Scientia Marina, Vol 79, No 1 (2015)

Food and habitat choice in the spider crab Leucippa pentagona (Majoidea: Epialtidae) in Bahía Bustamante, Patagonia, Argentina

Martin Varisco
Instituto de Desarrollo Costero, Universidad Nacional de la Patagonia San Juan Bosco , Argentina

Lucas Martín
Laboratorio de Ficología y Micología, Departamento de Biología, Bioquímica y Farmacia, Universidad Nacional del Sur - Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas de la República Argentina , Argentina

Héctor Zaixso
Instituto de Desarrollo Costero, Universidad Nacional de la Patagonia San Juan Bosco , Argentina

Cecilia Velasquez
Instituto de Desarrollo Costero, Universidad Nacional de la Patagonia San Juan Bosco , Argentina

Julio Vinuesa
Instituto de Desarrollo Costero, Universidad Nacional de la Patagonia San Juan Bosco - Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas de la República Argentina , Argentina


The aim of the present study was to analyse the feeding strategy and spatial distribution of the spider crab Leucippa pentagona in Bahía Bustamante (Patagonia, Argentina). Several microhabitat variables that could influence the spatial distribution of this crab were related to its different life stages by using redundancy analysis. Regarding its feeding preferences, we found that the sphacelariales Halopteris spp. and Sphacelaria fusca, epiphytes of the alga Gracilaria gracilis, represented over 70% of its diet. Conversely, consumption of G. gracilis was low throughout the year. These feeding preferences can be related to the higher proportion of ash-free dry mass of sphacelariales. A close association was observed between G. gracilis biomass and recruits and mature crabs; this relationship was stronger at critical periods of the crab’s life cycle such as incubation or moult. Intermolt juveniles were related to G. gracilis0 as well as to other species of macroalgae. Our results suggest that G. gracilis plays a key role in the small-scale distribution of L. pentagona in Bahía Bustamante, providing food and shelter. The consumption of G. gracilis epiphytes allows L. pentagona to maintain high foraging rates at safe living sites, minimizing the damage to G. gracilis.


Leucippa pentagona; Gracilaria gracilis; microhabitat; subtidal beds; epiphyte consumption; Sphacelariales

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