Scientia Marina, Vol 75, No 3 (2011)

Dactylamblyops corberai n. sp., a new mysid (Crustacea: Mysida) from the deep Mediterranean Sea

Carlos San Vicente , Spain

Joan E. Cartes
Institut de Ciències del Mar (ICM-CSIC), Spain


A new Erythropinae mysid, Dactylamblyops corberai n. sp., is described from specimens sampled with a 500-mm plankton net attached to a bottom trawl in the Ionian Sea (eastern Mediterranean). This new species is the first Dactylamblyops species described from the Mediterranean Sea. Based on a revision of additional material from several cruises made in recent years, we conclude that D. corberai is a widespread species in the deep Mediterranean near-bottom suprabenthic community at depths between 398 and 1859 m. The main distinguishing features of D. corberai are the shape of the eyes and their ocular process, and the shape of the labrum with two rows of clusters of short setules and two areas covered with small, scale-like protrusions not described in any other species of the genus. D. corberai belongs to the morphological hodgsoni group of Dactylamblyops species.


Mysida; Mysidae; endemism; Mediterranean Sea; deep sea

Full Text:



Anderson, G. - 2010. Mysida Classification, January 20, 2010. Available from (accessed 20 April 2010).

Birstein, J.A. and J.G. Tchindonova. - 1958. Glubocovodniie Mysidii severo zapadnoi ciasti Tihogo Okeana (The deep sea mysids of the northwest Pacific Ocean). Trudy Inst. Okean., 27: 258-355.

Cartes, J.E. and F. Maynou. - 2001. Trophodynamics of the deep-water suprabenthic mysid Boreomysis arctica in the Catalan Sea (western Mediterranean). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 211: 225-234.

Cartes, J.E. and J.C. Sorbe. - 1995. Deep-water mysids of the Catalan Sea: species composition, bathymetric and near bottom distribution. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U. K., 75: 187-197.

Cartes, J.E., J.C. Sorbe and F. Sarda. - 1994. Spatial distribution of deep-sea decapods and euphausiids near the bottom in the Northwestern Mediterranean. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol., 179: 131-144.

Cartes, J.E., F. Maynou, B. Morales-Nin, E. Massutí and J. Moranta. - 2001. Trophic structure of a bathyal benthopelagic boundary layer community south of the Balearic Islands (southwestern Mediterranean). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 215: 23-35.

Cartes, J.E., D. Jaume and T. Madurell. - 2003. Local changes in the composition and community structure of suprabenthic peracarid crustaceans on the bathyal Mediterranean: influence of environmental factors. Mar. Biol., 143: 745-758.

Cartes, J.E., F. Maynou, E. Fanelli, C. Romano, V. Mamouridis and V. Papiol. - 2009. The distribution of megabenthic, invertebrate epifauna in the Balearic Basin (Western Mediterranean) between 400 and 2300 m: environmental gradients influencing assemblages composition and biomass trends. J. Sea Res., 66: 244-257.

Hansen, H.J. - 1910. The Schizopoda of the Siboga expedition. Siboga Exp., 37: 1-123.

Haworth, A. H. - 1825. A new binary arrangement of the brachyurous Crustacea. Phil. Mag. J., 65: 105-106.

Holt, E.W.L. and W.M. Tattersall. - 1906. Preliminary notice of the Schizopoda collected by H.M.S. "Discovery" in the Antarctic Region. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., (7)17: 1-11.

Ii, N. - 1964. Fauna Japonica. Mysidae (Crustacea). Biogeographical Society of Japan, Tokyo.

Illig, G. - 1906. Bericht u.ber die neuen Schizopodengattungen und -arten der deutschen Tiefsee-Expedition 1898-1899. Zool. Anz., 30: 194-211.

Illig, G. - 1930. Die Schizopoden der deutschen Tiefsee-Expedition. In: Chun, C. (ed.), Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse Deutschen Tiefsee-Expedition auf dem Dampfer "Valdivia" 1898-1899, vol. 22 pp. 397-625. Jena, Gustav Fischer.

