Scientia Marina, Vol 73, No 1 (2009)

Reproductive biology of the vulnerable species Sciaena umbra Linnaeus, 1758 (Pisces: Sciaenidae)


https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.2009.73n1067

Amàlia Grau
Direcció General de Pesca, Govern de les Illes Balears, Spain

Marta Linde
IMEDEA (CSIC-UIB), Instituto Mediterráneo de Estudios Avanzados, Spain

Antoni Mª Grau
Direcció General de Pesca, Govern de les Illes Balears, Spain

Abstract


Reproductive biology of the brown meagre, Sciaena umbra, is described based on 171 specimens caught by trammel nets and spear gun from April 1998 to October 2000. Histological examination and gonadosomatic index suggest that the spawning season of the brown meagre in Balearic waters is from May to August and peaks in May and June. Seven stages of gonadal development were identified: immature, early developing, late developing, running, spent, recovering and resting. The frequency distribution of oocyte diameter reveals that brown meagre is an iteroparous, gonochoristic, seasonal multiple-spawning fish with aynchronous oocyte development. Size at first maturity was 25.4 cm of total length for males and 29.9 cm for females. Sex ratio varied with fish size, with a tendency for greater numbers of females in higher size classes. Weight-length relationships for both sexes, as well as for the total population, were significantly allometric positive. An analysis of the monthly variations of hepatosomatic index (HSI), and Le Cren’s condition factor showed that HSI is not a good indicator of the lipid reserves of S. umbra. According to our results, current management measures for this species should be re-evaluated.

Keywords


Sciaena umbra; teleostean fishes; reproduction; spawning period; histology; Mediterranean Sea; Balearic Islands

Full Text:


PDF

References


Alonso-Fernández, A., R. Domínguez-Petit, F. Saborido-Rey, M. Bao and C. Rivas. – 2008. Spawning pattern and reproductive strategy of female pouting, Trisopterus luscus (Linnaeus, 1758), in the Galician shelf (northwest Spain). Aquat. Living Resour. (in press). doi:10.1051/alr:2008059

Alcoverro, T., J. Romero, C. Duarte and N.I. López. – 1997. Spatial and temporal variations in nutrient limitation of seagrass Posidonia oceanica growth in the NW Mediterranean. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 120: 203-210. doi:10.3354/meps120203

Ballesteros, E. – 1991. Structure and dynamics of north-western mediterranean phytobenthic communities: a conceptual model. Oecol. aquat., 10: 223-242.

Barbaro, A., A. Francescon, D. Bertotto, G. Bozzato, I. Di Maria, P. Patarnello, F. Furlan and L. Colombo. – 2002. More effective induction of spawning with long-acting GnRH agonist in the shi drum, Umbrina cirrosa L. (Sciaenidae, Teleostei), a valuable candidate for Mediterranean mariculture. J. Appl. Ichthyol., 18: 192-199. doi:10.1046/j.1439-0426.2002.00341.x

Bauchot, M.L. – 1987. Poissons Osseux. In: W. Fischer, M.L. Bauchot and M. Schneider (eds.), Fiches FAO D’identification des Espèces pour les Besoins de la Pêche. Méditerranée et Mer Noire. Zone de pêche 37. Révision 1. Volume II. Vertébrés, pp. 892-1424. FAO, Rome.

Bolger, T. and P.L. Connolly. – 1989. The selection of suitable indices for the measurement and analysis of fish condition. J. Fish Biol., 34: 171-182. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8649.1989.tb03300.x

Brett, J.R. and T.D.D. Groves. – 1979. Physiological energetics. In: W.S. Hoar, D.J. Randall and J.R. Brett (eds.), Fish Physiology Vol VIII. Bioenergetics and growth, pp. 279-352. Academic Press, New York.

Buñag, D.M. – 1956. Spawning habits of some Philippine tuna based on diameter measurements of the ovarian ova. Phil. J. Fish., 4: 145-175.

Chakroun, N. and M.H. Ktari. – 1981. Régime alimentaire des Sciaenidae (Poissons Téléostéens) du golfe de Tunis. Bull. Inst. Natn. Scient. Tech. Océanogr. Pêche Salammbô, 8: 69-80.

Chakroun-Marzouk N. and M.H. Ktari. – 2003. Le corb des côtes Tunisiennes, Sciaena umbra (Sciaenidae): cycle sexuel, âge et croissance. Cybium, 27(3): 211-225.

Chauvet, Cl. – 1991. Le corb ou brown meagre (Sciaena umbra - Linnaeus, 1758) quelques elements de sa biologie. In: C.F. Boudouresque, M. Avon and V. Gravez (eds.), Les Espèces Marines à Protéger en Méditerranée, pp. 229-235. GIS Posidonie Publ., France.

