Ak
Central Fisheries Research Institute, Turkey

Binnur Ceylan
General Directorates of Fisheries and Aquaculture, Turkey

İlhan Aydin
Central Fisheries Research Institute, Turkey

Hamza Polat
Central Fisheries Research Institute, Turkey

Ercan Küçük
Central Fisheries Research Institute, Turkey

Oğuzhan Eroğlu
Central Fisheries Research Institute, Turkey

Kostas Kapiris
Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Institute of Marine Biological Resources and Inland Waters, Greece

Abstract


In this study, the capture, growth, migration and diet of hatchery-released turbots (Psetta maxima) were examined in the southeastern Black Sea region for six years (2009-2014). A total of 9933 turbots were marked with individual serial-numbered T-bar anchor tags and released at Trabzon, Turkey. The mean TL and weight of the released turbots were 12.91 cm (±1.25) and 35.41 g (±12.38) and the same measurements for the captured turbots were 31.17±0.86 cm and 878.08±69.47 g, respectively. A total of 2.7% (270 fishes) of the tagged individuals were captured during the study period and the age of the captured tagged fishes was between 0+ and 5+ years. Growth of the captured turbots was analytically examined. Movements of the tagged turbots were expressed as “resident” and “migratory”. Three prey groups showed the majority of forage organisms; teleost fishes, crustaceans and mollusks in the stomach of the captured turbots. The hatchery-released turbots might be used for stock enhancement due to their high growth rate and commercial value, and their relatively limited migration range.

Keywords


turbot; stock enhancement; tagged; capture; growth; migration; feeding; Black Sea

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