Scientia Marina, Vol 77, No 4 (2013)

The evolution of the molluscan biota of Sabaudia Lake: a matter of human history


https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.03858.05M

Armando Macali
Dipartimento di Biologia, Università Roma , Italy

Anxo Conde
IBB-Institute for Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Center for Biological and Chemical Engineering, Instituto Superior Técnico (IST) - Departamento de Ecoloxía e Bioloxía Animal, Universidade de Vigo , Portugal

Carlo Smriglio
Dipartimento di Biologia, Università Roma , Italy

Paolo Mariottini
Dipartimento di Biologia, Università Roma , Italy

Fabio Crocetta
Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn , Italy

Abstract


The evolution of the molluscan biota in Sabaudia Lake (Italy, central Tyrrhenian Sea) in the last century is hereby traced on the basis of bibliography, museum type materials, and field samplings carried out from April 2009 to September 2011. Biological assessments revealed clearly distinct phases, elucidating the definitive shift of this human-induced coastal lake from a freshwater to a marine-influenced lagoon ecosystem. Records of marine subfossil taxa suggest that previous accommodations to these environmental features have already occurred in the past, in agreement with historical evidence. Faunal and ecological insights are offered for its current malacofauna, and special emphasis is given to alien species. Within this framework, Mytilodonta Coen, 1936, Mytilodonta paulae Coen, 1936 and Rissoa paulae Coen in Brunelli and Cannicci, 1940 are also considered new synonyms of Mytilaster Monterosato, 1884, Mytilaster marioni (Locard, 1889) and Rissoa membranacea (J. Adams, 1800). Finally, human-driven environmental changes and cumulative anthropogenic pressures proved to be the whole driver of the constitution of the human-induced malacofauna studied, casting doubts on the correct use of the definition of “native fauna”.

Keywords


Sabaudia Lake; Tyrrhenian Sea; Mollusca; alpha diversity; human-driven environmental changes

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