Coll, J., M. Linde, A. García-Rubies, F. Riera and A.M. Grau. – 2004. Spear fishing in the Balearic Islands (west central Mediterranean): species affected and catch evolution during the period 1975-2001. Fish. Res., 70: 97-111. doi:10.1016/j.fishres.2004.05.004

Craig, S. R., D.S. MacKenzie, G. Jones and D.M. Gatlin II. – 2000. Seasonal changes in the reproductive condition and body composition of free-ranging red drum Sciaenops ocellatus. Aquaculture, 190: 89-102. doi:10.1016/S0044-8486(00)00386-0

Dadzie, S. – 2007. Vitellogenesis, oocyte maturation pattern, spawning rhythm and spawning frequency in Otolithes ruber (Schneider, 1801) (Sciaenidae) in the Kuwaiti waters of the Arabian Gulf. Sci. Mar. 71(2): 239-248. doi:10.3989/scimar.2007.71n2239

De Vlaming, V., G. Grossman and F. Chapman. – 1982. On the use of the gonosomatic index. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. A, 73(1): 31-39. doi:10.1016/0300-9629(82)90088-3

Druzhinin, A.D. – 1974. On the distribution and biology of drums (or croakers)-Sciaenidae family-throughout the world ocean. Ichthyologia, 6: 37-47.

Dulcˇic´, J. and M. Kraljevic´. – 1996. Weight-length relationships for fish species in the eastern Adriatic (Croatian waters). Fish. Res., 28: 243-251. doi:10.1016/0165-7836(96)00513-9

Estrada, M., F. Vives and M. Alcaraz. – 1985. Life and productivity of the open sea. In: R. Margalef (ed.), Key Environments. Western Mediterranean, pp. 148-197. Pergamon Press, Oxford.

Fennessy, S.T. – 2000. Aspects of the biology of four species of Sciaenidae from the east coast of South Africa. Est., Coast. Shelf Sci., 50: 259-269. doi:10.1006/ecss.1999.0560

Fernandez de Puelles, M.L., J.M. Valencia and L. Vicente. – 2004. Zooplankton variability and climatic anomalies from 1994 to 2001 in the Balearic Sea (Western Mediterranean). ICES J. Mar. Sci., 61: 492-500. doi:10.1016/j.icesjms.2004.03.026

Foucher, R.P. and R.J. Beamish. – 1980. Production of nonviable oocytes by pacific hake (Merluccius productus). Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 37: 41-48. doi:10.1139/f80-004

Francescon, A. and A. Barbaro. – 1999. Umbrina cirrosa riproduzione e allevamento in cattività. Manuale di divulgazione 5. Serie Acquacoltura. Veneto Agricoltura, Pub., Italy.

Francour, P. – 1991. The effect of protection level on a coastal fish community at Scandola, Corsica. Rev. Ecol. (Terre vie), 46: 65-81.

García-Rubies, A. and M. Zabala. – 1990. Effects of total fishing prohibition on the rocky fish assemblages of Medes Islands marine reserve (NW Mediterranean). Sci. Mar., 54(4): 317-328.

Grau, A. – 1992. Aspectos histológicos, ciclo reproductor y principales procesos patológicos de Seriola dumerili Risso, 1810 (Carangidae). Ph.D. thesis, Univ. Barcelona.

Grau, A., S. Crespo, F. Riera, S. Pou and M.C. Sarasquete. – 1996. Oogenesis in the amberjack Seriola dumerili Risso, 1810. An histological, histochemical and ultrastructural study of oocyte development. Sci. Mar., 60(2-3): 391-406.

Grier, H.J. – 1981. Cellular organization of the testis and spermatogenesis in fishes. Amer. Zool., 21: 345-357.

Harmelin, J.G. – 1991. Statut du corb (Sciaena umbra) en Méditerranée. In: C.F. Boudouresque, M. Avon and V. Gravez (eds.), Les Espèces Marines à Protéger en Méditerranée, pp. 219-227. GIS Posidonie Publ., France.

Harmelin, J.G. and J. Marinopoulos. -1993. Recensement de la population de corbs (Sciaena umbra Linnaeus, 1758: Pisces) du Parc national de Port-Cros (Méditerranée, France) par inventaires visuels. Sci. Rep. Port-Cros natl., Fr.,15: 265-276.

Harmelin, J.G., F. Bachet and F. Garcia. – 1995. Mediterranean marine reserves: fish indices as tests of protection efficiency. P.S.Z.N.I.: Mar. Ecol., 16: 233-250. doi:10.1111/j.1439-0485.1995.tb00408.x

Hilborn, R. and C.J. Walters. – 1992. Quantitative Fisheries Stock Assessment: Choice, Dynamics and Uncertainty. Chapman and Hall, New York.

