Scientia Marina, Vol 77, No 3 (2013)

Distribution patterns of Syllidae (Annelida: Polychaeta) from seagrass (Zostera marina and Z. noltei) meadows in the Ensenada de O Grove (Galicia, NW Spain)


https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.03770.26A

Patricia Quintas
Departamento de Ecoloxía e Bioloxía Animal, Facultade de Ciencias, Universidad de Vigo , Spain

Juan Moreira
Departamento de Biología (Zoología), Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid , Spain

Jesús S. Troncoso
Departamento de Ecoloxía e Bioloxía Animal, Facultade de Ciencias, Universidad de Vigo , Spain

Abstract


This paper describes the distribution and composition of the syllid fauna inhabiting seagrass meadows in the Ensenada de O Grove (NW Spain). Samples were collected on muddy sediments colonized by either Zostera marina L., Zostera noltei Hornemann or by a mixed meadow with both species. Syllids were dominant (13340 individuals; 37% of total polychaete abundance), including 22 species (12 genera). The mixed meadows housed the highest number of species and the Z. noltei meadow had practically no syllids. The dominant species were Exogone naidina, Parapionosyllis elegans, Parexogone hebes and Prosphaerosyllis campoyi ( > 80% of total abundance). Carnivores (mainly species of Parapionosyllis, Amblyosyllis, and Streptosyllis) were dominant, especially in muddy sand with either Z. marina or Z. noltei and sandy mud with a mixed meadow. The most important abiotic variables for explaining the composition and distribution of the syllid fauna were bottom water salinity, sorting coefficient and carbonate content. The highest number of species was recorded at sites with a high salinity and carbonate content and the lowest at sites with a high sorting coefficient.

Keywords


Syllidae; seagrass meadows; Zostera marina; Zostera noltei; diversity; multivariate analysis; Atlantic Ocean; Spain

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References


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