Jaume, D., J.E. Cartes and G. A. Boxhall. - 2000. Shallow-water and not deep-sea as most plausible origin for cave-dwelling Paramisophria species (Copepoda: Calanoida: Arietellidae), with description of three new species from Mediterranean bathyal hyperbenthos and littoral caves. Cont. Zool., 68: 205-244.

Madurell, T. and J.E. Cartes. - 2003. Suprabenthic peracarid fauna collected at bathyal depths of the Ionian Sea (Eastern Mediterranean). Crustac. Int. J. Crustac. Res., 76(5): 611-624.

Mauchline, J. - 1980. The biology of mysids and euphausiids. Academic Press, London.

Murano, M. - 1969. Three new species of Mysidacea from Japan. Crustac. Int. J. Crustac. Res., 17: 207-219.

Murano, M. - 1981. Mysidacea from the central and western Pacific V. Genera Heteroerythrops, Meierythrops, Pleurerythrops, Gibberythrops, Illigiella, Dactylamblyops, Pseudamblyops, Paramblyops, Dactylerythrops and Nakazawaia (tribe Erythropini). Publ. Seto Mar. Biol. Lab., 26(4/6): 261-302.

Murano, M., and J. Mauchline. - 1999. Deep-sea mysids from the north Atlantic Ocean with description of four new species. Crustac. Int. J. Crustac. Res., 72(3): 273-295.

Nouvel, H., and J.P. Lagardère. - 1976. Les Mysidaces du talus continental du golfe de Gascogne I. Tribu des Erythropini (genre Erythrops excepte). Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. Natur. 3, 414 (Zool. 291): 1243-1324.

Ohlin, A. - 1901. Arctic Crustacea collected during the Swedish Arctic expeditions 1898, 1899 and 1900 under the direction of A.G. Nathorst and G. Kolthoff. II. Decapoda, Schizopoda. Bihang Kongl. Svenska Vet. Ak. Handl., 27(4): 1-91.

Ruffo, S., J.E. Cartes and J.C. Sorbe. - 1999. A new bathyal species of the genus Autonoe from the Catalan Sea (NW Mediterranean. (Crustacea: Amphipoda: Aoridae). Boll. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Verona, 22: 21-30.

San Vicente, C. - 2010. Mysidaceans. In: M. Coll, C. Piroddi, J. Steenbeek, K. Kaschner, F. Ben Rais Lasram, et al. (2010), The Biodiversity of the Mediterranean Sea: Estimates, Patterns, and Threats. PLoS ONE, 5(8): e11842, Supporting information 2nd file: 247-275.

Tattersall, W.M. - 1907. Preliminary diagnoses of six new Mysidae from the west coast of Ireland. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Series 7, 19: 106-118.

Tattersall, W.M. - 1939. The Euphausiacea and Mysidacea of the John Murray Expedition to the Indian Ocean. John Murray Exp. 1933-34. Scient. Rep., 5(8): 203-246.

Tattersall, W.M. - 1951. A review of the Mysidacea of the United States National Museum. Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 201: 1-292.

Tattersall, W. and O. Tattersall - 1951. The British Mysidacea. London, Ray Society.

Wittmann, K.J. - 1999. Global biodiversity in Mysidacea, with notes on the effects of human impact. In: F.R. Schram and J.C. von Vaupel Klein (eds.), Crustaceans and the Biodiversity Crisis, pp. 511-525, Brill, Leiden Boston, Köln.

Wittmann, K.J. - 2001. Centennial changes in the near-shore mysid fauna of the Gulf of Naples (Mediterranean Sea), with description of Heteromysis riedli sp. n. (Crustacea, Mysidacea). Mar. Ecol., 22: 85-110.

Copyright (c) 2011 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Contact us

Technical support