Scientia Marina, Vol 75, No 2 (2011)

Growth of young-of-the-year European anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus, L.) in the Bay of Biscay


https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.2011.75n2227

Naroa Aldanondo
AZTI–Tecnalia, Marine Research Unit , Spain

Unai Cotano
AZTI–Tecnalia, Marine Research Unit , Spain

Egoitz Etxebeste
AZTI–Tecnalia, Marine Research Unit , Spain

Abstract


Otolith daily increment analysis was used to describe the first growth season of young-of-the-year anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus L.) in the Bay of Biscay. Anchovy larvae and juveniles were sampled during their growth season over a three year period (2004, 2005 and 2006). A logistic curve was fitted to the length at age data. At the end of the first year of growth, length was 168.3 mm, with a maximum growth rate of 1.85 mm day -1 for 73 days after hatching. Moreover, a Gompertz growth model was applied to estimate otolith growth parameters. At the end of the first year the otolith radius was 1759 μm, with a maximum growth increment of 22.19 μm day-1 observed 56 days after hatching. Standard length and otolith radius were closely related; however, this relationship showed a characteristic change from exponential in the larval stage to linear in the juvenile stage.

Keywords


Bay of Biscay; early life stage; European anchovy; fish length-otolith radius relationship; growth; otolith

Full Text:


PDF

References


Aldanondo, N., U. Cotano, E. Etxebeste, X. Irigoien, P. Álvarez, A. Martínez de Murguía and D.L. Herrero. – 2008. Validation of daily increments deposition in the otoliths of European anchovy larvae (Engraulis encrasicolus L.) reared under different temperature conditions. Fish. Res., 93: 257-264. doi:10.1016/j.fishres.2008.04.012

Aldanondo, N., U. Cotano, M. Tiepolo, G. Boyra and X. Irigoien. – 2010. Growth and movement patterns of early juvenile European anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus L.) in the Bay of Biscay based on otolith microstructure and chemistry. Fish. Oceanogr., 19(3): 196-208. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2419.2010.00537.x

Allain, G., P. Petitgas, P. Grellier and P. Lazure. – 2003. The selection process from larval to juvenile stages of anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus) in the Bay of Biscay investigated by Lagrangian simulations and comparative otolith growth. Fish. Oceanogr., 12: 407-418. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2419.2003.00245.x

Allain, G., P. Petitgas, P. Lazure and P. Grellier. – 2007. Biophysical modelling of larval drift, growth and survival for the prediction of anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus) recruitment in the Bay of Biscay (NE Atlantic). Fish. Oceanogr., 16: 489-505. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2419.2007.00443.x

Anderson, J.T. – 1988. A review of size dependent survival during pre–recruit stages of fishes in relation to recruitment. J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci., 8: 55-66.

Basilone, G., C. Guisande, B. Patti, S. Mazzola, A. Cuttitta, A. Bonanno and A. Kallianiotis. – 2004. Linking habitat conditions and growth in the European anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus). Fish. Res., 68: 9-19. doi:10.1016/j.fishres.2004.02.012

Bellido, J.M., G.J. Pierce, J.L. Romero and M. Millán. – 2000. Use of frequency analysis methods to estimate growth of anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus L. 1758) in the Gulf of Cádiz (SW Spain). Fish. Res., 48: 107-115. doi:10.1016/S0165-7836(00)00183-1

Bellier, E., B. Planque and P. Petitgas. – 2007. Historical fluctuations in spawning location of anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus) and sardine (Sardina pilchardus) in the Bay of Biscay during 1967–73 and 2000–2004. Fish. Oceanogr., 16: 1-15. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2419.2006.00410.x

Borja, A., A. Uriarte, V. Valencia, L. Motos and A. Uriarte. – 1996. Relationships between anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus L.) recruitment and the environment in the Bay of Biscay. Sci. Mar., 60(Suppl. 2): 179-192.

