Scientia Marina, Vol 75, No 1 (2011)

Lithistid sponges from submarine caves in the Mediterranean: taxonomy and affinities


https://doi.org/10.3989/scsimar.2011.75n1017

Andrzej Pisera
Institute of Paleobiology, Polish Academy of Sciences , Poland

Jean Vacelet
Centre d’Océanologie de Marseille, Aix-Marseille Université , France

Abstract


Several lithistid sponges are described from Mediterranean caves occurring in the northwestern and Adriatic basins. In the Corallistidae, Neoschrammeniella bowerbanki and Neophrissospongia nolitangere are recorded for the first time from the Mediterranean, whereas Neophrissospongia radjae n. sp. and Neophrissospongia endoumensis n. sp. are described as new. In the Theonellidae, the common sponge previously identified as Discodermia polydiscus is described as Discodermia polymorpha n. sp. Fossil specimens from the 3PP cave are tentatively attributed to Neoschrammeniella bowerbanki. The distribution and affinities of this lithistid fauna are discussed.

Keywords


Porifera; lithistids; new species; Mediterranean Sea; submarine caves; biogeographic affinities; fossilized sponges

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