Scientia Marina, Vol 77, No 2 (2013)

Reproductive output traits of the simultaneous hermaphrodite Serranus scriba in the western Mediterranean


https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.03757.26A

Josep Alós
Instituto Mediterráneo de Estudios Avanzados (IMEDEA), CSIC-UIB, Spain

Alexandre Alonso-Fernández
Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas (IIM), CSIC, Spain

Ignacio A. Catalán
Instituto Mediterráneo de Estudios Avanzados (IMEDEA), CSIC-UIB, Spain

Miquel Palmer
Instituto Mediterráneo de Estudios Avanzados (IMEDEA), CSIC-UIB, Spain

Susan Lowerre-Barbieri
Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Fish and Wildlife Research Institute, United States

Abstract


We studied multiple individual parameters that affect the reproductive output in the painted comber Serranus scriba, a simultaneous hermaphroditic fish that is widely exploited by recreational fishing in temperate marine coastal regions. Batch fecundity was significantly affected by maternal size, but was not related to maternal age or condition. However, egg quality as estimated by egg dry weight was significantly influenced by the interaction effect of maternal size and age. An empirical assessment demonstrated the existence of a diel spawning pattern based on a daily release of a partial fraction of eggs related to sunset time. Buoyancy varied during the incubation period, but it consistently resulted in positive buoyancy that situated the eggs near the top of the water column. This study represents the first estimation of reproductive output of the simultaneous hermaphrodites S. scriba and also provides a comprehensive study about the potential maternal factors that affect egg production. These results are a crucial step towards ongoing efforts to improve the stock assessment of this species.

Keywords


batch fecundity; egg buoyancy; egg quality; maternal effects; Mediterranean; Serranus scriba

Full Text:


PDF

References


Adlandsvik B., Coombs S., Sundby S., Temple G. 2001. Buoyancy and vertical distribution of eggs and larvae of blue whiting (Micromesistius poutassou): observations and modelling. Fish. Res. 50: 59-72. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0165-7836(00)00242-3

Alonso-Fernández A., Alós J., Grau A., Domínguez-Petit R., Saborido-Rey F. 2011. The use of histological techniques to study the reproductive biology of the hermaphroditic Mediterranean fishes Coris julis, Serranus scriba and Diplodus annularis. Mar Coast Fish. 3: 145-159. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19425120.2011.556927

Alonso-Fernández A., Domínguez-Petit R., Bao M., Rivas C., Saborido-Rey F. 2008. Spawning pattern and reproductive strategy of female pouting Trisopterus luscus (Gadidae) on the Galician shelf of north-western Spain. Aquat. Living Resour. 21: 383-393. http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/alr:2008059

Alonso-Fernández A., Vallejo A.C., Saborido-Rey F., Murua H., Trippel E.A. 2009. Fecundity estimation of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) and haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) of Georges Bank: Application of the autodiametric method. Fish. Res. 99: 47-54. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fishres.2009.04.011

Alós J. 2008. Influence of anatomical hooking depth, capture depth, and venting on mortality of painted comber (Serranus scriba) released by recreational anglers. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 65: 1620-1625. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsn151

Alos J., Palmer M., Balle S., Grau A.M., Morales-Nin B. 2010. Individual growth pattern and variability in Serranus scriba: a Bayesian analysis. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 67: 502-512. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsp265

Alós J., Palmer M., Grau A.M., Deudero S. 2008. Effects of hook size and barbless hooks on hooking injury, catch per unit effort, and fish size in a mixed-species recreational fishery in the western Mediterranean Sea. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 65: 899-905. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsn067

Armstrong M.J., Witthames P.R. 2012. Developments in understanding of fecundity of fish stocks in relation to egg production methods for estimating spawning stock biomass. Fish. Res. 117-118: 35-47. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fishres.2010.12.028

Basterretxea G., Jordi A., Catalán I.A., Sabatés A. 2012. Modelbased assessment of local-scale fish larval connectivity in a network of marine protected areas. Fish. Oceanogr. 21: 291-306. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2419.2012.00625.x