Borja, A., A. Uriarte, J. Egaña, L. Motos and V. Valencia. – 1998. Relationships between anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus) recruitment and environment in the Bay of Biscay (1967-1996). Fish. Oceanogr., 7: 375-380. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2419.1998.00064.x

Box, G.E., W.G. Hunter and J.S. Hunter. – 1978. Statistics for Experimenters. John Wiley and Sons, New York.

Butler, J.L. – 1992. Collection and preservation of material for otolith analysis. In: D.K. Stevenson and S.E. Campana (eds.), Otolith microstructure examination and analysis. Can. Spec. Publ. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 117; 13-17.

Campana, S.E. – 1984. Microstructural growth patterns in the otoliths of larval and juvenile starry flounder, Platichthys stellatus. Can. J. Zool., 62: 1507-1512. doi:10.1139/z84-219

Campana, S.E. and J.D. Neilson. – 1985. Microstructure of fish otoliths. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sic., 42: 1014-1032. doi:10.1139/f85-127

Cermeño, P., A. Uriarte, A.M. De Murguía and B. Morales-Nin. – 2003. Validation of daily increment formation in otoliths of juvenile and adult European anchovy. J. Fish Biol., 62: 679-691. doi:10.1046/j.1095-8649.2003.00056.x

Cermeño, P., A. Uriarte, B. Morales-Nin, U. Cotano and P. Álvarez.– 2008. Setting up interpretation criteria for ageing juvenile european anchovy otoliths. Sci. Mar., 72(4): 733-742.

Chambers, R.C. and T.J. Miller. – 1995. Evaluating fish growth by means of otolith increment analysis: special properties of individual–level longitudinal data. In: J.D. Secor and S.E. Campana (eds.), Recent developments in fish otolith research, pp. 155-175. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press.

Cotano, U. and P. Álvarez. – 2003. Growth of young-of-the-year mackerel in the Bay of Biscay. J. Fish Biol., 62: 1010–1020. doi:10.1046/j.1095-8649.2003.00093.x

Cotano, U., X. Irigoien, E. Etxebeste, P. Álvarez, L. Zarauz, J. Mader and L. Ferrer. – 2008. Distribution, growth and survival of anchovy larvae (Engraulis encrasicolus L.) in relation to hydrodynamic and trophic environment in the Bay of Biscay. J. Plankton Res., 30: 467-481. doi:10.1093/plankt/fbn011

Cowan, J.H., E.D. Houde and K.A. Rose. – 1996. Size–dependent vulnerability of marine fish larvae to predation: an individual-based numerical experiment. ICES J. Mar. Sci., 53: 23-37. doi:10.1006/jmsc.1996.0003

Dulčić, J. – 1997. Growth of anchovy, Engraulis encrasicolus (L.), larvae in the Northern Adriatic Sea. Fish. Res., 31: 189-195. doi:10.1016/S0165-7836(97)00030-1

Folkvord, A., L. Ystanes, A. Johannessen and E. Moksness. – 1996. RNA:DNA ratios and growth of herring (Clupea harengus) larvae reared in mesocosms. Mar. Biol., 126: 591-602. doi:10.1007/BF00351326

Folkvord, A., K. Rukan, A. Johannessen and E. Moksness. – 1997. Early life history of herring larvae in contrasting feeding environments determined by otolith microstructure analysis. J. Fish Biol., 51: 250-263. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8649.1997.tb06102.x

Folkvord, A., A. Johannessen and E. Moksness. – 2004. Temperature-dependent otolith growth in Norwegian spring-spawning herring (Clupea harengus L.) larvae. Sarsia, 89: 297-310. doi:10.1080/00364820410002532

García, A. and I. Palomera. – 1996. Anchovy early life history and its relation to its surrounding environment in the Western Mediterranean basin. Sci. Mar., 60(Suppl. 2): 155-166.

García, A., D. Cortés, T. Ramírez, A. Giráldez and Á. Carpena. – 2003. Contribution of larval growth rate variability to the recruitment of the Bay of Málaga anchovy (SW Mediterranean) during the 2000-2001 spawning seasons. Sci. Mar., 67(4): 477-490.

