Scientia Marina, Vol 76, No 3 (2012)

Description of a new genus of Cryptochiridae (Decapoda: Brachyura) associated with Siderastrea (Anthozoa: Scleractinia), with notes on feeding habits


https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.03538.02E

Marcelle F.S. Badaro
Universidade Federal da Bahia, Instituto de Biologia, Departamento de Zoologia, LABIMAR , Brazil

Elizabeth G. Neves
Universidade Federal da Bahia, Instituto de Biologia, Departamento de Zoologia, LABIMAR , Brazil

Peter Castro
Biological Sciences Department, California State Polytechnic University , United States

Rodrigo Johnsson
Universidade Federal da Bahia, Instituto de Biologia, Departamento de Zoologia, LABIMAR , Brazil

Abstract


Members of the Cryptochiridae are small gall-crabs that live as obligate symbionts of scleractinian corals. Only two species have so far been recorded in the western Atlantic Ocean. Herein a new Cryptochiridae genus and species is described, and new information is added on the life history of cryptochirids. The new genus is characterized by having the carapace with the lowest deflection angle among the genera, and also shows the following features: thoracic sternite 4 with setules and constriction smaller than half of the width of the basis, anterior margin curved with apical row of granules; third maxilliped with subcircular exopod reaching medially the lateral margin of the ischium; pereiopod 2 with prominent distomesial and anterolateral expansion on the merus, propodus almost twice larger than dactylus; thoracic sternite 7 with complete medial suture, female pleopod 3 uniramous with longitudinal opening. Male first pleopod straight with subdistal curvature of approximately 90°. Individuals belonging to the new genus are found in galls in massive corals although this structure is cited as being characteristic of ramified corals. The long plumose setae of the maxilliped 3 suggest a filter-feeding function, but the toothless chelae suggest that they are used to gather mucus.

Keywords


gall crab; associated fauna; coral reef; symbiosis; Cnidaria

Full Text:


PDF

References


Abelson A., Galil B.S., Loya Y. 1991. Skeletal modification in stony corals caused by indwelling crabs: hydrodynamical advantages for crab feeding. Symbiosis 10: 233-248.

Abelson A., Miloh T., Loya Y. 1993. Flow patterns induced by substrata and body morphologies of benthic organisms, and their roles in determining food particle availability. Limnol. Oceanogr. 38: 1116-1124. http://dx.doi.org/10.4319/lo.1993.38.6.1116

Carricart-Ganivet J.P., Carrera-Parra L.F., Quan-Young L.I., Garia-Madrigal M.S. 2004. Ecological note on Troglocarcinus corallicola (Brachyura: Cryptochiridae) living in symbiosis with Manicina areolata (Cnidaria: Scleractina) in the Mexican Caribbean. Coral Reefs 23: 215-217. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00338-004-0381-2

Castro P. 1976. Brachyuran crabs symbiotic with scleractinian corals. Mar. Biol. 46: 237-245. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00390685

Coelho P.A., Ramos-Porto M. 1995. Distribuição ecológica dos crustáceos decápodas marinhos do nordeste do Brasil. Trab. Ocean. Univ. Fed. Pernambuco 23: 113-127.

Coelho P.A., Almeida A.O., Bezerra L.E.A. 2008. Checklist of the marine and estuarine Brachyura (Crustacea: Decapoda) of northern and northeastern Brazil. Zootaxa 1956: 1-58.

Edmondson C.H. 1933. Cryptochirus of the Central Pacific. Bull. Bishop Mus. 10: 3-23.

Fize A., Serene R. 1957. Les hapalocarcinides du Viet-Nam. Arch. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. Ser. 7 5: 1-202.

Henderson J.R. 1906. On a new species of coral-infesting crab taken by the R.I.M.S. Investigator’ at the Andaman Islands. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 18: 211-219. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00222930608562602

Johnsson R., Neves E., Franco G.M.O., da Silveira F.L. 2006. The association of two gall crabs (Brachyura: Cryptochiridae) with the reef-building coral Siderastrea stellata Verrill, 1868. Hydrobiologia 559: 379-384. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10750-005-9307-4

Kropp R.K. 1986. Feeding biology and mouthpart morphology of three species of coral gall crabs (Decapoda: Cryptochiridae). J. Crustac. Biol. 6: 377-384. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1548178

Kropp R.K. 1990. Revision of the genera of gall crabs (Crustacea: Cryptochiridae) occurring in the Pacific Ocean. Pacific Sci. 44: 417-448.

