Scientia Marina, Vol 77, No 1 (2013)

An analysis of fishing gear competition. Catalan fisheries as case studies


https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.03691.04A

Jordi Lleonart
Institut de Ciències del Mar, CSIC, Spain

Francesc Maynou
Institut de Ciències del Mar, CSIC, Spain

Jordi Salat
Institut de Ciències del Mar, CSIC, Spain

Abstract


An asymmetric index was developed to measure the competition relationships among fishing fleets (or gears or métiers) in a multispecies fishery. This index can be used to measure the degree of dominance of each fleet and its level of independence from competition. To illustrate the concepts, the index is applied to two case studies using two datasets, both from Catalonia, NW Mediterranean. The results show that in both case studies the dominance of bottom trawl over most other gears (especially small-scale ones) is evidenced and quantitatively measured. Bottom trawl is also highly independent of the others. Purse seine appears to be quite independent, but not dominant over the other gears. A practical use of these asymmetric indices is to assist fisheries managers in the decision-making process to optimize the allocation of fishing effort, including energy efficiency, and to reduce environmental impact.

Keywords


gear competition; asymmetric index; Mediterranean fisheries

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