Geffen, A.J. – 1982. Otolith ring deposition in relation to growth rate in herring (Clupea harengus) and turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) larvae. Mar. Biol., 71: 317-326. doi:10.1007/BF00397048

Hare, J.A. and R.K. Cowen. – 1995. Effect of age, growth rate, and ontogeny on the otolith size-fish size relationship in bluefish, Pomatomus saltatrix, and the implications for back-calculation of size in fish early life history stages. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sic., 52: 1909-1922. doi:10.1139/f95-783

Hare, J.A. and R.K. Cowen. – 1997. Size, growth, development, and survival of the planktonic larvae of Pomatomus saltatrix (Pisces: Pomatomidae). Ecology, 78: 2415-2431.

Hinrichsen, H-H., V. Buehler and C. Clemmesen. – 2007. An individual-based model for the direct conversion of otolith into somatic growth rates. Fish. Oceanogr., 16: 207-215. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2419.2007.00425.x

Houde, E.D. – 1989. Comparative growth, mortality, and energetics of marine fish larvae: Temperature and implied latitudinal effects. Fish. Bull., 87(3): 471-495.

ICES, 2007. Report of the Working Group on the Assessment of Mackerel, Horse, Mackerel, Sardine and Anchovy (WGMHSA). 4-13 September 2007, Copenhagen: ICES Headquarters. ICES CM 2007 ACFM:31.

Irigoien, X., O. Fiksen, U. Cotano, A. Uriarte, P. Álvarez, H. Arrizabalaga, G. Boyra, M. Santos, Y. Sagarminaga, P. Otheguy, E. Etxebeste, L. Zarauz, I. Artetxe and L. Motos. – 2007. Could Biscay Bay Anchovy recruit through a spatial loophole? Prog. Oceanogr., 74: 132-148. doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2007.04.011

Irigoien, X., U. Cotano, G. Boyra, M. Santos, P. Alvarez, P. Otheguy, E. Etxebeste, A. Uriarte, L. Ferrer and L. Ibaibarriaga. – 2008. From egg to juvenile in the Bay of Biscay: spatial patterns of anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus) recruitment in a non-upwelling region. Fish. Oceanogr., 17: 446-462. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2419.2008.00492.x

Ivarjord, T., T. Pedersen and E. Moksness. – 2008. Effects of growth rates on the otolith increments deposition rate in capelin larvae (Mallotus villosus). J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol., 358: 170-177. doi:10.1016/j.jembe.2008.02.011

Junquera, S. and G. Perez-Gándaras. – 1993. Population diversity in Bay of Biscay anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus L. 1758) as revealed by multivariate analysis of morphometric and meristic characters. ICES J. Mar. Sci., 50: 383-391. doi:10.1006/jmsc.1993.1043

La Mesa, M., F. Donato, G. Giannetti and E. Arneri. – 2009. Growth and mortality rates of European anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus) in the Adriatic Sea during the transition from larval to juvenile stages. Fish. Res., 96: 275-280. doi:10.1016/j.fishres.2008.12.011

Meekan, M.G. and L. Fortier. – 1996. Selection for fast growth during the larval life of Atlantic cod Gadus morhua on the Scotian Shelf. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 137: 25-37. doi:10.3354/meps137025

Moksness, E. – 1992. Differences in otolith microstructure and body growth rate of North Sea herring (Clupea harengus L.) larvae in the period 1987-1989. ICES J. Mar. Sci., 49: 223-230. doi:10.1093/icesjms/49.2.223

Morales-Nin, B. and J.P. Pertierra. – 1990. Growth rates of the anchovy Engraulis encrasicolus and the sardine Sardina pilchardus in the Northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Mar. Biol., 107: 349-356. doi:10.1007/BF01319836

Mosegaard, H., H. Svedaeng and K. Taberman. – 1988. Uncoupling of somatic and otolith growth rates in Arctic char (Salvelinus alpinus) as an effect of differences in temperature response. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sic., 45: 1514-1524. doi:10.1139/f88-180

Motos, L., A. Uriarte and V. Valencia. – 1996. The spawning environment of the Bay of Biscay anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus L.). Sci. Mar., 60: 117-140.