Hilge, V. – 1977. On the determination of the stage of gonad ripeness in female bony fishes. Meeresforschung, 25: 149-155.

Horwood, J.W. and M. Greer Walker. – 1990. Determinacy of fecundity in sole (Solea solea) from the Bristol Channel. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K., 70: 803-813.

Hunter, J.R., B.J. Macewicz, N.Ch.H. Lo and C.A. Kimbrell. – 1992. Fecundity, spawning, and maturity of female Dover sole Microstomus pacificus, with an evaluation of assumptions and precision. Fish. Bull. U.S. 90: 101-128.

Hutchings, K., M.H.Griffiths and J.G. Field. – 2006. Regional variation in the life history of the canary drum Umbrina canariensis (Sciaenidae), in South African waters. Fish. Res. 77(3): 312-325. doi:10.1016/j.fishres.2005.10.011

Jensen, A.J. – 1979. Energy content analysis from weight and liver index measurements of immature pollock (Pollachius virens). J. Fish. Res. Board Can., 36: 1207-1213.

Lambert, Y. and J.D. Dutil. – 1997. Can simple condition indices be used to monitor and quantify seasonal changes in the energy reserves of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua)? Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 54(Suppl. 1): 104-112. doi:10.1139/cjfas-54-S1-104

Le Cren, E.D. – 1951. The length-weight relationship and seasonal cycle in gonad weight and condition in perch (Perca fluviatilis). J. Anim. Ecol., 20: 201-219. doi:10.2307/1540

Liu, K.M., K.Y. Hung and Ch.T. Chen. – 2001. Reproductive biology of the big eye Priacanthus macracanthus in the north-eastern waters off Taiwan. Fish. Sci., 67: 1008-1014. doi:10.1046/j.1444-2906.2001.00355.x

Lowerre-Barbieri, S.K., M.E. Chittenden and L.R. Barbieri. – 1996. The multiple spawning pattern of weakfish in the Cheasepeak Bay and Middle Atlantic Bight. J. Fish Biol., 48 (6): 1139-1163. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8649.1996.tb01811.x

Luna, L.G. – 1968. Manual of Histologic Staining Methods of the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology. McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York.

Macchi, G.J., E.M. Acha and M.I. Militelli. – 2003. Seasonal egg production of whitemouth croacker (Micropogonias furnieri) in the Rio de la Plata estuary, Argentina-Uruguay. Fish. Bull., 101: 332-342.

Macpherson, E. and N. Raventos. – 2006. Relationship between pelagic larval duration and geographic distribution of Mediterranean littoral fishes. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 327: 257-265. doi:10.3354/meps327257

Maddock, D.M. and M.P.M. Burton. – 1999. Gross and histological observations of ovarian development and related condition changes in American plaice. J. Fish Biol., 53: 928-944. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8649.1998.tb00454.x

Massutí, M. – 1983. Peces para la Pesca Deportiva en Aguas de Baleares. Ediciones Cort, Palma de Mallorca.

Matsuura, S., M. Matsuyama, Y. Ouchi and T. Hidaka. – 1987. Maturity classification and group maturity of the red sea bream Pagrus major. II. Male maturity. Mar. Biol., 96: 169-172. doi:10.1007/BF00427016

Matsuyama, M., S. Matsuura, Y. Ouchi and T. Hidaka. – 1987. Maturity classification and group maturity of the red sea bream Pagrus major. I. Female maturity. Mar. Biol., 96: 163-168. doi:10.1007/BF00427015

Mayer, I., S.E. Shackley and P.R. Witthames. – 1990. Aspects of the reproductive biology of the bass, Dicentrarchus labrax L. II. Fecundity and pattern of oocyte development. J. Fish Biol., 36: 141-148. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8649.1990.tb05590.x

Mayol, J., A.M. Grau, F. Riera and J. Oliver. – 2000. Llista Vermella dels Peixos de les Balears. Quaderns de Pesca, 4. Govern de les Illes Balears, Gràfiques Mallorca, Palma.

Meefe, G.K. – 1993. Annual lipid cycle in mosquito fish (Gambusia holbrooki: Poecilidae) from South Carolina. Copeia, 3: 596-604. doi:10.2307/1447220

Mommsen, T.P. – 1998. Growth and metabolism. In: D.H. Evans (eds.), The Physiology of Fishes, pp. 65-97. CRC Press, New York.

