Scientia Marina, Vol 75, No 1 (2011)

Growth of Octopus vulgaris (Cuvier, 1797) in tanks in the Ebro Delta (NE Spain): effects of temperature, salinity and culture density


https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.2011.75n1053

Marina Delgado
Instituto Español de Oceanografía. Centro Oceanográfico de Cádiz , Ecuador

Joan Ignasi Gairín
Institut de Recerca i Tecnologia Agroalimentaries. Centre de Aqüicultura , Spain

Ricard Carbó
Institut de Recerca i Tecnologia Agroalimentaries. Centre de Aqüicultura , Spain

Cristóbal Aguilera
Institut de Recerca i Tecnologia Agroalimentaries. Centre de Aqüicultura , Spain

Abstract


To assess the possibility of O. vulgaris ongrowing using tanks or cages in the bays of the Ebro Delta, we performed several growth trials of common octopus held in tanks. Effects of environmental factors (temperature and salinity) and zootechnical aspects (culture density) were studied. The thermal ranges that defined positive growth periods in the bays of the Ebro Delta were 19.5ºC to 23ºC (spring-summer) and 23.5ºC to 12.3ºC (autumn-winter), the latter being the most suitable period for ongrowing. Salinity did not affect survival (100%) or growth within the range tested (34-29 psu), though feeding rates (AFR, SFR) were directly related to salinity. On the other hand, after 60 days, final culture density increased three-fold (D1: 12.36 → 44.37 kg m–3; D2: 24.13 → 67.76 kg m–3), with optimal survival results ( > 90%) for the two densities tested. Growth and feeding rates showed a slight inverse relationship with density. Finally, growth and feeding rates showed a clear dependence on temperature in the two experiments (density and salinity). Our results conclude that industrial production of O. vulgaris in tanks is promising: this system offers an alternative to cages and allows for a more exhaustive control of culture.

Keywords


Octopus vulgaris; growth; ongrowing; temperature; salinity; culture density

Full Text:


PDF

References


Aguado, F. and B. García. – 2002. Growth and food intake models in Octopus vulgaris Cuvier (1797): influence of body weight, temperature, sex and diet. Aquac. Int., 10: 361-377. doi:10.1023/A:1023335024053

Bartol, I.K., R. Mann, and M. Vecchione. – 2002. Distribution of the euryhaline squid Lolliguncula brevis in Chesapeake Bay: Effects of selected abiotic factors. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 226: 235-247. doi:10.3354/meps226235

Boletzky, S.V. and R.T. Hanlon. – 1983. A review of the laboratory maintenance, rearing and culture of cephalopod molluscs. Mem. Natl. Mus. Vic., 44: 147-187.

Brett, J.R. – 1979. Environmental factors and growth. In: W.S. Hoar, D.J.Randall, and J.R. Brett (eds.), Fish Physiology, Bioenergetics and Growth, Vol. 8, pp. 599-675. Academic Press, New York.

Camp, J. and M. Delgado. – 1987. Hidrografía de las bahías del delta del Ebro. Investig. Pesq., 51: 351-369.

Carbó, R., A. Estevez and M.D. Furones. – 2002. Intelligent and multifunctional recirculation system. Its application in research at CA-IRTA. In: Seafarming –Today and Tomorrow Conference. Trieste, Italy (October 2002).

Cerezo, J. and B. García. – 2005. Suitable dissolved oxygen levels for common octopus (Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797) at different weights and temperatures: analysis of respiratory behaviour. Aquaculture, 244 (1-4): 303-314.

Chapela, A., A.F. González, E.G. Dawe, F.J. Rocha and A. Guerra. – 2006. Growth of common octopus (Octopus vulgaris) in cages suspended from rafts. Sci. Mar., 70(1): 121-129.

Fernández, M. and J. Diogène. – 2008. Salinitats al punt central interior de la Badia dels Alfacs durant l’any 2008. Resultats del programa de seguiment de la qualitat de les aigües, mol·luscs i fitoplancton tòxic a les zones de producció de marisc al litoral cátala de la DGPiAM.