Neuman, M.J., D.A. Witting and K.W. Able. – 2001. Relationships between otolith microstructure, otolith growth, somatic growth and ontogenetic transitions in two cohorts of windowpane. J. Fish Biol., 58: 967-984. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8649.2001.tb00548.x

Otterlei, E., A. Folkvord and G. Nyhammer. – 2002. Temperature dependent otolith growth of larval and early juvenile Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua). J. Mar. Sci., 59: 851-860.

Palomera, I., B. Morales-Nin and J. Lleonart. – 1988. Larval growth of anchovy, Engraulis encrasicolus, in the Western Mediterranean Sea. Mar. Biol., 99: 283-291. doi:10.1007/BF00391991

Palomera, I., M.P. Olivar, J. Salat, A. Sabatés, M. Coll, A. García and B. Morales-Nin. – 2007. Small pelagic fish in the NW Mediterranean Sea: An ecological review. Prog. Oceanogr., 74: 377-396. doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2007.04.012

Popper, A.N. and S. Coombs. – 1980. Auditory mechanisms in teleost fishes. Am. Sci., 68: 429-440.

Ré, P. – 1996. Anchovy spawning in Mira estuary (southwestern Portugal). Sci. Mar., 60(Suppl. 2): 141-153.

Ricker, W.E. – 1979. Growth rates and models. In: W.S. Hoar, D.J. Randall and J.R. Brett (eds.), Fish Physiology, pp. 678-743.Academic Press, New York.

Ricklefs, R.E. – 1967. A graphical method of fitting equations to growth curves. Ecology, 48: 973-983. doi:10.2307/1934545

Santos, A.M.P., A. Chícharo, A. Dos Santos, T. Moita, P.B. Oliveira, A. Peliz and P. Ré. – 2007. Physical–biological interactions in the life history of small pelagic fish in the Western Iberia Upwelling Ecosystem. Prog. Oceanogr., 74: 192–209. doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2007.04.008

Secor, D.H. and J.M. Dean. – 1989. Somatic growth effects on the otolith-fish size relationship in young pond-reared striped bass, Morone sexatilis. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sic., 46: 113-121. doi:10.1139/f89-015

Simard, P., M. Castonguay, D. D’Amours and P. Magnan. – 1992. Growth comparison between juvenile Atlantic mackerel (Scomber scombrus) from the two spawning groups of the Northwest Atlantic. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sic., 49: 2242-2248. doi:10.1139/f92-245

Somarakis, S., B. Catalano and N. Tsimenides. – 1998. Catchability and retention of larval European anchovy, Engraulis encrasicolus, with bongo nets. Fish. Bull., 96: 917-925.

Uriarte, A., P. Prouzet and B. Villamor. – 1996. Bay of Biscay and Ibero Atlantic anchovy populations and their fisheries. Sci. Mar., 60(Suppl. 2): 237-255.

Wilhelm, M.R., S.J. Painting, J.G. Field, M. Kerstan and M.D. Durholtz. – 2005. Impact of environmental factors on survival of larval and juvenile Cape anchovy Engraulis encrasicolus (G.) in the southern Benguela upwelling region, determined from hatchdate distributions: implications for recruitment. Mar. Freshwater Res., 56: 561-572. doi:10.1071/MF04145

Xie, S., Y. Watanabe, T. Saruwatari, R. Masuda, Y. Yamashita, C. Sassa and Y. Konishi. – 2005. Growth and morphological development of sagittal otoliths of larval and early juvenile Trachurus japonicus. J. Fish Biol., 66: 1704-1719. doi:10.1111/j.0022-1112.2005.00717.x




Copyright (c) 2011 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Contact us scimar@icm.csic.es

Technical support soporte.tecnico.revistas@csic.es