Scientia Marina, Vol 71, No 2 (2007)

Revision of Chone Krøyer, 1856 (Polychaeta: Sabellidae) from the eastern central Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea with descriptions of two new species


https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.2007.71n2315

María Ana Tovar-Hernández
Laboratorio de Poliquetos, El Colegio de la Frontera Sur, Unidad Chetumal, Mexico

Margherita Licciano
Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Biologiche ed Ambientali, Lecce, Italy

Adriana Giangrande
Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Biologiche ed Ambientali, Lecce, Italy

Abstract


A neotype specimen is designated for Chone acustica (Claparède, 1870) with a full description. The original descriptions of Chone arenicola Langerhans, 1880 and Chone collaris Langerhans, 1880, both from Madeira, did not include some details and incomplete or misleading information was provided, so both species are redescribed. Amendments to the description of Chone longiseta Giangrande, 1992 are also given together with the methyl green staining pattern of Chone usticensis Giangrande et al. 2006. Two new species are described: Chone gambiae sp. nov., from the Gulf of Naples and Chone dunerificta sp. nov., from the Gulf of Salerno. This study shows the distribution of Chone duneri Krøyer, 1856, and Chone filicaudata Southern, 1914, to be restricted to the Arctic seas and North Atlantic Ocean, respectively. Records from the Mediterranean Sea are found to be erroneous.


Keywords


Sabellidae; Chone duneri; Chone filicaudata; Chone dunerificta; Chone gambiae

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