Scientia Marina, Vol 76, No 2 (2012)

Abundance patterns of early stages of the Pacific sardine (Sardinops sagax) during a cooling period in a coastal lagoon south of the California Current


https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.03442.20C

René Funes-Rodríguez
Centro Interdisciplinario de Ciencias Marinas (CICIMAR-IPN)Centro Interdisciplinario de Ciencias Marinas (CICIMAR-IPN) , Mexico

Rafael Cervantes-Duarte
Centro Interdisciplinario de Ciencias Marinas (CICIMAR-IPN) , Mexico

Silverio López-López
Centro Interdisciplinario de Ciencias Marinas (CICIMAR-IPN) , Mexico

Alejandro Hinojosa-Medina
Centro Interdisciplinario de Ciencias Marinas (CICIMAR-IPN) , Spain

Alejandro Zárate-Villafranco
Centro Interdisciplinario de Ciencias Marinas (CICIMAR-IPN) , Mexico

Gabriela M. Esqueda-Escárcega
Centro Interdisciplinario de Ciencias Marinas (CICIMAR-IPN) , Mexico

Abstract


Abundance patterns of eggs and larvae of the Pacific sardine, Sardinops sagax (Jenyns, 1842), in Bahía Magdalena, Baja California Sur, were analysed during a cooling period south of the California Current from 2005 to 2009. The thermohaline characteristics and zooplankton abundance were good descriptors of the potential spawning habitat. Individual quotient analyses showed a predominance of eggs and larvae within a SST range of 16 to 18°C, at low salinities (33.9-34.1) and at low density gradient variability (0.009-0.029), associated with deeper waters (25-40 m) near the main entrance, where the transparency was intermediate (6-8 m) and zooplankton abundance was relatively high ( > 316 ml/1000 m3). Increments within different class intervals meant that neither dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN), phosphates nor chlorophyll a predominated. The large interannual fluctuations in sardine spawning activity and preferential temperatures observed in historical and recent data suggest that two sardine stocks spawn in Bahia Magdalena: one stock spawned in the period 1981-1989 and one stock spawned in the period 1997-2009. The influence of cooling and warming periods as additional components of the regional environmental framework is analysed and discussed.

Keywords


Pacific sardine; small pelagic fishes; fish eggs and larvae; hydrologic conditions; Bahia Magdalena; California Current

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References


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