Scientia Marina, Vol 77, No 4 (2013)

Acarnidae (Porifera: Demospongiae: Poecilosclerida) from the Mexican Pacific Ocean with the description of six new species


https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.03800.06A

Jose Maria Aguilar-Camacho
Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y Limnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico

Jose Luis Carballo
Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y Limnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico

Jose Antonio Cruz-Barraza
Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y Limnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico

Abstract


The family Acarnidae is characterized by sponges with ectosomal diactinal spicules and choanosomal monactinal spicules. Microscleres include palmate isochelae, toxas and echinating acanthostyles. We described ten species from the Mexican Pacific Ocean. Six of them are new to science: Acarnus michoacanensis n. sp., Acarnus oaxaquensis n. sp., Acarnus sabulum n. sp., Acheliderma fulvum n. sp., Megaciella toxispinosa n. sp. and Iophon bipocillum n. sp. Four are known in Eastern Pacific waters: Acarnus erithacus, Acarnus peruanus, Megaciella microtoxa and Iophon indentatum.

Keywords


Porifera; Acarnidae; Mexican Pacific; taxonomy; new species

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