Berkeley S.A., Chapman C., Sogard S.M. 2004. Maternal age as a determinant of larval growth and survival in a marine fish, Sebastes melanops. Ecology 85: 1258-1264. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/03-0706

Blanchard J.L., Frank K.Y., Simon J.E. 2003. Effects of condition on fecundity and total egg production of eastern Scotian Shelf haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus). Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 60: 321-322. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/f03-024

Bromley P.J., Ravier C., Witthames P.R. 2000. The influence of feeding regime on sexual maturation, fecundity and atresia in first-time spawning turbot. J. Fish Biol. 56: 264-278. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8649.2000.tb02105.x

Brooks S., Tyler C.R., Sumpter J.P. 1997. Egg quality in fish: what makes a good egg? Rev. Fish Biol. Fish. 7: 387-416. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1018400130692

Coombs S.H. 1981. A density-gradient column for determining the specific gravity of fish eggs, with particular reference to eggs of the mackerel Scomber scombrus. Mar. Biol. 63: 101-106. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00394667

Coombs S.H., Fosh C.A., Keen M.A. 1985. The Buoyancy and Vertical Distribution of Eggs of Sprat (Sprattus Sprattus) and Pilchard (Sardina pilchardus). J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. UK 65: 461-474. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0025315400050542

Coombs S.H., Nichols J.H., Fosh C.A. 1990. Plaice eggs (Pleuronectes platessa L.) in the southern North Sea: abundance, spawning area, vertical distribution, and buoyancy. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 47: 133-139. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/47.2.133

Cowen R. K., Paris C. B., Srinivasan A. 2006. Scaling of connectivity in marine populations. Science 311: 522-527. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1122039 PMid:16357224

Deudero S., Morey G., Frau A., Moranta J., Moreno I. 2008. Temporal trends of littoral fishes at deep Posidonia oceanica seagrass meadows in a temperate coastal zone. J. Mar. Syst. 70: 182-195. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2007.05.001

García-Díaz M., González J.A., Lorente M.J., Tuset V.M. 2006. Spawning season, maturity sizes, and fecundity in blacktail comber (Serranus atricauda) (Serranidae) from the easterncentral Atlantic. Fish. Bull. 104: 159-166.

Gladstone W. 2007. Selection of a spawning aggregation site by Chromis hypsilepis (Pisces: Pomacentridae): habitat structure, transport potential, and food availability. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 351: 235-247. http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps07108

Govoni J.J., Forward R.B. 2008. Buoyancy. In: Finn R.N., Kapoor B.G. (eds.), Fish larval physiology. Science Publishers, Enfield, New Hampshire, pp. 495-521.

Johnston T.A., Leggett W.C. 2002. Maternal and environmental gradients in the egg size of an iteroparous fish. Ecology 83: 1777-1791. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/0012-9658(2002)083[1777:MAEGIT]2.0.CO;2

Kitajima C., Yamane Y., Matsui S., Kihara Y., Furuichi M. 1993. Ontogenetic change in buoyancy in the early stage of red sea bream. Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi 59: 7. http://dx.doi.org/10.2331/suisan.59.209

Kitajima C., Yamane Y., Matsui S. 1994a. Developmental changes in specific gravity in the early stages of the japanese flounder Paralychthys olivacous. Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi 60: 6.

Kitajima C., Yamane Y., Matsui S. 1994b, Ontogenetic changes in specific gravity during early development of black sea bream. Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi 60: 7.

Kjesbu O.S., Klungsoyr J., Kryvi H., Witthames P.R., Greer Walker M. 1991. Fecundity, atresia, and egg size of captive Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) in relation to proximate body composition. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 48: 2333-2343. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/f91-274

Kjorsvik E., Mangor-Jensen A., Holmefjord I. 1990. Egg quality in fishes. Adv. Mar. Biol. 26: 71-114. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0065-2881(08)60199-6

Kraus G., Müller A., Trella K., Köuster F.W. 2000. Fecundity of Baltic cod: temporal and spatial variation. J. Fish Biol. 56: 1327-1341. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8649.2000.tb02146.x

Lambert Y. 2008. Why Should we closely monitor fecundity in marine fish populations? J. Northwest Atl. Fish. Sci. 41: 93-106. Lowerre-Barbieri S.K., Ganias K., Saborido-Rey F., Murua H., Hunter J.R. 2011. Reproductive timing in marine fishes: variability, temporal scales and methods. Mar. Coast Fish. 3: 71-91.