Morey, G., J. Moranta, E. Massutí, A.M. Grau, M. Linde, F. Riera and B. Morales-Nin. – 2003. Weight-length relationships of littoral to lower slope fishes from the Eastern Mediterranean. Fish. Res., 62: 89-96. doi:10.1016/S0165-7836(02)00250-3

Murua, H. and F. Saborido-Rey. – 2003. Female reproductive strategies of marine fish species of the North Atlantic. J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci., 33: 23-31. doi:10.2960/J.v33.a2

Murua, H., G. Kraus, F. Saborido-Rey, P.R. Witthames, A. Thorsen and S. Junquera. – 2003. Procedures to estimate fecundity of marine fish species in relation to their reproductive strategy. J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci., 33: 33-54. doi:10.2960/J.v33.a3

Nagahama, Y. – 1983. The functional morphology of Teleost gonads. In: W.S. Hoar, D.J. Randall and E.M. Donaldson (eds.), Fish Physiology, vol. IX, pp. 223-275. Academic Press, New York.

Nelson, G.B. and R. McPherson. – 1987. A comparison of seasonal lipid changes in two populations of brook char (Salvelinus fontinalis). Am. Midl. Nat., 117: 139-147. doi:10.2307/2425715

Ning Chao, L. – 1986. Sciaenidae. In: P.J.P. Whitehead, M.L. Bauchot, J.C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.), Fishes of the North-Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Volume II, pp. 865-874. UNESCO pub, Paris.

Riera, F., J. Oliver and J. Terrassa. – 1998. Peixos de les Balears. pp. 95. Conselleria de Medi Ambient, Ordenació del Territori i Litoral, Govern de les Illes Balears, Jorvich, S.L., Palma de Mallorca.

Rius, M. – 2007. The effect of protection on fish populations in the Ses Negres Marine Reserve (NW Mediterranean, Spain). Sci. Mar., 71 (3): 499-504. doi:10.3989/scimar.2007.71n3499

Roumillat, W.W. and M.C. Brouwer. – 2004. Reproductive dynamics of female spotted sea trout (Cynoscion nebulosus) in South Carolina. Fish. Bull., 102: 473-487.

Rueda-Jasso, R., L.E.C. Conceiçao, J. Dias, W. De Coen, E. Gomes, J.F. Rees, F. Soares, M.T. Dinis and P. Sorgeloos. – 2004. Effect of dietary non-protein energy levels on condition and oxidative status of Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis) juveniles. Aquaculture, 231: 417-433 doi:10.1016/S0044-8486(03)00537-4

Sadovy, Y.J. – 1996. Reproduction of reef fishery species. In: N.V.C. Polunin, and C.M. Roberts (eds.), Reef Fisheries, pp. 15-59. Chapman and Hall, London.

Sadovy, Y. and D.Y. Shapiro. – 1987. Criteria for the diagnosis of hermaphroditism in fishes. Copeia, 1: 136-156. doi:10.2307/1446046

Sargent, J.R. – 1997. Fish oils and human health. Br. J. Nutr., 78: S5-S13. doi:10.1079/BJN19970131

Sheridan, M.A. – 1988. Lipid dynamics in fish: aspects of absorption, transportation, deposition, and mobilization. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B, 90: 679-690. doi:10.1016/0305-0491(88)90322-7

Sparre, P., E. Ursin and S.C. Venema. – 1989. Introduction to Tropical Fish Stock Assessment. Part I. Manual. FAO Fish. Tech. Pap. 306/1 (Rev.2). FAO, Rome.

Tormosova, I.D. – 1983. Variation in the age at maturity of the North Sea haddock, Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Gadidae). J. Ichthyol., 23: 68-74.

Wallace, R.A. and K. Selman. – 1981. Cellular and dynamic aspects if oocyte growth in Teleosts. Am. Zool., 21: 325-343.

Wenner, A. – 1972. Sex ratio as a function of size in marine crustacea. Am. Nat., 106: 321-350. doi:10.1086/282774

West, G. – 1990. Methods of assessing ovarian development in fishes: a review. Aust. J. Mar. Freshw. Res., 41: 199-222. doi:10.1071/MF9900199

Wilk, S.J., W.W. Morse and L.L. Stehlik. – 1990. Annual cycles of gonado-somatic indices as indicators of spawning activity for selected species of finfish collected from the New York Bight. Fish. Bull., 88: 775-786.

Wilson, C.A. and D.L. Nieland. – 1994. Reproductive biology of red drum, Sciaenops ocellatus, from the neritic waters of the northern Gulf of Mexico. Fish. Bull. U.S., 92: 841-850.

Yamaguchi, A., T. Todoroki, and G. Kume. – 2006. Reproductive cycle, sexual maturity and diel-reproductive periodicity of white croaker, Pennahia argentata (Sciaenidae), in Ariake Sound, Japan. Fish. Res., 82 (1-3): 95-100. doi:10.1016/j.fishres.2006.08.012




Copyright (c) 2009 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Contact us scimar@icm.csic.es

Technical support soporte.tecnico.revistas@csic.es