Scientia Marina, Vol 76, No 1 (2012)

New data on the distribution and size composition of the North Pacific spiny dogfish Squalus suckleyi (Girard, 1854)


https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.03439.22C

Alexei M. Orlov
Department of International Fisheries Cooperation, Russian Federal Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography (VNIRO) , Russian Federation

Vadim F. Savinykh
Pacific Fisheries Research Center (TINRO-Center) , Russian Federation

Eugeny F. Kulish
Department of International Fisheries Cooperation, Russian Federal Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography (VNIRO) , Russian Federation

Dmitry V. Pelenev
Department of International Fisheries Cooperation, Russian Federal Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography (VNIRO) , Russian Federation

Abstract


The results of long-term research on the spatial and vertical distribution of the North Pacific spiny dogfish Squalus suckleyi in the North Pacific Ocean and its size composition are presented. In total, data from 7059 catches of this species were analyzed (3178 with associated capture depth). The description of size composition is based on measurements of 413 specimens caught by driftnets, 328 by pelagic trawls and 722 by bottom trawls. This species was found to be most widely distributed in the North Pacific in the summer and autumn months during feeding migrations. Seasonal and long-term changes in the spatial distribution were observed. A wide distribution of S. suckleyi in the Bering Sea was recorded after the year 2000, which is likely associated with recent climate change. Occurrence of the species in the water column and near the bottom differed considerably. In the water column, the maximum number of captures was observed within the upper 25 m layer (about 90%). Near the bottom, this species was most abundant at depths less than 50 m (over 45%) and within a depth range of 101-200 m (about 50%). The catch of S. suckleyi during the daytime was considerably larger than in the night, possibly due to vertical diurnal migrations. This species was found at water temperatures ranging from 0 to 12.7°C, and maximum catches were observed at temperatures over 8°C. Size compositions of bottom and pelagic trawl catches were similar (mean length 69.1 and 68.6 cm respectively) while driftnet catches were composed of larger specimens (mean length 75.3 cm).

Keywords


North Pacific spiny dogfish; Squalus suckleyi; distribution; size composition; North Pacific Ocean

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