Lowerre-Barbieri S.K., Henderson N., Llopiz J., Walters S., Bickford J., Muller R. 2009. Defining a spawning population (spotted seatrout Cynoscion nebulosus) over temporal, spatial, and demographic scales. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 394: 231-245. http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps08262

Marino G., Panini E., Longobardi A., Mandich A., Finoia M.G., Zohar Y., Mylonas C.C. 2003. Induction of ovulation in captivereared dusky grouper, Epinephelus marginatus (Lowe, 1834), with a sustained-release GnRHa implant. Aquaculture 219: 841-858. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0044-8486(03)00036-X

Marshall C.T., Kjesbu O.S., Yaragina N.A., Solemdal P., Ulltang O. 1998. Is spawner biomass a sensitive measure of the reproductive and recruitment potential of northeast Arctic cod? Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 55: 1766-1783. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/f98-062

Marshall C.T., Needle C.L., Thorsen A., Kjesbu O.S., Yaragina N.A. 2006. Systematic bias in estimates of reproductive potential of an Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) stock: implications for stock–recruit theory and management. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 63: 980-994. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/f05-270

Marteinsdottir G., Steinarsson A. 1998. Maternal influence on the size and viability of Iceland cod Gadus morhua eggs and larvae. J. Fish Biol. 52: 1241-1258.

Miller T.J., Crowder L.B., Rice J.A., Marschall E.A. 1988. Larval Size and Recruitment Mechanisms in Fishes: Toward a Conceptual Framework. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 45: 1657-1670. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/f88-197

Morales-Nin B., Moranta J., Garcia C., Tugores M.P., Grau A.M., Riera F., Cerda M. 2005. The recreational fishery off Majorca Island (western Mediterranean): some implications for coastal resource management. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 62: 727-739. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.icesjms.2005.01.022

Morgan M.J. 2004. The relationship between fish condition and the probability of being mature in American plaice (Hippoglossoides platessoides). ICES J. Mar. Sci. 61: 64-70. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.icesjms.2003.09.001

Morgan M.J. 2008. Integrating reproductive biology into scientific advice for fisheries management. J. Northwest Atl. Fish. Sci. 41: 37-51. http://dx.doi.org/10.2960/J.v41.m615

Motos L. 1996. Reproductive biology and fecundity of the Bay of Biscay anchovy population (Engraulis encrasicolus L.). Sci. Mar. 60: 195-207.

Murua H., Kraus G., Saborido-Rey F., Witthames P.R., Thorsen A., Junquera S. 2003. Procedures to estimate fecundity of marine fish species relation to their reproductive strategy. J. Northwest Atl. Fish. Sci. 33: 33-54. http://dx.doi.org/10.2960/J.v33.a3

Mylonas C.C., Zohar Y. 2000. Use of GnRHa-delivery systems for the control of reproduction in fish. Rev. Fish Biol. Fish. 10: 463-491. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1012279814708

Needle C.L. 2001. Recruitment models: diagnosis and prognosis. Rev. Fish Biol. Fish. 11: 95-111. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1015208017674

Nissling A., Larsson R., Vallin L., Frohlund K. 1998. Assessment of egg and larval viability in cod, Gadus morhua: methods and results from an experimental study. Fish. Res. 38: 169-186. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0165-7836(98)00121-0

Ospina-Álvarez A., Palomera I., Parada C. 2012. Changes in egg buoyancy during development and its effects on the vertical distribution of anchovy eggs. Fish. Res. 117-118: 86-95. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fishres.2011.01.030

Petersen C. 1995. Reproductive behavior, egg trading, and correlates of male mating success in the simultaneous hermaphrodite, Serranus tabacarius. Environ. Biol. Fishes 43: 351-361. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00001169

Pinheiro J., Bates D., DebRoy S., Sarkar D. 2010. nlme: Linear and Nonlinear Mixed Effects Models. R package version 3.1-97 [online].