Kropp R.K., Manning R.B. 1987. The Atlantic Gall Crabs, Family Cryptochiridae (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura). Smithson. Contrib. Zool. 462: 1-21. http://dx.doi.org/10.5479/si.00810282.462

Kropp R.K., Manning R.B. 1995. Crustacea Decapoda: two new genera and species of deep water gall crabs from the Indo-west Pacific (Cryptochiridae). In: Crosnier, A. (ed.) Résultats des Campagnes MUSORSTOM, Volume 15. Mem. Mus. Nat. Hist. nat. 168: 531-539.

Manning R.B. 1991. Crustacea Decapoda: Cecidocarcinus zibrowii, a new deep-water gall crab (Cryptochiridae) from New Caledonia. In: Crosnier, A. (ed.) Résultats des Campagnes MUSORSTOM, Volume 9. Mem. Mus. Nat. Hist. nat. 152: 515-520.

Marshall S.M., Orr A.P. 1960. Feeding and nutrition. In: Waterman T.H. (ed.), The Physiology of Crustacea. Academic Press, New York, pp. 227-258.

McCain J.C., Coles S.L. 1979. A new species of crab (Brachyura, Hapalocarcinidae) inhabiting pocilloporid corals in Hawaii. Crustaceana 36: 8 1-89.

Melo G.A.S. 1996. Manual de Identificação dos Brachyura (Caranguejos e Siris) do Litoral Brasileiro. Editora Pleiade, São Paulo, 455 pp.

Neves E.G. 2004. Complexo Siderastrea: espécies distintas? Significado da variabiliade do gênero Siderastrea de Blainville 1830 (Anthozoa, Scleractinia) no Brasil. Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, thesis, 458 pp.

Neves E.G., Johnsson R. 2009. Three new species of Artotrogidae (Copepoda, Siphonostomatoida) from the southeastern coast of Pernambuco State, Brazil. Zootaxa 1932: 47-60.

Neves E.G., Johnsson R., Sampaio C.L.S., Pichon M. 2006. The occurrence of Scolymia cubensis in Brazil: revising the problem of the Caribbean solitary mussids. Zootaxa 1366: 45-54.

Neves E.G., Andrade S.C.S., da Silveira F.L., Solferini V.N. 2008. Genetic variation and population structuring in two brooding coral species (Siderastrea stellata and Siderastrea radians) from Brazil. Genetica 132: 243-254. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10709-007-9168-z PMid :17676276

Neves E.G., da Silveira F.L., Pichon M., Johnsson R. 2010. Cnidaria, Scleractinia, Siderastreidae, Siderastrea siderea (Ellis and Solander, 1786): Hartt Expedition and the first record of a Caribbean siderastreid in tropical Southwestern Atlantic. Check List 6: 505-510.

Ng P.K.L., Guinot D., Davie P.J.F. 2008. Systema Brachyurorum: Part I. An annotated checklist of extant brachyuran crabs of the world. Raffles Bull. Zool. 17: 1-286.

Nogueira J.M.M. 2003. Fauna living in colonies of Mussismilia hispida (Verrill) (Cnidaria: Scleractinia) in four South-eastern Brazil islands. Braz. Arch. Biol. Tech. 46: 421-432. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-89132003000300014

Oigman-Pszczol S.S. and Creed J.C. 2006. Distribution and abundance of fauna on living tissues of two Brazilian hermatypic corals (Mussismilia hispida (Verril 1902) and Siderastrea stellata (Verril, 1868). Hydrobiologia 563: 143-154. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10750-005-0002-2

Potts F.A. 1915. The fauna associated with crinoids of a tropical coral reef: with especial reference to its color variation. Pap. Carnegie Inst. 8: 73-96.

Reed J.K., Gore R.H., Scotto L.E., Wilson K.A. 1982. Community composition, structure, areal and trophic relationships of decapods associated with shallow- and deepwater Oculina varicosa reef corals. Bull. Mar. Sci. 32: 76 1-786.

Simon-Blecher N., Achituv Y. 1997. Relationship between the coral pit crab Cryptochirus corallioidytes Heller and its host coral. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 215: 93-102. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-0981(97)00002-6

Simon-Blecher N., Chemedanov A., Eden N., Achituv Y. 1999. Pit structure and trophic relationship of the coral pit crab Cryptochirus coralliodytes. Mar. Biol. 134: 711-717. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s002270050587

Tribollet A., Golubic S. 2005. Cross-shelf differences in the pattern and pace of bioerosion of experimental carbonate substrates exposed for 3 years on the northern Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Coral Reefs 24: 422-434. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00338-005-0003-7

Young P.S. 1998. Catalogue of Crustacea of Brazil. Museu Nacional, Série Livros 6. Rio de Janeiro, 717 pp.

Warner G.F. 1977. The Biology of Crabs. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co, New York, 202 pp.




Copyright (c) 2012 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Contact us scimar@icm.csic.es

Technical support soporte.tecnico.revistas@csic.es