Scientia Marina, Vol 74, No 4 (2010)

First record of the Indo-Pacific fish the Jarbua terapon (Terapon jarbua) (Osteichthyes: Terapontidae) in the Mediterranean with remarks on the wide geographical distribution of this species

Daniel Golani
Department of Evolution, Systematics and Ecology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel

Brenda Appelbaum-Golani
Mt. Scopus Library, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel


The Indo-Pacific fish Terapon jarbua is recorded for the first time in the Mediterranean. This record is evidentially the result of T. jarbua entering the Mediterranean via the Suez Canal (Lessepsian migration). The present record increases the total number of known Lessepsian fish to 74. A comparison of Mediterranean and Red Sea specimens of T. jarbua with specimens from the Far East suggests the necessity for genetic studies in order to clarify the unity of this taxon.


Terapon jarbua; first record; Mediterranean; Indo-Pacific distribution

Full Text:



Ben-Tuvia, A. – 1966. Red Sea fishes recently found in the Mediterranean. Copeia, 2: 254-275. doi:10.2307/1441133

Ben-Tuvia, A. – 1977. New records of Red Sea immigrants in the eastern Mediterranean. Cybium, 3: 95-102.

Bucciarelli, G., D. Golani and G. Bernardi. – 2002. Genetic cryptic species as biological invaders: the case of a Lessepsian fish migrant, the hardyhead silverside Atherinomorus lacunosus. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol., 273: 143-149. doi:10.1016/S0022-0981(02)00138-7

Forsskål, P. – 1775 Descriptiones Animalium; Avium, Amphibiorum, Piscium, Insectorum, Vermium, quae in Itinere Orientali Observavit. Petrus Forskål. Prof. Haun. Post mortem auctoris editit Carsten Niebuhr. Adjuncta est materia medica Kahirina atque tabula maris rubri geographica, 20+XXXIV+164 pp., 1 map; Hauniae, Copenhagen (Möller).

Gill, A.C. and J.M. Kemp. – 2002. Widespread Indo-Pacific shore-fish species: a challenge for taxonomists, biogeographers, ecologists, and fishery and conservation managers. Envir. Biol. Fish., 65: 165-174. doi:10.1023/A:1020044616889

Golani, D. – 1993. The sandy shore of the Red Sea—launching pad for Lessepsian (Suez Canal) migrant fish colonizers of the eastern Mediterranean. J. Biogeogr., 20: 579-585. doi:10.2307/2845515

Golani, D. – 1999. The Gulf of Suez ichthyofauna – assemblage pool for Lessepsian migration into the Mediterranean. Isr. J. Zool., 45: 79-90.

Golani, D. – 2010. Colonization of the Mediterranean by Red Sea Fishes Via the Suez Canal – Lessepsian Migration. In: D. Golani and B. Golani-Appelbaum (eds.), Fish Invasions of the Mediterranean – Changes and Renewal, pp. 145-188. Pensoft, Sofia.

Golani, D., L. Orsi-Relini, E. Massutí, and J.-P. Quignard. – 2002. CIESM Atlas of exotic species in the Mediterranean. Vol. 1. Fishes. (F. Briand, ed.). CIESM Publisher, Monaco.

Golani, D., A. Lerner and B. Appelbaum-Golani. – 2008. Fish biodiversity in the sandy shore of the Gulf of Eilat in close proximity to nearby fish farm activity. In: D. Por (ed.), Aqaba-Eilat, the improbable gulf: environment, biodiversity and preservation. pp. 267-280. Magnes Press, Jerusalem.

Gruvel, A. and P. Chabanaud. – 1937. Missions A. Gruvel dans le Canal de Suez. II. Poissons. Mém. Ins. Egypte, 35: 1-31.

Haas, G. and H. Steinitz. – 1947. Erythrean fishes on the Mediterranean coast of Palestine. Nature, 160: 28. doi:10.1038/160028b0

Hubbs, C.L. and K.F. Lagler. – 1947. Fishes of the Great Lakes region. Bull. Cranbrook Inst. Sci., 26: 1-186.

Kimura, S. and K. Matsuura. (eds.). – 2003. Fishes of Bitung – northern tip of Sulawesi, Indonesia. Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo, Tokyo.

Kimura, S., D. Golani, Y. Iwatsuki, M. Tabuchi, and T. Yoshino. – 2007. Redescriptions of the Indo-Pacific atherinid fishes Atherinomorus forskalii, Atherinomorus lacunosus, and Atherinomorus pinguis. Ichth. Res., 54: 145-159. doi:10.1007/s10228-006-0386-7

Lipej, L., B. Mavrič, V. Žiža and J. Dulčić. – 2008. The largescaled terapon Terapon theraps: a new Indo-Pacific fish in the Mediterranean Sea. J. Fish Biol., 73: 1819-1822. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8649.2008.02047.x

Lourie, A. and A. Ben-Tuvia. – 1970. Two Red Sea fishes, Pelates quadrilineatus (Bloch) and Crenidens crenidens (Forsskål) in the eastern Mediterranean. Isr. J. Zool., 19: 203-207.

Randall, J.E. – 1995. Coastal fishes of Oman. Univ. Hawai’i Press, Honolulu.

Randall, J.E. – 1998. Zoogeography of shore fishes of the Indo-Pacific region. Zool. Stud., 37: 227-268.

Vari, R. – 1984. Teraponidae. In: W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.), FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51). Vol. 4. FAO, United Nations, Rome.

Vari, R.P. – 2001. Teraponidae. In: K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.), FAO species identification guide for fisheries purposes. The living marine resources of the western central Pacific. Vol. 5. pp. 3305-3316. FAO, United Nations, Rome.

Copyright (c) 2010 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Contact us

Technical support