García, B. and F. Aguado. – 2002. Influence of diet on ongrowing and nutrient utilization in the common octopus (Octopus vulgaris). Aquaculture, 211: 171-182. doi:10.1016/S0044-8486(01)00788-8

García, B. and J. Cerezo. – 2004. Influencia del número de días de ayuno a la semana sobre el crecimiento, el índice de conversión y la supervivencia del pulpo de roca (Octopus vulgaris, Cuvier 1797). AquaTIC, 21: 34-41.

García, B. and J. Cerezo. – 2006. Optimal proportions of crabs and fish in diet for common octopus (Octopus vulgaris) ongrowing. Aquaculture, 253: 502-511. doi:10.1016/j.aquaculture.2005.04.055

Hartwick, E.B., R.F. Ambrose and S.M.C. Robinson. – 1984. Dynamics of shallow-water populations of Octopus dofleini. Mar. Biol., 82: 65-72. doi:10.1007/BF00392764

Iglesias, J., F.J. Sánchez and J.J. Otero. – 1997. Primeras experiencias sobre el cultivo integral del pulpo (Octopus vulgaris) en el Instituto Español de Oceanografía. In: J. Costa, E. Abellán, B. García García, A. Ortega, S. Zamora (eds.), Actas del VI Congreso Nacional de Acuicultura, pp. 221-226. MAPA, Madrid.

Iglesias, J., J.J. Otero, C. Moxica, L. Fuentes and F.J. Sánchez. – 2004. The completed life cycle of the octopus (Octopus vulgaris, Cuvier) under culture conditions: paralarvae rearing using Artemia and zoeae, and first data on juvenile growth up to 8 months of age. Aquac. Int., 12: 481-487. doi:10.1023/B:AQUI.0000042142.88449.bc

Mangold, K. – 1983. Octopus vulgaris. In: P.R. Boyle (ed.), Cephalopod Life Cycles, vol. I, pp. 335-364. Academic Press, London.

O’Dor, R.K. and M.J. Wells. – 1978. Reproduction versus somatic growth: hormonal control in Octopus vulgaris. J. Exp. Biol., 77: 529-540.

Otero, J.J., C. Moxica, F.J. Sánchez and J. Iglesias. – 1999. Engorde de pulpo (Octopus vulgaris Cuvier) a diferentes densidades de estabulación. In: MAPA (ed.), Libro de resúmenes del VII Congreso Nacional de Acuicultura. MAPA, Madrid.

Pierce, S.K., JR. – 1971. Volume regulation and valve movements by marine mussels. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 39 (A): 103-117.

Ramón M., M. Fernández and E. Galimany. – 2007. Development of mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis) seed from two different origins in a semi-enclosed Mediterranean Bay (N.E. Spain). Aquaculture, 264(1-4): 148-159.

Rodríguez, C., J.F. Carrasco, J.C. Arronte and M. Rodríguez. – 2006. Common octopus (Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797) juvenile ongrowing in floating cages. Aquaculture, 254: 293-300. doi:10.1016/j.aquaculture.2005.10.053

Sobrino, I., L. Silva, J.M. Bellido and F. Ramos. – 2002. Rainfall, river discharges and sea temperature as factors affecting abundance of two coastal benthic cephalopod species in the gulf of Cádiz (SW Spain). Bull. Mar. Sci., 71(2): 851-865.

Snedecor, G.W. and W.G. Cochran. – 1980. Métodos estadísticos. Cía Ed. Continental, Buenos Aires.

Tirado, C., Rodríguez, A., Bruzón, M.A., López, J.I., Salas, C. and I. Márquez. – 2003. La reproducción del pulpo (Octopus vulgaris) y el choco (Sepia officinalis) en la costa andaluza. Junta de Andalucía (Consejería de Agricultura y Pesca), Sevilla.




Copyright (c) 2011 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Contact us scimar@icm.csic.es

Technical support soporte.tecnico.revistas@csic.es