R Development Core Team. 2011. R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. Vienna, Austria, R Foundation for Statistical Computing.

Ricker W. 1975. Computation and interpretation of biological statistics of fish populations. Otawa, Department of environment fishereis and marine service. Bull. Fish. Res. Board of Canada. PMid:1055094

Riis-Vestergaard J. 2002. Energy density of marine pelagic fish eggs. J. Fish Biol. 60: 1511-1528. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8649.2002.tb02444.x

Saborido-Rey F., Kjesbu O.S., Thorsen A. 2003. Buoyancy of Atlantic cod larvae in relation to developmental stage and maternal influences. J. Plankton Res. 25: 291-307. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/plankt/25.3.291

Sundby S. 1997. Turbulence and ichthyoplankton: influence on vertical distributions and encounter rates. Sci. Mar. 61: 159-176.

Thorsen A., Kjesbu O. S., Fyhndr H. J., Solemdal P. 1996. Physiological mechanisms of buoyancy in eggs from brackish water cod. J. Fish. Biol. 48: 457-477. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8649.1996.tb01440.x

Tomkiewicz J., Morgan M.J., Burnett J., Saborido-Rey F. 2003. Available information for estimating reproductive potential of Northwest Atlantic Groundfish stock. J. Northwest Atl. Fish. Sci. 33: 1-21. http://dx.doi.org/10.2960/J.v33.a1

Trippel E.A. 1999. Estimation of stock reproductive potential: history and challenges for Canadian Atlantic gadoid stock assessments. J. Northwest Atl. Fish. Sci. 25: 61-81. http://dx.doi.org/10.2960/J.v25.a6

Tuset V.M., Garcia-Diaz M.M., Gonzalez J.A., Lorente M.J., Lozano I.J. 2005. Reproduction and growth of the painted comber Serranus scriba (Serranidae) of the Marine Reserve of Lanzarote Island (Central-Eastern Atlantic). Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci. 64: 335-346. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2005.02.026

Vallin L., Nissling A. 2000. Maternal effects on egg size and egg buoyancy of Baltic cod, Gadus morhua. Implications for stock structure effects on recruitment. Fish. Res. 49: 21-37. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0165-7836(00)00194-6

Wieland K., Jarre-Teichmann A., Horbowa K. 2000. Changes in the timing of spawning of Baltic cod: possible causes and implications for recruitment. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 57: 452-464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jmsc.1999.0522

Witthames P.R., Thorsen A., Greenwood L.N., Saborido-Rey F., Dominguez R., Murua H., Korta M., Kjesbu O.S. 2009. Advances in methods for determining fecundity: application of the new methods to some marine fishes. Fish. Bull. 107: 148-164.

Wootton R.J. 1990. Ecology of teleost fishes. Dordrecht, The Netherlands, Kluwer Academic Publishers. Fish and Fisheries Series.

Yamahira K. 2001. Experimental examination of interpopulation variation in reproductive timing of a fish. Oecologia 128: 389-399. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s004420100675

Yoda M., Yoneda M. 2009. Assessment of reproductive potential in multiple-spawning fish with indeterminate fecundity: a case study of yellow sea bream Dentex hypselosomus in the East China Sea. J. Fish. Biol. 74: 2338-2354. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8649.2009.02246.x PMid:20735557

Zorica B., Sinovcic G., Cikes Kec V. 2005. Reproductive period and histological analysis of the painted comber, Serranus scriba (Linnaeus, 1758), in the Trogir Bay area (eastern mid-Adriatic). Acta Adriat. 46: 77-82. Zuur A.F., Ieno E.N., Walker N., Saveliev A.A., Smith G.M. 2009. Mixed effects models and extensions in ecology with R. New York, Springer. Statistics for Biology and Health.

Zuur A.F., Leno E.N., Smith G.M. 2007. Analysing ecological data: Statistics for biology and health. New York, Springer. PMCid:PMC2039845




Copyright (c) 2013 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Contact us scimar@icm.csic.es

Technical support soporte.tecnico.revistas@csic.es